Classical Mechanics

Author: Emmanuele DiBenedetto
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780817646486
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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* Offers a rigorous mathematical treatment of mechanics as a text or reference * Revisits beautiful classical material, including gyroscopes, precessions, spinning tops, effects of rotation of the Earth on gravity motions, and variational principles * Employs mathematics not only as a "unifying" language, but also to exemplify its role as a catalyst behind new concepts and discoveries

Mathematical Methods of Classical Physics

Author: Vicente Cortés
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319564633
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This short primer, geared towards students with a strong interest in mathematically rigorous approaches, introduces the essentials of classical physics, briefly points out its place in the history of physics and its relation to modern physics, and explains what benefits can be gained from a mathematical perspective. As a starting point, Newtonian mechanics is introduced and its limitations are discussed. This leads to and motivates the study of different formulations of classical mechanics, such as Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics, which are the subjects of later chapters. In the second part, a chapter on classical field theories introduces more advanced material. Numerous exercises are collected in the appendix.

Sixteenth International Congress on Mathematical Physics

Author: Pavel Exner
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981430462X
Format: PDF
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The International Congress on Mathematical Physics is the flagship conference in this exciting field. Convening every three years, it gives a survey on the progress achieved in all branches of mathematical physics. It also provides a superb platform to discuss challenges and new ideas. The present volume collects material from the XVIth ICMP which was held in Prague, August 2009, and features most of the plenary lectures and invited lectures in topical sessions as well as information on other parts of the congress program. This volume provides a broad coverage of the field of mathematical physics, from dominantly mathematical subjects to particle physics, condensed matter, and application of mathematical physics methods in various areas such as astrophysics and ecology, amongst others.

Essentials of Hamiltonian Dynamics

Author: John H. Lowenstein
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139504738
Format: PDF
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Classical dynamics is one of the cornerstones of advanced education in physics and applied mathematics, with applications across engineering, chemistry and biology. In this book, the author uses a concise and pedagogical style to cover all the topics necessary for a graduate-level course in dynamics based on Hamiltonian methods. Readers are introduced to the impressive advances in the field during the second half of the twentieth century, including KAM theory and deterministic chaos. Essential to these developments are some exciting ideas from modern mathematics, which are introduced carefully and selectively. Core concepts and techniques are discussed, together with numerous concrete examples to illustrate key principles. A special feature of the book is the use of computer software to investigate complex dynamical systems, both analytically and numerically. This text is ideal for graduate students and advanced undergraduates who are already familiar with the Newtonian and Lagrangian treatments of classical mechanics. The book is well suited to a one-semester course, but is easily adapted to a more concentrated format of one-quarter or a trimester. A solutions manual and introduction to Mathematica® are available online at www.cambridge.org/Lowenstein.

Modeling and Simulation of Aerospace Vehicle Dynamics

Author: Peter H. Zipfel
Publisher: AIAA
ISBN: 9781563474569
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book unifies all aspects of flight dynamics for the efficient development of aerospace vehicle simulations. It provides the reader with a complete set of tools to build, program, and execute simulations. Unlike other books, it uses tensors for modeling flight dynamics in a form invariant under coordinate transformations. For implementation, the tensors are converted to matrices, resulting in compact computer code. The reader can pick templates of missiles, aircraft, or hypersonic vehicles to jump-start a particular application. It is the only textbook that combines the theory of modeling with hands-on examples of three-, five-, and six-degree-of-freedom simulations. Included is a link to the CADAC Web Site where you may apply for the free CADAC CD with eight prototype simulations and plotting programs. Amply illustrated with 318 figures and 44 examples, the text can be used for advanced undergraduate and graduate instruction or for self-study. Also included are 77 problems that enhance the ability to model aerospace vehicles and nine projects that hone the skills for developing three-, five-, and six-degree-of-freedom simulations.

Mathematical Modeling for Complex Fluids and Flows

Author: Michel Deville
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364225294X
Format: PDF
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Mathematical Modeling for Complex Fluids and Flows provides researchers and engineering practitioners encountering fluid flows with state-of-the-art knowledge in continuum concepts and associated fluid dynamics. In doing so it supplies the means to design mathematical models of these flows that adequately express the engineering physics involved. It exploits the implicit link between the turbulent flow of classical Newtonian fluids and the laminar and turbulent flow of non-Newtonian fluids such as those required in food processing and polymeric flows. The book develops a descriptive mathematical model articulated through continuum mechanics concepts for these non-Newtonian, viscoelastic fluids and turbulent flows. Each complex fluid and flow is examined in this continuum context as well as in combination with the turbulent flow of viscoelastic fluids. Some details are also explored via kinetic theory, especially viscoelastic fluids and their treatment with the Boltzmann equation. Both solution and modeling strategies for turbulent flows are laid out using continuum concepts, including a description of constructing polynomial representations and accounting for non-inertial and curvature effects. Ranging from fundamental concepts to practical methodology, and including discussion of emerging technologies, this book is ideal for those requiring a single-source assessment of current practice in this intricate yet vital field.

Models of Science Dynamics

Author: Andrea Scharnhorst
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642230679
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Models of Science Dynamics aims to capture the structure and evolution of science, the emerging arena in which scholars, science and the communication of science become themselves the basic objects of research. In order to capture the essence of phenomena as diverse as the structure of co-authorship networks or the evolution of citation diffusion patterns, such models can be represented by conceptual models based on historical and ethnographic observations, mathematical descriptions of measurable phenomena, or computational algorithms. Despite its evident importance, the mathematical modeling of science still lacks a unifying framework and a comprehensive study of the topic. This volume fills this gap, reviewing and describing major threads in the mathematical modeling of science dynamics for a wider academic and professional audience. The model classes presented cover stochastic and statistical models, system-dynamics approaches, agent-based simulations, population-dynamics models, and complex-network models. The book comprises an introduction and a foundational chapter that defines and operationalizes terminology used in the study of science, as well as a review chapter that discusses the history of mathematical approaches to modeling science from an algorithmic-historiography perspective. It concludes with a survey of remaining challenges for future science models and their relevance for science and science policy.

Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics

Author: V.I. Arnol'd
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475720637
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book constructs the mathematical apparatus of classical mechanics from the beginning, examining basic problems in dynamics like the theory of oscillations and the Hamiltonian formalism. The author emphasizes geometrical considerations and includes phase spaces and flows, vector fields, and Lie groups. Discussion includes qualitative methods of the theory of dynamical systems and of asymptotic methods like averaging and adiabatic invariance.

Alternative Mathematical Theory of Non equilibrium Phenomena

Author: Dieter Straub
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080527079
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Alternative Mathematical Theory of Non-equilibrium Phenomena presents an entirely new theoretical approach to complex non-equilibrium phenomena, especially Gibbs/Falk thermodynamics and fluid mechanics. This innovative new theory allows for inclusion of all state variables and introduces a new vector-dissipation velocity-which leads to useful restatements of momentum, the Second Law, and tensors for the laws of motion, friction, and heat conduction. This application-oriented text is relatively self-contained and is an excellent guide-book for engineers with a strong interest in fundamentals, or for professionals using applied mathematics and physics in engineering applications. This book emphasizes macroscopic phenomena, focusing specifically on gaseous states, though relations to liquid and crystalline states are also considered. The author presents a new Alternative Continuum Theory of Compressible Fluids (AT) which providesa qualitative description of the subject in predominantly physical terms, minimizing the mathematical premises. The methodology discussed has applications in a wide range of fields outside of physics in areas including General System Theory, TheoreticalEconomics, and Biophysics and Medicine. Presents the first theory capable of handling non-equilibria phenomena Offers a unified theory of all branches of macroscopic physics Considers a consistent and uniform view of reality, supported by modern mathematics, leading to results different than those produced by classical theories Results in a change of paradigms in physics, engineering, and natural philosophy

Duality System in Applied Mechanics and Optimal Control

Author: Wan-Xie Zhong
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402078803
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A unified approach is proposed for applied mechanics and optimal control theory. The Hamilton system methodology in analytical mechanics is used for eigenvalue problems, vibration theory, gyroscopic systems, structural mechanics, wave-guide, LQ control, Kalman filter, robust control etc. All aspects are described in the same unified methodology. Numerical methods for all these problems are provided and given in meta-language, which can be implemented easily on the computer. Precise integration methods both for initial value problems and for two-point boundary value problems are proposed, which result in the numerical solutions of computer precision. Key Features of the text include: -Unified approach based on Hamilton duality system theory and symplectic mathematics. -Gyroscopic system vibration, eigenvalue problems. -Canonical transformation applied to non-linear systems. -Pseudo-excitation method for structural random vibrations. -Precise integration of two-point boundary value problems. -Wave propagation along wave-guides, scattering. -Precise solution of Riccati differential equations. -Kalman filtering. -HINFINITY theory of control and filter.