17 Lectures on Fermat Numbers

Author: Michal Krizek
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387218505
Format: PDF, Docs
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The pioneering work of Pierre de Fermat has attracted the attention of mathematicians for over 350 years. This book provides an overview of the many properties of Fermat numbers and demonstrates their applications in areas such as number theory, probability theory, geometry, and signal processing. It is an ideal introduction to the basic mathematical ideas and algebraic methods connected with the Fermat numbers.

Introduction to Experimental Mathematics

Author: Søren Eilers
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108132790
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Mathematics is not, and never will be, an empirical science, but mathematicians are finding that the use of computers and specialized software allows the generation of mathematical insight in the form of conjectures and examples, which pave the way for theorems and their proofs. In this way, the experimental approach to pure mathematics is revolutionizing the way research mathematicians work. As the first of its kind, this book provides material for a one-semester course in experimental mathematics that will give students the tools and training needed to systematically investigate and develop mathematical theory using computer programs written in Maple. Accessible to readers without prior programming experience, and using examples of concrete mathematical problems to illustrate a wide range of techniques, the book gives a thorough introduction to the field of experimental mathematics, which will prepare students for the challenge posed by open mathematical problems.

Differential Geometry of Varieties with Degenerate Gauss Maps

Author: Maks A. Akivis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387215115
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book surveys the differential geometry of varieties with degenerate Gauss maps, using moving frames and exterior differential forms as well as tensor methods. The authors illustrate the structure of varieties with degenerate Gauss maps, determine the singular points and singular varieties, find focal images and construct a classification of the varieties with degenerate Gauss maps.

Mathematics and the Historian s Craft

Author: Glen van Brummelen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387252841
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book brings together for the first time the Kenneth May Lectures that were given at the annual meetings of the Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Mathematics. All contributions are of high scholarly value, yet accessible to an audience with a wide range of interests. They provide a historian's perspective on mathematical developments and deal with a variety of topics covering Greek applied mathematics, the mathematics and science of Leonhard Euler, mathematical modeling and phenomena in ancient astronomy, Turing and the origins of artificial intelligence to name only a few.

Computational Excursions in Analysis and Number Theory

Author: Peter Borwein
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387216529
Format: PDF, ePub
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This introduction to computational number theory is centered on a number of problems that live at the interface of analytic, computational and Diophantine number theory, and provides a diverse collection of techniques for solving number- theoretic problems. There are many exercises and open research problems included.

Convex Functions and their Applications

Author: Constantin Niculescu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387243009
Format: PDF, ePub
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Thorough introduction to an important area of mathematics Contains recent results Includes many exercises

Mathematics and the Aesthetic

Author: Nathalie Sinclair
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387381459
Format: PDF, Docs
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This collection of essays explores the ancient affinity between the mathematical and the aesthetic, focusing on fundamental connections between these two modes of reasoning and communicating. From historical, philosophical and psychological perspectives, with particular attention to certain mathematical areas such as geometry and analysis, the authors examine ways in which the aesthetic is ever-present in mathematical thinking and contributes to the growth and value of mathematical knowledge.

Counting and Configurations

Author: Jiri Herman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475739257
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book presents methods of solving problems in three areas of elementary combinatorial mathematics: classical combinatorics, combinatorial arithmetic, and combinatorial geometry. Brief theoretical discussions are immediately followed by carefully worked-out examples of increasing degrees of difficulty and by exercises that range from routine to rather challenging. The book features approximately 310 examples and 650 exercises.

Duality for Nonconvex Approximation and Optimization

Author: Ivan Singer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387283951
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The theory of convex optimization has been constantly developing over the past 30 years. Most recently, many researchers have been studying more complicated classes of problems that still can be studied by means of convex analysis, so-called "anticonvex" and "convex-anticonvex" optimizaton problems. This manuscript contains an exhaustive presentation of the duality for these classes of problems and some of its generalization in the framework of abstract convexity. This manuscript will be of great interest for experts in this and related fields.

Dynamical Systems in Population Biology

Author: Xiao-Qiang Zhao
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387217614
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Population dynamics is an important subject in mathematical biology. A cen tral problem is to study the long-term behavior of modeling systems. Most of these systems are governed by various evolutionary equations such as difference, ordinary, functional, and partial differential equations (see, e. g. , [165, 142, 218, 119, 55]). As we know, interactive populations often live in a fluctuating environment. For example, physical environmental conditions such as temperature and humidity and the availability of food, water, and other resources usually vary in time with seasonal or daily variations. Therefore, more realistic models should be nonautonomous systems. In particular, if the data in a model are periodic functions of time with commensurate period, a periodic system arises; if these periodic functions have different (minimal) periods, we get an almost periodic system. The existing reference books, from the dynamical systems point of view, mainly focus on autonomous biological systems. The book of Hess [106J is an excellent reference for periodic parabolic boundary value problems with applications to population dynamics. Since the publication of this book there have been extensive investigations on periodic, asymptotically periodic, almost periodic, and even general nonautonomous biological systems, which in turn have motivated further development of the theory of dynamical systems. In order to explain the dynamical systems approach to periodic population problems, let us consider, as an illustration, two species periodic competitive systems dUI dt = !I(t,Ul,U2), (0.