Challenge to China

Author: Jerome Alan Cohen
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781614729341
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Challenge to China: How Taiwan Abolished Its Version of Re-Education Through Labor draws attention to an underappreciated aspect of legal reforms in Taiwan, and asks how Taiwan's experience might be relevant to its giant neighbor across the Taiwan Strait. This timely book by Jerome A. Cohen, whose groundbreaking work in the 1960s laid a foundation for the expanding field of Chinese law, and Margaret K. Lewis, professor at Seton Hall University School of Law and an expert on Taiwanese and Chinese law, will be valuable to lawyers, judges, and criminal justice professionals, as well as to anyone interested in the development of criminal justice systems. The Chinese leadership has for years claimed that it would soon abolish the infamous labor camps for its police-dominated system of "re-education through labor" (RETL) but so far has not taken steps to do so. Although the country's new leadership has signaled that they may finally reform, or perhaps even eliminate, RETL, it is still a reality in Mainland China. Taiwan, however, abolished its own similar system of labor camps for liumang -- very loosely translated as "hooligans" -- in 2009, standing as a challenge to Mainland China to outlaw, at last, its analogous system. Taiwan's success in curbing arbitrary police power challenges its neighbor across the strait to follow through on years of false starts on reining in the most egregious exercises of unfettered police power. For source material, the book looks to Taiwan's conventional laws, rules, and regulations; judicial decisions and other government publications; scholarly writings; newspaper and magazine articles; the authors' conversations with judges, prosecutors, lawyers, police, and scholars; and visits to government agencies, police stations, and even the institutions for punishing liumang. The book's crisp, clear presentation makes it accessible to the general reader as well as to China specialists.

International Engagement in China s Human Rights

Author: Titus Chen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317752724
Format: PDF, ePub
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Since the Tiananmen Square incident in 1989 there has been increasing international pressure on China to improve its approach to human rights, whilst at the same time the Chinese government has itself realised that it needs to improve its approach, and has indeed done much to implement improvements. This book explores systematically the international engagement in human rights in China and assesses the impact of such foreign involvement. It looks at particular areas including criminal justice, labour, and religious freedom, considers the processes by which international pressure is brought to bear and the processes by which improvements are implemented in China, and concludes that, whilst China’s human rights record has improved more than many people realise, further improvements are still needed.

China s Human Rights Lawyers

Author: Eva Pils
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134450613
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book offers a unique insight into the role of human rights lawyers in Chinese law and politics. In her extensive account, Eva Pils shows how these practitioners are important as legal advocates for victims of injustice and how bureaucratic systems of control operate to subdue and marginalise them. The book also discusses how human rights lawyers and the social forces they work for and with challenge the system. In conditions where organised political opposition is prohibited, rights lawyers have begun to articulate and coordinate demands for legal and political change. Drawing on hundreds of anonymised conversations, the book analyses in detail human rights lawyers’ legal advocacy in the face of severe institutional limitations and their experiences of repression at the hands of the police and state security apparatus, along with the intellectual, political and moral resources lawyers draw upon to survive and resist. Key concerns include the interaction between the lawyers and their bureaucratic, professional and social environments and the forms and long term political impact of resistance. In addressing these issues, Pils offers a rare evaluative perspective on China’s legal and political system, and proposes new ways to assess domestic advocacy’s relationship with international human rights and rule of law promotion. This book will be of great interest and use to students and scholars of law, Chinese studies, socio-legal studies, political studies, international relations, and sociology. It is also of direct value to people working in the fields of human rights advocacy, law, politics, international relations, and journalism.

Taiwan and International Human Rights

Author: Jerome A. Cohen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811303494
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book tells a story of Taiwan’s transformation from an authoritarian regime to a democratic system where human rights are protected as required by international human rights treaties. There were difficult times for human rights protection during the martial law era; however, there has also been remarkable transformation progress in human rights protection thereafter. The book reflects the transformation in Taiwan and elaborates whether or not it is facilitated or hampered by its Confucian tradition. There are a number of institutional arrangements, including the Constitutional Court, the Control Yuan, and the yet-to-be-created National Human Rights Commission, which could play or have already played certain key roles in human rights protections. Taiwan’s voluntarily acceptance of human rights treaties through its implementation legislation and through the Constitutional Court’s introduction of such treaties into its constitutional interpretation are also fully expounded in the book. Taiwan’s NGOs are very active and have played critical roles in enhancing human rights practices. In the areas of civil and political rights, difficult human rights issues concerning the death penalty remain unresolved. But regarding the rights and freedoms in the spheres of personal liberty, expression, privacy, and fair trial (including lay participation in criminal trials), there are in-depth discussions on the respective developments in Taiwan that readers will find interesting. In the areas of economic, social, and cultural rights, the focuses of the book are on the achievements as well as the problems in the realization of the rights to health, a clean environment, adequate housing, and food. The protections of vulnerable groups, including indigenous people, women, LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) individuals, the disabled, and foreigners in Taiwan, are also the areas where Taiwan has made recognizable achievements, but still encounters problems. The comprehensive coverage of this book should be able to give readers a well-rounded picture of Taiwan’s human rights performance. Readers will find appealing the story of the effort to achieve high standards of human rights protection in a jurisdiction barred from joining international human rights conventions.

Liu Xiaobo Charter 08 and the Challenges of Political Reform in China

Author: Jean-Philippe Béja
Publisher: Hong Kong University Press
ISBN: 9888139061
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In December 2008 some 350 Chinese intellectuals published a manifesto calling for reform of the Chinese constitution and an end to one-party rule. Known as "Charter 08," the manifesto has since been signed by more than 10,000 people. One of its authors, Liu Xiaobo, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2010 but has remained in prison since 2009 for subversive crimes. This collection of essays—the first of its kind in English—examines the trial of Liu Xiaobo, the significance and impact of Charter 08, and the prospects for reform in China. The essays include contributions from legal and political experts from around the world, an account of Liu's trial by his defence lawyers, and a passionate—and ultimately optimistic—account of resistance, repression and political change by the human rights lawyer Teng Biao.

Development Centre Studies Chinese Economic Performance in the Long Run 960 2030 AD Second Edition Revised and Updated

Author: Maddison Angus
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264037632
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book uses a comparative approach to explain why China’s role in the world economy has changed so dramatically in the last thousand years. This edition has been revised and updated and Chapter 4 is new. It concludes that China will resume its role as the world's largest economy by 2015.

Author: 鄧雅儀
Publisher: 財大出版社
ISBN: 163032521X
Format: PDF, ePub
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如果中共新一代領導人不是習近平,那麼中國的未來會改變嗎?改革的藍圖還會這樣規劃嗎?這其實是一個很弔詭的問題,因為如果新一代領導人不是習近平,我們可能就得用另一種觀點去看待中國;相對地,可能也就是因為中共新一代領導人這個位置讓習近平卡了位,未來的中國才恰巧應該要順著這樣的藍圖發展。 從習近平一上台,“改革”二字就是他的招牌,“習近平”就等於“改革”,他構築“中國夢”、他頻繁下鄉巡視、他反腐治貪、準備迎向市場經濟,然而,反過來看,他卻想一手掌握中國,他想盡辦法無視黨內利益集團,他大手一揮身兼三席最高職位,他要將權力一把抓,這是新中國,習近平的中國。 自毛澤東於1949年掌權以來,中共還沒有一個領導人像習近平一樣,以如此快的速度披露大規模的改革藍圖,即便是1978年掌權的鄧小平,都沒有這麼快攤開自己的底牌。2萬多字的《決定》,宣揚了習近平進行全面性改革的理念,幅度之廣,從放寬計劃生育政策及廢除勞教,到摒棄對利率的管制,看似政治、經濟、社會多管齊下,目的就是為了顯現其改革的決心。 儘管如此,相較於近代中國的幾位領導人,面對所謂的“改革”,習近平還是面臨了一個前所未有的挑戰,而這樣的困境,是中共前幾代領導人不曾遭遇過的。

Insurgency Trap

Author: Eli Friedman
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801470501
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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During the first decade of the twenty-first century, worker resistance in China increased rapidly despite the fact that certain segments of the state began moving in a pro-labor direction. In explaining this, Eli Friedman argues that the Chinese state has become hemmed in by an “insurgency trap” of its own devising and is thus unable to tame expansive worker unrest. Labor conflict in the process of capitalist industrialization is certainly not unique to China and indeed has appeared in a wide array of countries around the world. What is distinct in China, however, is the combination of postsocialist politics with rapid capitalist development. Other countries undergoing capitalist industrialization have incorporated relatively independent unions to tame labor conflict and channel insurgent workers into legal and rationalized modes of contention. In contrast, the Chinese state only allows for one union federation, the All China Federation of Trade Unions, over which it maintains tight control. Official unions have been unable to win recognition from workers, and wildcat strikes and other forms of disruption continue to be the most effective means for addressing workplace grievances. In support of this argument, Friedman offers evidence from Guangdong and Zhejiang provinces, where unions are experimenting with new initiatives, leadership models, and organizational forms.

Author: 柯宇倩
Publisher: 明鏡出版社
ISBN: 1630325457
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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中國向美國開了一份人數超過一千的“在美貪官名單”,多少反映出在習近平持續的高壓反腐下,為數眾多的貪官將資金、家人甚至自己轉移到國外。習近平接棒前,認為他第一任期內忙於鞏固權力,不會有大動作的大有人在,但現在,大概沒多少人覺得他還處在風雨飄搖的位置上;習上台才三年,已被冠上“紅帝”稱號。 習近平的打貪已讓眾多大小官員落馬,大家睜大眼睛等著看下一個被逮的高官是誰;一邊整頓官場的同時,習近平還要一邊處理經濟轉型、維族騷亂、香港爭普選,乃至外交上的主權爭議、全球權力版圖改變等問題。習近平的強勢作風會持續到何時?以習近平為首的領導班子,是用什麼角度來看待這些議題?他們的處理策略又是什麼?我們能否用歷史來檢視現今的中國問題?本書就這些主要議題採訪了多位專家,試圖讓讀者對現在的中共領導有更全面的認識。