Acoustic Microscopy

Author: Andrew Briggs
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199232733
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
For many years Acoustic Microscopy by Andrew Briggs has been the definitive book on the subject. A key development since it was first published has been the development of ultrasonic force microscopy, in which the elastic vibrations are detected with nanometre resolution by the tip of an atomic force microscope. The 2nd edition has a major new chapter on this technique and its applications.

Statistical Physics of Fracture and Breakdown in Disordered Systems

Author: Bikas K. Chakrabarti
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198520566
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Under extreme conditions the mechanical or electrical properties of solids tend to be destabilized and failure or breakdown occurs. In practice these instabilities in the solid often nucleate or spread from disorders in the structure of the solid. This book investigates the modelling of such failure and breakdown processes. The basic principles are illuminated with a large number of computer simulations and laboratory simulations or `table top' experiments. Three particular case studies of failure are presented: electrical failures like fuse and dielectric breakdown; mechanical fracture; and earthquakes as an example of dynamic failure.

QUASICRYSTALS A Primer 2nd edition dition en anglais

Author: Christian Janot
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198565512
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
In 1984 physicists discovered a monster in the world of crystallography, a structure that appeared to contain five-fold symmetry axes, which cannot exist in strictly periodic structures. Such quasi-periodic structures became known as quasicrystals. A previously formulated theory in terms of higher dimensional space groups was applied to them and new alloy phases were prepared which exhibited the properties expected from this model more closely. Thus many of the early controversies weredissolved. This primer is intended to provide a descriptive approach to the subject for those coming to it for the first time. The various practical, experimental, and theoretical topics are dealt with in an accessible style. The book is completed by problem sets and there is a computer program that generates a Penrose lattice. Following the success of the first and second editions the opportunity has been taken to reprint the second edition in paperback at a more modest price.

Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

Author: C. Julian Chen
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195071506
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Due to its nondestructive imaging power, scanning tunneling microscopy has found major applications in the fields of physics, chemistry, engineering, and materials science. This book provides a comprehensive treatment of scanning tunneling and atomic force microscopy, with full coverage of the imaging mechanism, instrumentation, and sample applications. The work is the first single-author reference on STM and presents much valuable information previously available only as proceedings or collections of review articles. It contains a 32-page section of remarkable STM images, and is organized as a self-contained work, with all mathematical derivations fully detailed. As a source of background material and current data, the book will be an invaluable resource for all scientists, engineers, and technicians using the imaging abilities of STM and AFM. It may also be used as a textbook in senior-year and graduate level STM courses, and as a supplementary text in surface science, solid-state physics, materials science, microscopy, and quantum mechanics.

Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers

Author: Vikas Mittal
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199581924
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Polymers are used in practically every facet of daily life. Most polymers come from fossil fuels and are not biodegradable, causing long-term environmental hazards. Biodegradable polymers provide an alternative, environmentally friendly class of materials. Composites of such polymers have high potential within a wide spectrum of applications.

Smart Structures

Author: Vinod K. Wadhawan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199229171
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Smartness is often associated with living beings, as they can adapt themselves to changing situations. Artificial smart structures are designed to mimic biological structures to a small or large extent. This book gives a comprehensive account of how this can be done. It will be of interest to students and professionals in science and engineering.

Interfaces in crystalline materials

Author: A. P. Sutton
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
The study of interfaces within and between materials is central to materials science research. For example, interfaces play an important role in many of the mechanical and electrical properties of materials, phase transformations, and material microstructures. This book provides an outstanding overview of the subject, with broad treatments of all aspects of the structure, thermodynamics, kinetics, and properties of interfaces in crystalline materials. Throughout, the authors emphasize conceptual foundations through the exposition of simple models and descriptions of key experimental observations. With Interfaces in Crystalline Materials in hand, students in materials science, crystallography, and condensed matter physics have a comprehensive and unified survey of the subject at their disposal.

NMR Imaging of Materials

Author: Bernhard Blumich
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191545074
Format: PDF
Download Now
NMR imaging of materials is a field of increasing importance. Applications expand from fundamental science like the characterization of fluid transport in porous rock, catalyst pellets, and hemodialyzers into various fields of engineering for process optimization and product and quality control, for example, of polymer materials, biomaterials, elastomers, and ceramics. While the results of NMR imaging are being appreciated in a growing community, the methods of imaging are far more diverse for materials applications than for medical imaging of humans. This book provides an introduction to NMR imaging of materials covering solid-state NMR spectroscopy, imaging methods for liquid and solid samples, and unusual NMR in terms of special approaches to spatial resolution like an NMR surface scanner. Special attention is paid to the large variety of ways to generate image contrast - the most prominent feature of NMR. The text is strong on methodology, and includes today's important application areas.

Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids

Author: B. Henderson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199298624
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
The beautiful colors of many inorganic compounds, including minerals and gemstones, as well as the mysterious cold light of luminescence emitted by these materials, have attracted the inquisitiveness of natural philosophers for centuries. The scientific study of such phenomena - the optical spectroscopy of solids - has paid rich dividends in technological advances such as lasers and other optronic devices. This is a book on the art of optical spectroscopy of solids, establishing a theoretical and experimental framework for the subject, which is well illustrated with relevant spectra and experimental data. Chapters 1 to 5 set down the quantum description of atoms, ions and defects in solids, and the interaction of such centers with electromagnetic radiation. Considerations of symmetry and the effects of lattice vibrations on the spectroscopic properties are treated in detail. The physical bases of prominent experimental techniques are presented in Chapter 6 and their application to color centers, dopant rare-earth and transition-metal ions are described in Chapters 7 -9. The spectroscopic behaviors of magnetic ions at high concentration are detailed in Chapter 10, followed by a brief review of the operational features of solid state lasers that rely on the foregoing discussion of their optical characteristics. Finally, Chapter 12 describes the application of magneto-optical double resonance techniques to the elucidation of the optical properties of insulating and semi-conducting materials. The authors emphasize that their own interests have guided the selection of topics from the panoply of available choices. They have written the book with senior undergraduates and postgraduates in mind: it is expected also to be useful to seasoned investigators from solid state physics and engineering from inorganic chemistry, and from materials and geological sciences.