Ethnicities Personalities and Politics in the Ethnic Chinese Worlds

Author: Ching-hwang Yen
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814603031
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The rise of the economic power of the ethnic Chinese, known also as overseas Chinese, Chinese overseas or Chinese diaspora, was a late 20th century phenomenon. It was partly the result of the rise of the Four Little Asian Dragons in the 1970s, and was speeded up by the tempo of globalization towards the end of that century. This book explores the ethnic identity and boundary of the Chinese as minority groups in foreign lands, and as sub-groups among the Chinese themselves. It examines prominent personalities that had wielded considerable influence in the ethnic Chinese communities in the economic, social and educational arenas. It also discusses the type of politics that had impacted their relationship with their mother country — China. Containing 16 papers presented at various international conferences in Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong, China and Taiwan as keynote speeches and research findings which are predominantly unpublished in English, this book provides fresh perspectives and re-interpretations on the issues of ethnicity, leadership and politics in the ethnic Chinese worlds.

Islam in China

Author: Raphael Israeli
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739156616
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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'Are they really Muslims?' Islam in China reveals the struggle for identity of the small yet vital Muslim community of China, a little studied minority on the fringes of the Islamic world now thrust into the spotlight by the opening of China to the world and the rise of independent Muslim republics on China's western borders. Both timely and important, the multifaceted essays-_ collection of over twenty years of Raphael Israeli's scholarship on Chinese Muslims_offer detailed insight into the relationship between China's non-Muslim majority and an increasingly self-confident guest culture. The work uncovers a history of uneasy ethnic, philosophical, and ideological coexistence, the gradual sinification of the Chinese Muslim creed, and the increasing accommodation of Islam by a modern, westernizing China. In addition, it highlights a religious group riddled with sectarianism; factional rifts that reveal the doctrinal, social, and political diversity at the core of Chinese Islam.

Naturalizing Ethnicity Culturalizing Landscape

Author: Yu Wang
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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In the past ten years, more than twenty sites in China have been added to UNESCO's World Heritage List. This growing World-Heritage "fever" has manifestly transformed not only the lives of people living in these sites, but also the environments and ecosystems that these people both inhabit and constitute. Focusing on the tourism development, ethnicity construction, and landscape conservation on a potential World Cultural Heritage Site in Yunnan Province of China, my research investigates how the World Heritage system generates debates about heritage authenticity and creates new sites of struggle over control of cultural and natural resources in this rural, ethnic, and poverty-stricken site of Yunnan. My central research questions are: (1) How is "World Heritage" defined, through what discourses and priorities? (2) What is meant by "authenticity" in the discourse and practice of world heritage? And who has the right to determine how to preserve the presumed authenticity of a given people/site? (3) How are global concepts, such as heritage, authenticity, and conservation, understood and practiced on the local level? (4) Under the World-Heritage protection system, how are "nature" and "culture" received and constructed by different parties? Specifically, what influence does the natural environment exert on the imagination of the dominant ethnic minority, the Hani, living in the site? This is a project designed to interrogate networks of transnational actors and the circuits of power-knowledge production, by questioning who can really speak for "nature", "culture", "community," and finally "development." In a context where both global and state policies continue orchestrating developments in contemporary China, and where local struggles over identification and poverty increasingly haunt the policies, my dissertation seeks to contribute to a literature that has focused on the problems of development and conservation with a case that is centrally engaged with international and state-based modes of governmentality. This project aims above all to explore the multivalency and complexity of such concepts as "unity," "integrity," and "authenticity" central to the World Heritage protection system, and thus to create a broader dialogue among intellectuals and policy makers about how to make world heritage sites more manageable and their policies more effective.

Governing China s Multiethnic Frontiers

Author: Morris Rossabi
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 029580405X
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Upon coming to power in 1949, the Chinese Communist government proclaimed that its stance toward ethnic minorities--who comprise approximatelyeight percent of China�s population--differed from that of previous regimes and that it would help preserve the linguistic and cultural heritage of the fifty-five official "minority nationalities." However, minority culture suffered widespread destruction in the early decades of the People�s Republic of China, and minority areas still lag far behind Han (majority) areas economically. Since the mid-1990s, both domestic and foreign developments have refocused government attention on the inhabitants of China�s minority regions, their relationship to the Chinese state, and their foreign ties. Intense economic development of and Han settlement in China�s remote minority regions threaten to displace indigenous populations, post-Soviet establishment of independent countries composed mainly of Muslim and Turkic-speaking peoples presents questions for related groups in China, freedom of Mongolia from Soviet control raises the specter of a pan-Mongolian movement encompassing Chinese Mongols, and international groups press for a more autonomous or even independent Tibet. In Governing China�s Multiethnic Frontiers, leading scholars examine the Chinese government�s administration of its ethnic minority regions, particularly border areas where ethnicity is at times a volatile issue and where separatist movements are feared. Seven essays focus on the Muslim Hui, multiethnic southwest China, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, and Tibet. Together these studies provide an overview of government relations with key minority populations, against which one can view evolving dialogues and disputes.

An Ethnohistorical Dictionary of China

Author: James Stuart Olson
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313288531
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Provides a ready reference for understanding China's ethnic groups, ethnic rivalries, and the impact of these rivalries on China's internal politics.

Indonesia s Population

Author: Leo Suryadinata
Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
ISBN: 9789812302120
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Presenting an analysis of basic information contained in the official Indonesian census conducted in the year 2000, this book focuses on Indonesian ethnicity and religion and their relevance to the study of politics.

Guest People

Author: Nicole Constable
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 0295984872
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The essays in this volume analyze and compare what it means to be Hakka in a variety of sociocultural, political, geographical, and historical contexts including Malaysia, Hong Kong, Calcutta, Taiwan, and contemporary China.

The Making of Southeast Asian Nations

Author: Leo Suryadinata
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814612987
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The idea of the ‘nation’ is a Western concept which has been applied to Southeast Asia. It is a project which has been in progress since the last century but is still incomplete. Various theoretical frameworks which are associated with nation and nation-building in the Southeast Asian region have been briefly dealt with. The book aims to examine the making of the nations in Southeast Asia using both historical and political science approaches. Concepts related to nation such as ethnicity, state, indigenism and citizenship have also been analysed in the Southeast Asian context. Specific examples of nation-building in five major Southeast Asian countries are presented. Problems and prospects of Southeast Asia's nation-building and citizenship building in the era of globalisation are also discussed. Contents:Multi-Ethnic Society, Conflict Regulation and Nation-BuildingNation, State, Ethnicity and IndigenismNation, Citizenship and IndigenismEthnicity, Indigenism and Southeast Asia's Citizenship LawsEthnic Chinese and the Formation of Southeast Asian NationsChina's Citizenship Laws and Southeast Asian ChineseNation-Building or Citizenship-Building in Singapore?Indigenism, Islam and Nation-Building in MalaysiaEthnicity, Religion and Nation-Building in IndonesiaThe Philippines and Thailand: Ethnicity and Islam in Nation-BuildingCitizenship, Nation-State and Nation-Building in Globalizing Southeast AsiaAppendices:Ethnic and Religious Compositions of Southeast Asian CountriesCitizenship Law of Brunei DarussalamCitizenship Law of CambodiaCitizenship Law of IndonesiaCitizenship Law of LaosCitizenship Law of Malaysia (The Citizenship Section of Constitution)Citizenship Law of MyanmarCitizenship Law of the Philippines (The Citizenship Information in the Constitution)Citizenship Law of SingaporeCitizenship Law of ThailandCitizenship Law of Vietnam Readership: Undergraduates, postgraduates, researchers, academics, and members of the general public who are interested in Southeast Asian politics, in particular, the topic of nation-building. Key Features:The book is written by a Southeast Asian scholar, familiar with both Asian and Western culturesThe making of Southeast Asian nations is topical as many nations, including Singapore, are celebrating their “nationhood”The discussion on citizenship is based on the Citizenship Laws of the Southeast Asian statesKeywords:Nations;State;Ethnicity;Indigenism;Citizenship;Southeast AsiaReviews: “Professor Suryadinata has spent much of his life studying the modern polity called a nation. This volume brings together his thoughts on the multiple aspects of that very elusive ideal. It will provide generations of students with a useful guide through the labyrinth of the new forces at work in our region. It therefore gives me great pleasure to welcome his contributions here.” Professor Wang Gungwu

Social Issues in China

Author: Zhidong Hao
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461422248
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Since 1978, the opening up and reform in China has brought tremendous economic and social changes. While China’s economic progress has been commendable, the social problems that go with economic changes have raised serious concerns. Some of those concerns are related to gender, ethnic, labor, and environmental issues. This book is about what has happened in these arenas in China since the opening up and reform in 1978. The study of gender, ethnicity, labor, and environment touches on some of the fundamental problems of modernization, especially the development of individuals and groups. So even though gender, ethnicity, labor, and environment seem to be separate issues, they are in fact related in some fundamental ways. That’s what this book will explore as well. To understand is one thing and to do is another. This book also incorporates studies of NGO practices to see how NGOs have helped in transforming gender, ethnic, labor, and environment interplay. Our study of NGOs in helping improve such interplay sheds light on how specifically civil society can prod the state to transform social relations for the better. This book is an attempt to assess the changes, both positive and negative, in gender, ethnic, ethnic, and environmental relations in China especially in the past 30 years of opening up and reform, especially regarding national identity formation. ​

Negotiating Ethnicity in China

Author: Chih-yu Shih
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134455038
Format: PDF, Docs
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This challenging study brings together anthropology and political science to examine how ethnic minorities are constructed by the state, and how they respond to such constructions. Disclosing endless mini negotiations between those acting in the name of the Chinese state and those carrying the images of ethnic minority, this book provides an image of the framing of ethnicity by modern state building processes. It will be of vital interest to scholars of political science, anthropology and sociology, and is essential reading to those engaged in studying Chinese society.