Crystals Defects and Microstructures

Author: Rob Phillips
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521793575
Format: PDF, Docs
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Examines the advances made in the field in recent years and looks at the various methods now used; ideal for graduate students and researchers.

Modeling Materials

Author: Ellad B. Tadmor
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139500651
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Material properties emerge from phenomena on scales ranging from Angstroms to millimeters, and only a multiscale treatment can provide a complete understanding. Materials researchers must therefore understand fundamental concepts and techniques from different fields, and these are presented in a comprehensive and integrated fashion for the first time in this book. Incorporating continuum mechanics, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, atomistic simulations and multiscale techniques, the book explains many of the key theoretical ideas behind multiscale modeling. Classical topics are blended with new techniques to demonstrate the connections between different fields and highlight current research trends. Example applications drawn from modern research on the thermo-mechanical properties of crystalline solids are used as a unifying focus throughout the text. Together with its companion book, Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics (Cambridge University Press, 2011), this work presents the complete fundamentals of materials modeling for graduate students and researchers in physics, materials science, chemistry and engineering.

Materials Science Reading Sampler

Author: Wiley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111860590X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The 2013 Materials Science eBook Sampler includes select material from seven Materials Science titles. Titles are from a number of Wiley imprints including Wiley, Wiley-VCH, Wiley-American Ceramic Society, Wiley-Scrivener and Wiley-The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society. The material that is included for each selection is the book’s full Table of Contents as well as a sample chapter. If you would like to read more from these books, you can purchase the full book or e-book at your favorite online retailer.

Integrated Computational Materials Engineering ICME for Metals

Author: Mark F. Horstemeyer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118022521
Format: PDF
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State-of-the-technology tools for designing, optimizing, and manufacturing new materials Integrated computational materials engineering (ICME) uses computational materials science tools within a holistic system in order to accelerate materials development, improve design optimization, and unify design and manufacturing. Increasingly, ICME is the preferred paradigm for design, development, and manufacturing of structural products. Written by one of the world's leading ICME experts, this text delivers a comprehensive, practical introduction to the field, guiding readers through multiscale materials processing modeling and simulation with easy-to-follow explanations and examples. Following an introductory chapter exploring the core concepts and the various disciplines that have contributed to the development of ICME, the text covers the following important topics with their associated length scale bridging methodologies: Macroscale continuum internal state variable plasticity and damage theory and multistage fatigue Mesoscale analysis: continuum theory methods with discrete features and methods Discrete dislocation dynamics simulations Atomistic modeling methods Electronics structures calculations Next, the author provides three chapters dedicated to detailed case studies, including "From Atoms to Autos: A Redesign of a Cadillac Control Arm," that show how the principles and methods of ICME work in practice. The final chapter examines the future of ICME, forecasting the development of new materials and engineering structures with the help of a cyberinfrastructure that has been recently established. Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) for Metals is recommended for both students and professionals in engineering and materials science, providing them with new state-of-the-technology tools for selecting, designing, optimizing, and manufacturing new materials. Instructors who adopt this text for coursework can take advantage of PowerPoint lecture notes, a questions and solutions manual, and tutorials to guide students through the models and codes discussed in the text.

Understanding Materials Science

Author: Rolf E. Hummel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387209395
Format: PDF
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It is also intended to raise the readers' awareness of their obligations to society as practicing engineers and scientists."--BOOK JACKET.

Physical Biology of the Cell

Author: Rob Phillips
Publisher: Garland Science
ISBN: 1134111584
Format: PDF
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Physical Biology of the Cell is a textbook for a first course in physical biology or biophysics for undergraduate or graduate students. It maps the huge and complex landscape of cell and molecular biology from the distinct perspective of physical biology. As a key organizing principle, the proximity of topics is based on the physical concepts that unite a given set of biological phenomena. Herein lies the central premise: that the appropriate application of a few fundamental physical models can serve as the foundation of whole bodies of quantitative biological intuition, useful across a wide range of biological problems. The Second Edition features full-color illustrations throughout, two new chapters, a significantly expanded set of end-of-chapter problems, and is available in a variety of e-book formats.

Sync

Author: Steven H. Strogatz
Publisher: Hachette Books
ISBN: 140130446X
Format: PDF, ePub
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At the heart of the universe is a steady, insistent beat, the sound of cycles in sync. Along the tidal rivers of Malaysia, thousands of fireflies congregate and flash in unison; the moon spins in perfect resonance with its orbit around the earth; our hearts depend on the synchronous firing of ten thousand pacemaker cells. While the forces that synchronize the flashing of fireflies may seem to have nothing to do with our heart cells, there is in fact a deep connection. Synchrony is a science in its infancy, and Strogatz is a pioneer in this new frontier in which mathematicians and physicists attempt to pinpoint just how spontaneous order emerges from chaos. From underground caves in Texas where a French scientist spent six months alone tracking his sleep-wake cycle, to the home of a Dutch physicist who in 1665 discovered two of his pendulum clocks swinging in perfect time, this fascinating book spans disciplines, continents, and centuries. Engagingly written for readers of books such as Chaos and The Elegant Universe, Sync is a tour-de-force of nonfiction writing.

Nanoscale materials and modeling relations among processing microstructure and mechanical properties

Author: Materials Research Society
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781558997714
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This new volume from MRS addresses structure-processing-mechanical property relations in nanoscale materials. Specific systems, such as single and multilayer thin films, nanodots, nanoporous and nanocomposite materials, and nanostructured metals and alloys are featured. A focus session on theory, modeling, and simulation of mechanical properties at the nanoscale, and another on grain boundaries and interfaces in nanoscale materials, are included, the latter as a joint session with Symposium N - Interfacial Engineering for Optimized Properties. The first three parts of the volume are devoted to processing methods for nanostructured materials, including vapor and electro-deposition techniques, mechanical deformation such as ball milling and ECAP, and elevated temperature techniques such as sintering and solidification. Part IV is devoted to internal stress and the physics of strengthening mechanisms at the nanoscale. The remaining two parts highlight mechanical properties such as stress-strain and nanoindentation response, texture development, ductility, fracture, and fatigue. Typically, each part is ordered with experimental contributions appearing first, followed by papers describing related modeling and simulation. The first three parts emphasize processing-structure and processing-mechanical properties relations, while the latter three parts emphasize structure-mechanical properties relations.

Thermodynamics Microstructures and Plasticity

Author: Alphonse Finel
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Pub
ISBN: 9781402013676
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book is a comprehensive assessment of the various theoretical and numerical methods currently in use to investigate microstructural transformations and mechanical properties of inhomogeneous systems, from the atomic scale to the macroscopic: kinetic mean-field theories, Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations, Ginzburg-Landau and phase field methods as applied to plasticity and microstructure transformation, discrete and stochastic dislocation dynamics, and cluster dynamics. Extensive surveys of major physical processes include: solidification, microstructural evolution in single and polycrystalline systems under internal and applied stress, high temperature plasticity, recrystallization, large plastic strain in multiphase systems, fatigue, fracture, diffusive transformations, and fine grained materials.