Cognitive and Instructional Processes in History and the Social Sciences

Author: Mario Carretero
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136483586
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume is a direct result of an international conference that brought together a number of scholars from Europe and the United States to discuss their ideas and research about cognitive and instructional processes in history and the social sciences. As such, it fills a major gap in the study of how people learn and reason in the context of particular subject matter domains and how instruction can be improved in order to facilitate better learning and reasoning. Previous cognitive work on subject matter learning has been focused primarily upon mathematics and physics; the present effort provides the first such venture examining the history and social science domains from a cognitive perspective. The different sections of the book cover topics related to comprehension, learning, and instruction of history and the social sciences, including: *the development of some social sciences concepts, *the teaching of social sciences -- problems and questions arising from this cognitive perspective of learning, *the comprehension and learning from historical texts, *how people and students understand historical causality and provide explanations of historical events, and *the deduction processes involved in reasoning about social sciences contents. This volume will be useful for primary and secondary school teachers and for cognitive and instructional researchers interested in problem solving and reasoning, text comprehension, domain-specific knowledge acquisition and concept development.

How Students Learn

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309133033
Format: PDF, ePub
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How do you get a fourth-grader excited about history? How do you even begin to persuade high school students that mathematical functions are relevant to their everyday lives? In this volume, practical questions that confront every classroom teacher are addressed using the latest exciting research on cognition, teaching, and learning. How Students Learn: History, Mathematics, and Science in the Classroom builds on the discoveries detailed in the bestselling How People Learn. Now, these findings are presented in a way that teachers can use immediately, to revitalize their work in the classroom for even greater effectiveness. Organized for utility, the book explores how the principles of learning can be applied in teaching history, science, and math topics at three levels: elementary, middle, and high school. Leading educators explain in detail how they developed successful curricula and teaching approaches, presenting strategies that serve as models for curriculum development and classroom instruction. Their recounting of personal teaching experiences lends strength and warmth to this volume. The book explores the importance of balancing students’ knowledge of historical fact against their understanding of concepts, such as change and cause, and their skills in assessing historical accounts. It discusses how to build straightforward science experiments into true understanding of scientific principles. And it shows how to overcome the difficulties in teaching math to generate real insight and reasoning in math students. It also features illustrated suggestions for classroom activities. How Students Learn offers a highly useful blend of principle and practice. It will be important not only to teachers, administrators, curriculum designers, and teacher educators, but also to parents and the larger community concerned about children’s education.

Writing as a Learning Tool

Author: Paivi Tynjala
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401007403
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book is an outstanding account of the current state of using writing in service of learning. It presents psychological and educational foundations of writing across the curriculum movement and describes writing-to-learn practices implemented at different levels of education. It provides concrete applications and ideas about how to enhance student learning by means of writing. It is useful for educators, curriculum developers, psychologists, cognitive scientists, writing researchers, and teachers.

School Subject Teaching

Author: Ashley Kent
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317844939
Format: PDF, ePub
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Covering each of the core curriculum areas in turn, this is a reference on school subject teaching. The authors assess the development of teaching within each subject area since the 1944 Education Act up to the year 2000. Future challenges are also explored.

The teacher educator s handbook

Author: Frank B. Murray
Publisher: Jossey-Bass Inc Pub
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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As education reform policies continue to increase their focus on improving teaching and teacher education, what do faculty in schools, departments, and colleges of education need to know to make well-informed decisions abut teacher education programs? In this comprehensive reference work, leading scholars focus on the issues, ideas, and research findings critical to the field of teacher education today.The Teacher Educator's Handbook details the base of opinion, information, and knowledge that supports the kinds of programs offered to our nation's prospective teachers, presenting research-based guidance for program design and structure. The book examines all the nonspecialized academic information that the teacher education faculty should know about each component of the teacher education program--including the subject disciplines, social foundations, learning theory, and programs structures and pedagogy. These issues are all set within the context of the broader issues facing educators today, such as school reform efforts, changing demographics and diversity, the nature of the school curriculum, types of educational research, and the advancement of educational scholarship.The Teacher Educator's Handbook will provide an indispensable resource for teacher educators in planning course content and curricula, setting program requirements, and responding to nationwide policies regarding accreditation and licensure standards for teachers. Most importantly, it will help prepare teachers with the professional knowledge and skills necessary to succeed in today's changing public schools.

Instructional Explanations in the Disciplines

Author: Mary Kay Stein
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441905949
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In today’s climate of accountability and standards, increasing attention is focused on teacher "quality," with less emphasis on what teachers actually do to interest and engage students in learning. This path-breaking volume addresses this research problem with a clear definition and a content-specific analysis of the most essential teaching moment—the instructional explanation—for vital new perspectives on educational method and process. Rich in examples from science, mathematics, and the humanities, Instructional Explanations in the Disciplines explores a variety of interactive contexts for teaching and learning, which may be collaborative between teachers, students, and others, performed in non-classroom settings, or assisted by technology. The book’s subject-matter-specific framework reveals key elements in the process, such as carefully examining the question to be answered, making connections with what is already known, and developing examples conducive to further understanding. Instructional Explanations in the Disciplines is a valuable addition to the education library, giving researchers new methods of unpacking educational process as few books before it.

CA Te Vol 2 Ancnt CIV Rflc 07

Author: HSP
Publisher: Hmh School
ISBN: 9780153424274
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Part of the History-social science series created to follow the California standards and framework, providing stories of important people, places, geography, and events.

Revision Cognitive and Instructional Processes

Author: Linda Allal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402077296
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book draws together current research on revision from two areas. The first is the large body of empirical work on the cognitive processes involved in the revision of written language production. This research looks at how operations of revision intervene during various phases of writing, at the resources or constraints (e.g., working memory load, content knowledge, strategy use) that affect revision and at developmental aspects of revision capabilities. The second area of research concerns the study of students learning to revise texts in instructional settings. This research examines the effects of instructional design conditions (structure and sequencing of tasks, strategy instruction, word processing) and the impact of peer interactions on student acquisition of revision skills.

International Encyclopedia of Social Behavioral Sciences

Author:
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0080548059
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This Encyclopedia is the first attempt in a generation to map the social and behavioral sciences on a grand scale. Not since the publication in 1968 of the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, edited by David L. Sills, has there been such an ambitious project to describe the state of the art in all the fields encompassed within the social and behavioral sciences. Available in both print (26 volumes) and online editions, it comprises 4,000 articles, commissioned by 52 Section Editors, and includes 90,000 bibliographic references as well as comprehensive name and subject indexes.