Cross Language Studies of Learning to Read and Spell

Author: C.K. Leong
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401711976
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The present volume is based on the proceedings of the Advanced Study Institute (AS I) sponsored by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) held in Alvor, Algarve, Portugal. A number of scholars from different countries participated in the two-week institute on Cognitive and linguistic aspects of reading, writing, and spelling. The present papers are further versions with modifications and refinements from those presented at the Advanced Study Institute. Several people and organizations have helped us in this endeavor and their assistance is gratefully acknowledged. Our special thanks are to: the Scientific Affairs division of NATO for providing the major portions of the financial support, Dr. L.V. da Cunha of NATO and Dr. THo Kester and Mrs. Barbara Kester of the International Transfer of Science and Technology of the various aspects of the institute; and (ITST) for their help and support the staff of Hotel Alvor Praia for making our stay a pleasant one by helping us to run the institute smoothly.

Handbook of Early Childhood Literacy

Author: Nigel Hall
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761974376
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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`This volume examines early literacy research on a global scale, and puts social, cultural and historical analyses in the front seat, without losing sight of individual and family-level matters in the process. It is comprehensive, ground-breaking, and provocative and should help literacy researchers to think differently about the field' - Marjorie Faulstich Orellana School of Education and Social Policy, Northwestern University `No other publication that I am aware of brings together views from such diverse disciplines, contributing to a comprehensive statement about early childhood literacy. The Handbook not only reviews the current field of situated literacy but presents some important and exciting new research. It is a significant resource which promises to become a landmark text' - Eve Bearne, University of Cambridge, Faculty of Education `This Handbook brings together an astonishing array of writers who explore contemporary political, cultural and cognitive understandings of early childhood literacy. Literacy and literacy acquisition are broadly defined here to encompass not just traditional notions of reading and writing, but multimodalities, multiliteracies, and critical literacies... It is rich and comprehensive, an invaluable resource for scholars, educators, and students of early childhood literacy' - Elsa Auerbach, Professor of English, University of Massachusetts, Boston `This book is unique in its broad consideration of topics and its global focus... I particularly appreciate how the Editors have situated current research in an historical context. They have also included development issues, pedagogy, research, and the newest areas of interest - critical literacy and popular culture' - Diane Barone, University of Nevada, Reno `The editors and their contributors place a strong emphasis on literacy as a social practice that occurs outside school settings. This broad interpretation is a healthy counter-blast to the current political views and legislation in many developed countries and should be welcomed by practitioners. Another very welcome dimension is the 'can do' approach that celebrates young children's literacy achievements... This is an informative and insightful text for researchers and students to dip into and think about for some years to come' - Marian Whithead writing in Nursery World `An inspired and stimulating read aimed at researchers, academics, professionals and students in the fields of early years education and research and early childhood literacy. It will also be of interest to those working in other disciplines such as cultural studies and sociology. I think this collection of work by the range of authors, some of which are the most distinguished and renowned in the field, not only represents real value for money but also makes an essential, in-depth, perceptive and invaluable contribution to this relatively new and dynamic field. It offers some cutting edge, contemporary and exciting material combined with well founded wisdom and indeed, excellent sources for further reading' - British Journal of Educational Studies In recent years there has been a virtual revolution in early childhood studies, with a mass of books and papers seeking to re-examine and reposition childhood. At the same time an equally significant area has developed within literacy studies, reflecting a growing interest in the nature of literacy as a socially situated phenomenon. There is increased interest in literacy as a multimodal concept in which symbolic meaning is a central concept, rather than more conventional and narrower notions of literacy. The Handbook of Early Childhood Literacy is central in providing access to all these different perspectives. The Handbook offers a way through the vast diversity of publications on early childhood literacy by providing comprehensive and up-to-date reviews of research and thinking in early childhood literacy. The arrangement of chapters reflects a contemporary perspective on research into early childhood literacy. Major sections include: the global world of early childhood literacy; childhood literacy and family, community and culture; the development of literacy in early childhood; pedagogy and early childhood literacy and researching early childhood literacy. Contributions by leading authorities focus on literacy as a socially situated and global experience, one that is evolving in relation to changes in contemporary culture and technological innovation.

Literacy Acquisition

Author: R. Malatesha Joshi
Publisher: Ios PressInc
ISBN: 9781586033606
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Even though comprehension is the ultimate goal of reading, word recognition skills have received a considerable amount of research attention. On the other hand, orthographic awareness, or sensitivity to the visual representation of language as it is conditioned by morphological and phonological factors, has received much less attention. This publication aims to address the nature of orthography as it relates to reading. It is divided into four sections that pertain to phonological sensitivity in reading and writing, the role of orthography in reading, spelling, and the integration of orthography and phonology in learning to read. The first section gives evidence that in addition to explicit teaching of basic decoding skills, metalinguistic knowledge or epilanguage that children bring into reading is also important. Section two presents the role of orthography from the perspective of the Dual Coding Theory (DCT) of reading, according to which cognition consists of two coding systems; one specializes for language and the other for nonverbal world knowledge. The third section deals with some research studies on spelling. It explores the relationship between reading and spelling in Spanish and show that they are inter-related. Their study also suggests that reading experience improves spelling performance. The last section deals with the integration of orthography and phonology in learning to read. It explains the orthography of Greek, Japanese, and Brahmi writing systems. It is shown that children should have some knowledge of the orthographic principles in order to become good sight word readers.

Reading and Writing Disorders in Different Orthographic Systems

Author: P. G. Aaron
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940091041X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Even though Specific Reading Disability (Dyslexia) has been clinically recognized as a developmental learning disorder for nearly a hundred years. only within the past two decades it has become the subject of major experimental investigation. Because. by definition. dyslexic children are of average or superior intelligence. it is often suspected that some arcane feature of the written language is responsible for the inordinate difficulty experienced by these children in learning to read. The occasional claim that developmental dyslexia is virtually nonexistent in some languages coupled with the fact that languages differ in their writing systems has further rendered orthography a subject of serious investigation. The present Volume represents a collection of preliminary reports of investigations that explored the relationship between orthography and reading disabilities in different languages. Even though not explicitly stated. these reports are concerned with the question whether or not some orthographies are easier to learn to read and write than others. One dimension on which orthographies differ from each other is the kind of relationship they bear to pronunciation. The orthographies examined in this book range from the ones that have a simple one-to one grapheme-phoneme relationship to those which have a more complex relationship.

The Cambridge Handbook of Communication Disorders

Author: Louise Cummings
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107021235
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Many children and adults experience impairment of their communication skills. These communication disorders impact adversely on all aspects of these individuals' lives. In thirty dedicated chapters, The Cambridge Handbook of Communication Disorders examines the full range of developmental and acquired communication disorders and provides the most up-to-date and comprehensive guide to the epidemiology, aetiology and clinical features of these disorders. The volume also examines how these disorders are assessed and treated by speech and language therapists and addresses recent theoretical developments in the field. The handbook goes beyond well-known communication disorders to include populations such as children with emotional disturbance, adults with non-Alzheimer dementias and people with personality disorders. Each chapter describes in accessible terms the most recent thinking and research in communication disorders. The volume is an ideal guide for academic researchers, graduate students and professionals in speech and language therapy.

Improving Adult Literacy Outcomes

Author: Helen Abadzi
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821354930
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Despite an estimated one billion adults who are illiterate in the world, adult literacy programmes in developing countries remain severely underfunded and with limited outcomes. Efforts to improve this situation have tended to focus on institutional and social issues, rather than research into cognitive and memory functions and studies regarding learning techniques. This publication explores cognitive research findings and applies this to the design of adult literacy programmes and acquisition of literacy by unschooled adults in lower-income countries.

Dyslexia A Global Issue

Author: Rattihalli N. Malatesha
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400969295
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Maratea, Italy, October 10-22, 1982

Language Interpretation and Communication

Author: D. Gerver
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461590779
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Language Interpretation and Communication: a NATO Symposium, was a multi-disciplinary meeting held from September 26 to October 1st 1977 at the Giorgio Cini Foundation on the Isle of San Giorgio Maggiore in Venice. The Symposium explored both applied and theoretical aspects of conference interpre tation and of sign language interpretation. The Symposium was sponsored by the Scientific Affairs Division of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, and we would like to express our thanks to Dr. B. A. Bayrakter of the Scientific Affairs Division and to the Members of the NATO Special Programme Panel on Human Factors for their support. We would also like to thank Dr. F. Benvenutti and his colleagues at the University of Venice for their generous provision of facilities and hospitality for the opening session of the Symposium. Our thanks are also due to Dr. Ernesto Talentino and his colleagues at the Giorgio Cini Foundation who provided such excellent conference facilities and thus helped ensure the success of the meeting. Finally, we would like to express our appreciation and thanks to Becky Graham and Carol Blair for their invaluable contributions to the organization of the Symposium, to Ida Stevenson who prepared these proceedings for publication, and to Donald I. MacLeod who assisted with the final preparation of the manuscript.

Machine Translation and the Information Soup

Author: David Farwell
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540494782
Format: PDF, Docs
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Machine Translation and the Information Soup! Over the past fty years, machine translation has grown from a tantalizing dream to a respectable and stable scienti c-linguistic enterprise, with users, c- mercial systems, university research, and government participation. But until very recently, MT has been performed as a relatively distinct operation, so- what isolated from other text processing. Today, this situation is changing rapidly. The explosive growth of the Web has brought multilingual text into the reach of nearly everyone with a computer. We live in a soup of information, an increasingly multilingual bouillabaisse. And to partake of this soup, we can use MT systems together with more and more tools and language processing technologies|information retrieval engines, - tomated text summarizers, and multimodal and multilingual displays. Though some of them may still be rather experimental, and though they may not quite t together well yet, it is clear that the future will o er text manipulation systems that contain all these functions, seamlessly interconnected in various ways.