Exemplar Methods and Research Strategies for Investigation

Author: M. Kyle Matsuba
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118828216
Format: PDF, Docs
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This issue: Defines and describes exemplar research methods Provides the case for their importance in revealing aspects of human functioning and its development, which are often neglected within traditional, mainstream psychology and allied disciplines Gives a glimpse into the growing depth and breadth of exemplar research within and beyond the moral domain Delivers insight into some of the complex contextual issues that emerge when studying human phenomena from this methodological perspective Provides critical commentary to help the reader determine the full value and limits of this research approach. This is the 142nd volume in this series. Its mission is to provide scientific and scholarly presentations on cutting edge issues and concepts in child and adolescent development. Each volume focuses on a specific new direction or research topic and is edited by experts in that field.

Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents

Author: Luis A. Moreno
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441960399
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Despite adults’ best preventive efforts, childhood obesity is on the rise in most areas of the world, and with it the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and other formerly adult-onset conditions. Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents takes the global ecological approach that is needed to understand the scope of the problem and its multiple causes and mechanisms, and to aid in developing more effective prevention and intervention programs. In the book’s first half, experts present a descriptive summary of youth obesity trends in ten world regions, broken down by age group, gender, socioeconomic status, and risk factors. Complementing these findings, part two reviews the evidence base regarding the variables, separately and in combination, having the most significant impact on young people’s development of obesity, including: • Genetic and nutrigenomic factors. • Environmental and psychosocial factors, such as family shopping and eating habits and access to healthful foods. • Neuroendocrine regulation. • Prenatal and neonatal factors (e.g., gestational diabetes of the mother). • Dietary factors, from nutrient content to young people’s food preferences. • Physical activity versus sedentary behavior. Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents is necessary reading for the range of professionals involved in curtailing this epidemic, including public health specialists, epidemiologists, pediatricians, nurses, nutritionists, psychologists, health educators, and policymakers.

Purpose in Life

Author: Kendall Cotton Bronk
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400774915
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume integrates and makes sense of the growing body of theoretical and empirical research conducted on purpose across the lifespan. It opens with a comprehensive yet detailed discussion of the definitions of purpose most commonly used in studies on the topic. In addition to defining the construct, the author also discusses its philosophical roots and distinguishes it from related concepts, including meaning, goals, and ultimate concerns. This volume discusses the disparate perspectives on the construct and addresses the tendency to position purpose in the broader frame of positive psychology. It synthesizes distinct strands of research on purpose across the lifespan, it explores studies on the daily and longer-term experience of a purposeful existence, and it delves deeply into the wide range of measurement tools that have been used to assess the purpose construct. Further, it examines the prevalence and forms of purpose among diverse groups of youth and discusses the developmental trajectory of the construct. Other topics discussed include the central role of purpose in supporting optimal well-being and positive youth development. The book closes with empirically-supported steps adults, educators, and mentors can take to effectively and intentionally foster purpose among young people and makes recommendations for future research on the topic.

Revisiting Silent Reading

Author: Elfrieda H. Hiebert
Publisher: International Reading Assoc.
ISBN: 0872078337
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Literacy leaders come together in this important and timely volume—destined to become a vital part of every school's PD library—to give expert advice about silent reading instruction and how to make it work in your classroom. In these pages, you get A review of past and current perspectives on silent reading, giving you a solid foundation for instructional decisions Ideas you can use to increase students’ reading fluency, achievement, and motivation Inspiration for addressing the wide-ranging needs of students, including English learners and struggling readers Suggestions for new contexts in which silent reading can take place PD questions to extend your thinking, learning, and teaching Isn't it time to return silent reading to your classroom?

A Dynamic Cascade Model of the Development of Substance Use Onset

Author: Kenneth A. Dodge
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444334913
Format: PDF
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"The origins of illicit substance use during adolescence likely begin in early childhood. Understanding antecedent factors and how they ... lead to adolescent drug use is important for theories of social development as well as policy formulations to prevent onset. A dynamic cascade model of the development of adolescent substance-use onset is presented, based on a reveiw of existing literature as well as on a longitudinal study involving 585 boys and girls who were followed from prekindergarten through grade 12." -- cf. p. vii

Handbook of Moral Development

Author: Melanie Killen
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1136673237
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Handbook of Moral Development is the definitive source of theory and research on the development of morality. Since the publication of the first edition, ground-breaking approaches to studying the development of morality have re-invigorated debates about what it means to conceptualize and measure morality in early childhood, how children understand fairness and equality, what the evolutionary basis is for morality, and the role of culture. The contributors of this new edition grapple with these questions and provide answers for how morality originates, changes, evolves, and develops during childhood, adolescence, and into adulthood. Thoroughly updated and expanded, the second edition features new chapters that focus on: infancy neuroscience theory of mind moral personality and identity cooperation and culture gender, sexuality, prejudice and discrimination Reflecting the interdisciplinary nature of the study of moral development, this edition contains contributions from over 50 scholars in developmental science, cognitive psychology, social neuroscience, comparative psychology and evolution, and education.

Data Analysis with Mplus

Author: Christian Geiser
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1462507824
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A practical introduction to using Mplus for the analysis of multivariate data, this volume provides step-by-step guidance, complete with real data examples, numerous screen shots, and output excerpts. The author shows how to prepare a data set for import in Mplus using SPSS. He explains how to specify different types of models in Mplus syntax and address typical caveats--for example, assessing measurement invariance in longitudinal SEMs. Coverage includes path and factor analytic models as well as mediational, longitudinal, multilevel, and latent class models. Specific programming tips and solution strategies are presented in boxes in each chapter. The companion website (http://crmda.ku.edu/guilford/geiser) features data sets, annotated syntax files, and output for all of the examples. Of special utility to instructors and students, many of the examples can be run with the free demo version of Mplus.

Aggression and Violence in Adolescence

Author: Robert F. Marcus
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521688918
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Using confidential self-report surveys and official crime statistics, this book describes variations in aggression and violence during adolescence over time and by grade, gender, and race. Early clues present in childhood to later serious violence in adolescence are identified in longitudinal research studies. Current personality and situational influences that either increase or decrease risk for aggression or violence are reviewed. Aggression and violence in adolescent dating relationships is explained in relation to normal development and subject to both variation in partner and relationship differences. This book describes and suggests prevention programs directed at all children, children at risk, and those adolescents that are unfortunately already violent.

Nourishing millions Stories of change in nutrition Synopsis

Author: Yosef, Sivan
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: 0896299902
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In recent years, the world has seen unprecedented attention and political commitment to addressing malnutrition. Milestones such as the Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) Movement, the Lancet Maternal and Child Nutrition Series, and the Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2) have marked the rapid rise of nutrition on the global policy and research agenda. These developments reverse years of relative neglect for nutrition. Undernutrition is a global challenge with huge social and economic costs. It kills millions of young children annually, stunts growth, erodes child development, reduces the amount of schooling children attain, and increases the likelihood of their being poor as adults, if they survive. Stunting persists through a lifetime and beyond—underweight mothers are more likely to give birth to underweight children, perpetuating undernutrition across generations. Undernutrition reduces global gross domestic product by US$1.4–$2.1 trillion a year—the size of the total economy of Africa south of the Sahara.

Developmental Behavioral Disorders

Author: Marvin I. Gottlieb
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461309395
Format: PDF, ePub
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"Child development" has always been a traditional component of well child care and a particular area of interest for pediatricians, child neu rologists, and psychologists. However, it was not until the early 1960s that children with developmental disabilities (i. e. , chronic handicapping disorders) became a major focus of public and professional attention. During this period, children with "special needs" were dramatically catapulted into the limelight and "exceptional" became the buzzword of the day. Public and professional awareness of these issues reached new peaks and recognition of the potential psychosocial impairments of chil dren with developmental disabilities created national anxiety. A variety of factors contributed to an unprecedented societal advocacy for chil dren with developmental problems: (1) a national concern generated by President Kennedy'S particular interest in mental retardation; (2) in creased activity and visibility of parent advocacy/lobbying groups (e. g. , the Association for Children with Learning Disabilities); (3) the enact ment of federal legislation designed to protect the rights of the handi capped (e. g. , PL94-142); and (4) the popularization of developmental behavioral disabilities by the various communications media. Cumulatively these events precipitated a redefinition of the real mean ing of "comprehensive health care for children," resulting in an empha sis on the child's neurodevelopmental, educational, psychological, and social needs. For the pediatrician, a myriad of new management respon sibilities were mandated, in addition to the traditional health care con cerns.