Environmental Degradation of Industrial Composites

Author: Celine A Mahieux
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080531052
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Thanks to their low density and tailored properties, polymer matrix composites are attractive candidates for a large number of industrial applications ranging from aerospace to transportation and energy. However, the behaviour of polymer-based materials is strongly affected by a number of environmental factors. Environmental Degradation in Industrial Composites provides vital information on the effects of environmental factors such as temperature, liquid and gas exposure, electrical fields and radiations, and how micro- and micromechanical calculations during design and manufacture must take these effects into account. The book concludes with reviews on standard and specific testing methods for the various environmental factors and their combinations, helping mechanical/materials engineers and specifiers to predict possible changes due to environmental conditions. Each chapter is supplemented by industrial case studies to help in the understanding of degradation of composites in real life situations. This book will help you to... * Understand how environmental factors lead to degradation effects in polymer matrix composite structures * Build these factors into calculations when predicting the part performance and lifetime of structures * Compare real-life situations from case studies with your predicted results * Predict probable composite behaviour with greater accuracy This book will help you to... * Understand how environmental factors lead to degradation effects in polymer matrix composite structures * Build these factors into calculations when predicting the part performance and lifetime of structures * Compare real-life situations from case studies with your predicted results * Predict probable composite behaviour with greater accuracy

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials

Author: Myer Kutz
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0815517491
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Industry pays an enormous price for material degradation. The Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials outlines these costs, but more importantly, explains how to measure, analyze, and prevent environmental degradation for a wide range of indsutrial materials. Experts from around the world share how a diverse set of industries cope with the degradation of metals, polymers, reinforced concrete, clothing, and wood under adverse environmental conditions such as weather, seawater, and fire. Case studies show how organizations from small consulting firms to corporate giants design and manufacture products that are more resistant to environmental effects. By implementing these standards companies of all sizes should realize savings beneficial to their operations.

Fibrous Polymeric Composites

Author: Bankim Chandra Ray
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0429013949
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In the realm of fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) composite materials, the role of fibre/polymer interface/interphase in the overall properties of composite is widely acknowledged. The book will provide critical information regarding the in-service environmental damage and degradation studies of FRP composites. The readers will be able to identify the possible superior advantages and limitations of FRP composites in various simple and super critical applications. Further emphasis will be given on the identification of various failure micro-mechanisms leading to unprecedented failure in different harsh and hostile environment. The book will include the relevant case studies.

Biocomposites for High Performance Applications

Author: Dipa Ray
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081007949
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Biocomposites for High-Performance Applications: Current Barriers and Future Needs Towards Industrial Development focuses on future research directions that will make biocomposites a successful player in the field of high-strength structural applications. With contributions from eminent academic researchers and industrial experts who have first-hand experience on the advantages/disadvantages of biocomposites in their daily lives, the book examines the industrial development of biocomposite products, identifying the current barriers and their future industrial needs Topics covered include: recent research activities from academia in the biocomposite research field, valuable thoughts and insights from biocomposite manufacturing industries, the strength and weaknesses of biocomposite products, and the practical issues that need to be addressed to reach the next level. Highlights the practical issues involved in biocomposites research Contains contributions from eminent academic researchers and industrial experts Discusses recent research activities from academia in the biocomposite research field, along with valuable thoughts and insights from biocomposite manufacturing industries

Environmental Degradation of Advanced and Traditional Engineering Materials

Author: Lloyd H. Hihara
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439819262
Format: PDF, Mobi
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One of the main, ongoing challenges for any engineering enterprise is that systems are built of materials subject to environmental degradation. Whether working with an airframe, integrated circuit, bridge, prosthetic device, or implantable drug-delivery system, understanding the chemical stability of materials remains a key element in determining their useful life. Environmental Degradation of Advanced and Traditional Engineering Materials is a monumental work for the field, providing comprehensive coverage of the environmental impacts on the full breadth of materials used for engineering infrastructure, buildings, machines, and components. The book discusses fundamental degradation processes and presents examples of degradation under various environmental conditions. Each chapter presents the basic properties of the class of material, followed by detailed characteristics of degradation, guidelines on how to protect against corrosion, and a description of testing procedures. A complete, self-contained industrial reference guide, this valuable resource is designed for students and professionals interested in the development of deterioration-resistant technological systems constructed with metallurgical, polymeric, ceramic, and natural materials.

Durability of Composites in a Marine Environment

Author: Peter Davies
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400774176
Format: PDF
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Composites are widely used in marine applications. There is considerable experience of glass reinforced resins in boats and ships but these are usually not highly loaded. However, for new areas such as offshore and ocean energy there is a need for highly loaded structures to survive harsh conditions for 20 years or more. High performance composites are therefore being proposed. This book provides an overview of the state of the art in predicting the long term durability of composite marine structures. The following points are covered: • Modelling water diffusion • Damage induced by water • Accelerated testing • Including durability in design • In-service experience. This is essential reading for all those involved with composites in the marine industry, from initial design and calculation through to manufacture and service exploitation. It also provides information unavailable elsewhere on the mechanisms involved in degradation and how to take account of them. Ensuring long term durability is not only necessary for safety reasons, but will also determine the economic viability of future marine structures.

Green Composites

Author: Caroline Baillie
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849325762
Format: PDF, ePub
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With an internationally recognized team of contributors, Green Composites examines fibre reinforced polymer composite production and explains how environmental footprints can be diminished at every stage of the life cycle. The introductory chapters examine why green composites should be considered. The book then discusses properties of cellulose and wood. It examines recyclable synthetic fibre-thermoplastic composites as alternatives, then covers polymers derived from natural sources. The text details the factors that influence properties, and considers clean processing, applications, recycling, degradation, and reprocessing. The book is essential for government agricultural departments, automotive companies, and others devoted to eco-friendly materials and production.

Durability of Composites for Civil Structural Applications

Author: Vistasp M. Karbhari
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845693566
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Given the increasing use of fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites in structural civil engineering, there is a vital need for critical information related to the overall durability and performance of these new materials under harsh and changing conditions. Durability of composites for civil and structural applications provides a thorough overview of key aspects of the durability of FRP composites for designers and practising engineers. Part one discusses general aspects of composite durability. Chapters examine mechanisms of degradation such as moisture, aqueous solutions, UV radiation, temperature, fatigue and wear. Part two then discusses ways of using FRP composites, including strengthening and rehabilitating existing structures with FRP composites, and monitoring techniques such as structural health monitoring. Durability of composites for civil and structural applications provides practising engineers, decision makers and students with a useful and fundamental guide to the use of FRP composites within civil and structural engineering. Provides a thorough overview of key aspects of the durability of composites Examines mechanisms of degradation such as aqueous solutions, moisture, fatigue and wear Discusses ways of using FRP composites, including strengthening and rehabilitating existing structures

Going to Extremes

Author: Committee on Durability and Life Prediction of Polymer Matrix Composites in Extreme Environments
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309097150
Format: PDF, ePub
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Advanced polymer matrix composites (PMC) have many advantages such as light weight and high specific strength that make them useful for many aerospace applications. Enormous uncertainty exists, however, in predicting long-term changes in properties of PMCs under extreme environmental conditions, which has limited their use. To help address this issue, the Department of Defense requested a study from the NRC to identify the barriers and limitations to the use of PMCs in extreme environments. The study was to focus on issues surrounding methodologies for predicting long-term performance. This report provides a review of the challenges facing application of PMCs in extreme environments, the current understanding of PMC properties and behavior, an analysis of the importance of data in developing effective models, and recommendations for improving long-term predictive methodologies.

Challenges In Mechanics of Time Dependent Materials and Processes in Conventional and Multifunctional Materials Volume 2

Author: Bonnie Antoun
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319008528
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Challenges in Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials and Processes in Conventional and Multifunctional Materials, Volume 2: Proceedings of the 2013 SEM Annual Conference& Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the second volume of eight from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on fundamental and applied aspects of Experimental Mechanics, including papers in the following general technical research areas: Metallic, Polymeric and Composite Materials Effects of Extreme Environments including Radiation Resistance, Damage, and Aging Challenges in Time-dependent Behavior Modeling of Low, Moderate and High Strain Rates Effects of Frequency and Hysteretic Heating Effects of Inhomogeneities on the Time-Dependent Behavior Composite, Hybrid and Multifunctional Materials Challenges in Time-dependent Behavior Modeling Viscoelastoplasticity and Damage Effects of Interfaces and Interphases on the Time-Dependent Behavior Environmental and Reactive Property Change Effects on Thermomechanical and Multifunctional Behaviors Modeling and Characterization of Fabrication Processes of Conventional and Multifunctional Materials Time-dependent and Small-scale Effects in Micro/Nano-scale Testing Time-dependent Processes in Biomaterials