Electrochemical Microsystem Technologies

Author: J. Walter Schultze
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203219218
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Driven by the electronics industry, electrochemical technology has rapidly evolved, finding increasing applications in microelectronics, batteries, sensors, materials science, industrial fabrication, corrosion, microbiology, neurobiology and medicine. Electrochemical Microsystem Technologies provides an overview of the technological status; the development of micropatternings and micro-biosensors; and the applications of micropower with electrochemical microsystems. This book covers a wide spectrum of issues ranging from fundamental electrochemical processes to their applications in micro- and nanofabrication, microanalyses, microsensing, and their interaction with inorganic surfaces and biological systems. The editors provide comprehensive background to unique processes, such as the technological development of miniaturization, microfabrication, thin film deposition, etching, cleaning, planarization, and silicon processing technologies to introduce a wide range of applications in context. More than 40 internationally recognized industry, research, and medical experts provide insight on the current status and future trends in their fields. They also highlight the impact of applying electrochemical microsystem technologies on industries such as storage and packaging; microelectronics, sensors, and portable electronics; machining, polishing, anodization, and plating technologies in heavy industries; biosensing, biological implant technology, and neurobiology; and cross-disciplinary integrated systems. Electrochemical Microsystem Technologies is a valuable reference for graduate/postgraduate students, technologists, and researchers working in the field of electrochemical technology.

Electrochemical Micromachining for Nanofabrication MEMS and Nanotechnology

Author: Bijoy Bhattacharyya
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 032335288X
Format: PDF
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Electrochemical Micromachining for Nanofabrication, MEMS and Nanotechnology is the first book solely dedicated to electrochemical micromachining (EMM). It begins with fundamentals, techniques, processes, and conditions, continuing with in-depth discussions of mechanisms of material removal, including an empirical model on the material removal rate for EMM (supported by experimental validation). The book moves next to construction-related features of EMM setup suitable for industrial micromachining applications, varying types of EMM, and the latest developments in the improvement of EMM setup. Further, it covers power supply, roll of electrolyte, and other major factors influencing EMM processes, and reports research findings concerning the improvement of machining accuracy and efficiency. Finally, the book devotes a chapter to the design and development of micro-tools, one of the most vital components in EMM. Covers the generation of micro features used for advanced engineering of materials for fabrication of MEMS, microsystems and other micro-engineering applications Explores the trend of decreasing size of fabricated devices, reflected in coverage of generation of high-precision nano-features on metal and semiconductors utilizing SPM, STM, and AFM, and nanotechnology aspects of EMM Describes nanofabrication utilizing anodic dissolutions for mass manufacturing by overcoming obstacles utilizing electrochemical microsystem technology (EMST) and electrochemical nanotechnology (ENT)

Electrochemical Nanotechnologies

Author: Tetsuya Osaka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441914248
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In this book, the term "electrochemical nanotechnology" is defined as nanoprocessing by means of electrochemical techniques. This introductory book reviews the application of electrochemical nanotechnologies with the aim of understanding their wider applicability in evolving nanoindustries. These advances have impacted microelectronics, sensors, materials science, and corrosion science, generating new fields of research that promote interaction between biology, medicine, and microelectronics. This volume reviews nanotechnology applications in selected high technology areas with particular emphasis on advances in such areas. Chapters are classified under four different headings: Nanotechnology for energy devices - Nanotechnology for magnetic storage devices - Nanotechnology for bio-chip applications - Nanotechnology for MEMS/Packaging.

Handbook of Electrochemistry

Author: Cynthia G. Zoski
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444519580
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Electrochemistry plays a key role in a broad range of research and applied areas including the exploration of new inorganic and organic compounds, biochemical and biological systems, corrosion, energy applications involving fuel cells and solar cells, and nanoscale investigations. The Handbook of Electrochemistry serves as a source of electrochemical information, providing details of experimental considerations, representative calculations, and illustrations of the possibilities available in electrochemical experimentation. The book is divided into five parts: Fundamentals, Laboratory Practical, Techniques, Applications, and Data. The first section covers the fundamentals of electrochemistry which are essential for everyone working in the field, presenting an overview of electrochemical conventions, terminology, fundamental equations, and electrochemical cells, experiments, literature, textbooks, and specialized books. Part 2 focuses on the different laboratory aspects of electrochemistry which is followed by a review of the various electrochemical techniques ranging from classical experiments to scanning electrochemical microscopy, electrogenerated chemiluminesence and spectroelectrochemistry. Applications of electrochemistry include electrode kinetic determinations, unique aspects of metal deposition, and electrochemistry in small places and at novel interfaces and these are detailed in Part 4. The remaining three chapters provide useful electrochemical data and information involving electrode potentials, diffusion coefficients, and methods used in measuring liquid junction potentials. * serves as a source of electrochemical information * includes useful electrochemical data and information involving electrode potentials, diffusion coefficients, and methods used in measuring liquid junction potentials * reviews electrochemical techniques (incl. scanning electrochemical microscopy, electrogenerated chemiluminesence and spectroelectrochemistry)

Electrocrystallization in nanotechnology

Author: Georgi Staikov
Publisher: Vch Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh
ISBN: 9783527315154
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Here, the well-known editor in the field of electrocrystallization and his team of excellent international authors guarantee the high quality of the contributions. Clearly structured in two main parts, this book reviews the fundamentals and applications of electrocrystallization processes in nanotechnology. The first part, "Fundamentals" covers the basic concepts of electrocrystallization, computer simulations of low-dimensional metal phase formation, electrodeposition in templates and nanocavities, nanoscale electrocrystallization from ionic liquids, and superconformal electrodeposition of metals. The second part, "Preparation and properties of nanostructures", includes nanostructuring by STM tip induced localized electrocrystallization of metals, fabrication of ordered anodic nanoporous Al2O3 layers and their application, preparation of nanogaps, nanocontacts, nanowires and nanodots by selective electrochemical deposition, as well as electrodeposition of magnetic nanostructures and multilayers.

Microelectronic Packaging

Author: M. Datta
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203473689
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Microelectronic Packaging analyzes the massive impact of electrochemical technologies on various levels of microelectronic packaging. Traditionally, interconnections within a chip were considered outside the realm of packaging technologies, but this book emphasizes the importance of chip wiring as a key aspect of microelectronic packaging, and focuses on electrochemical processing as an enabler of advanced chip metallization. Divided into five parts, the book begins by outlining the basics of electrochemical processing, defining the microelectronic packaging hierarchy, and emphasizing the impact of electrochemical technology on packaging. The second part discusses chip metallization topics including the development of robust barrier layers and alternative metallization materials. Part III explores key aspects of chip-package interconnect technologies, followed by Part IV's analysis of packages, boards, and connectors which covers materials development, technology trends in ceramic packages and multi-chip modules, and electroplated contact materials. Illustrating the importance of processing tools in enabling technology development, the book concludes with chapters on chemical mechanical planarization, electroplating, and wet etching/cleaning tools. Experts from industry, universities, and national laboratories submitted reviews on each of these subjects, capturing the technological advances made in each area. A detailed examination of how packaging responds to the challenges of Moore's law, this book serves as a timely and valuable reference for microelectronic packaging and processing professionals and other industrial technologists.