Cosmology

Author: Edward Harrison
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521661485
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Cosmology: The Science of the Universe is an introduction to past and present cosmological theory. For much of the world's history, cosmological thought was formulated in religious or philosophical language and was thus theological or metaphysical in nature. However, cosmological speculation and theory has now become a science in which the empirical discoveries of the astronomer, theoretical physicist, and biologist are woven into intricate models that attempt to account for the universe as a whole. Professor Harrison draws on the discoveries and speculations of these scientists to provide a comprehensive survey of man's current understanding of the universe and its history. Tracing the rise of the scientific method, the major aim of this book is to provide an elementary understanding of the physical universe of modern times. Thoroughly revised and updated, this second edition extends the much acclaimed first edition taking into account the many developments that have occurred.

Masks of the Universe

Author: Edward Harrison
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139437424
Format: PDF
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To the ancient Greeks the universe consisted of earth, air, fire, and water. To Saint Augustine it was the Word of God. To many modern scientists it is the dance of atoms and waves, and in years to come it may be different again. What then is the real Universe? History shows that in every age each society constructs its own universe, believing it to be the real and final Universe. Yet each universe is only a model or mask of the unknown Universe. Originally published in 2003, this book brings together fundamental scientific, philosophical, and religious issues in cosmology, raising thought-provoking questions. In every age people have pitied the universes of their ancestors, convinced that they have at last discovered the ultimate truth. Does the modern model stand at the threshold of discovering everything, or will it, like all the rest, come to be pitied?

The New Universe and the Human Future

Author: Nancy Ellen Abrams
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300167326
Format: PDF, ePub
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"Most people assume either that Earth was created as-is a few thousand years ago, or else that it's a lonely rock in endless space--although both assumptions are wrong. Meanwhile, global problems like climate destabilization, economic chaos, religious-justified violence, and exhaustion of planetary resources are escalating. These facts are connected. The new universe picture described in this book provides a believable new origin story and cosmic context, which help us to think for the first time on large enough time and size scales to see how to keep Earth and the human species healthy long into the future"--

Foundations of Modern Cosmology

Author: John F. Hawley
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019853096X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Recent discoveries in astronomy have revolutionized the field of cosmology. While many long-standing questions in cosmology have now been answered, the new data pose new mysteries such as the nature of the "dark energy" that dominates the universe. This second edition provides an accessible and thorough text on the physics of cosmology and a lively account of the modern concordance model of the universe, from the big bang to a distant future dominated by dark energy.

How Old Is the Universe

Author: David A. Weintraub
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691147314
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"Tells the story of how astronomers solved one of the most compelling mysteries in science and, along the way, introduces readers to fundamental concepts and cutting-edge advances in modern astronomy"--From publisher description.

The Unknown Universe A New Exploration of Time Space and Modern Cosmology

Author: Stuart Clark
Publisher: Pegasus Books
ISBN: 1681771934
Format: PDF, ePub
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A groundbreaking guide to the universe and how our latest deep-space discoveries are forcing us to revisit what we know—and what we don't. On March 21, 2013, the European Space Agency released a map of the afterglow of the Big Bang. Taking in 440 sextillion kilometres of space and 13.8 billion years of time, it is physically impossible to make a better map: we will never see the early universe in more detail. On the one hand, such a view is the apotheosis of modern cosmology, on the other, it threatens to undermine almost everything we hold cosmologically sacrosanct. The map contains anomalies that challenge our understanding of the universe. It will force us to revisit what is known and what is unknown, to construct a new model of our universe. This is the first book to address what will be an epoch-defining scientific paradigm shift. Stuart Clark will ask if Newton's famous laws of gravity need to be rewritten; if dark matter and dark energy are just celestial phantoms? Can we ever know what happened before the Big Bang? What’s at the bottom of a black hole? Are there universes beyond our own? Does time exist? Are the once immutable laws of physics changing?

A Different Approach to Cosmology

Author: F. Hoyle
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521662239
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This is a different kind of book about cosmology, a field of major interest to professional astronomers, physicists, and the general public. All research in cosmology adopts one model of the universe, the hot big bang model. But Fred Hoyle, Geoffrey Burbidge and Jayant Narlikar take a different approach. Starting with the beginnings of modern cosmology, they then conduct a wide ranging and deep review of the observations made from 1945 to the present day. Here they challenge many conventional interpretations. The latter part of the book presents the authors' own account of the present status of observations and how they should be explained. The controversial theme is that the dependency on the hot big bang model has led to an unwarranted rejection of alternative cosmological models. Writing from the heart, with passion and punch, these three cosmologists make a powerful case for viewing the universe in a different light.

Elementary Cosmology

Author: James J Kolata
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1681741644
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Cosmology is the study of the origin, size, and evolution of the entire universe. Every culture has developed a cosmology, whether it be based on religious, philosophical, or scientific principles. In this book, the evolution of the scientific understanding of the Universe in Western tradition is traced from the early Greek philosophers to the most modern 21st century view. After a brief introduction to the concept of the scientific method, the first part of the book describes the way in which detailed observations of the Universe, first with the naked eye and later with increasingly complex modern instruments, ultimately led to the development of the "Big Bang" theory. The second part of the book traces the evolution of the Big Bang including the very recent observation that the expansion of the Universe is itself accelerating with time.

Weaving the Universe

Author: Paul S. Wesson
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814313947
Format: PDF
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A thorough but short review of the history and present status of ideas in cosmology. The book is aimed at a broad audience, but will contain a few equations where needed to make the argument exact.

How The Universe Works Introduction To Modern Cosmology

Author: Parnowski Aleksei S
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813234962
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book is about the history and the current state of the art in the exciting field of cosmology — the science about the Universe as a whole, which is guaranteed to attract the attention of a wide range of readers. It mostly aims to explain the main ideas of modern cosmology: the expanding Universe, its creation in a Big Bang, its evolution, characteristics, and structure, as well as issues — dark matter and dark energy, black holes and other exotic objects etc. It also answers most frequently asked questions about cosmology. How the Universe Works stands between a popular science book and a textbook, acting as a sort of a bridge across the great chasm separating popular science from true science. It can be also used as an introductory textbook for undergraduate students. It is also suitable for the non-experts in cosmology who wish to have an overview of the current state of the field. It is different from most popular science books because it avoids cutting corners in explanations and contains justification for various assumptions or estimations made in cosmology. It does not hide problems faced by modern cosmology as well as issues the community has no consensus about. It also does not try to pass hypotheses for established theories, which is not uncommon in scholarly articles. Contents: The Laws of the UniverseThe Expanding UniverseEarly UniverseDark MatterDark EnergyBlack Holes and Other Exotics Readership: Students and teachers, also suitable for the general public, together with astronomy enthusiasts. Keywords: Cosmology;Popular Science;Physics;Gravitation;Relativity;Astrophysics;Universe;Big BangReview: Key Features: The book offers high-quality popular description of cosmology and related subjects, aimed both at general audience and professional scientists from other fieldsThe book contains detailed and comprehensive explanations of all main cosmological issues, as well as the latest available data and results with due discussionThe book contains the derivation of cosmological equations without the use of the complicated mathematical formalism of General Relativity, and thus can be used as a basic textbook