Explaining Inequalities in School Achievement

Author: Roy Nash
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131713768X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Inequalities in educational opportunity have been a persistent feature of all school systems for generations, with conventional explanations of differences in educational attainment tending to be reduced to either quantitative or non-quantitative 'list' theories. In this groundbreaking book, Roy Nash argues that a realist framework for the sociological explanation of educational group differences can, and must be, constructed. A move to such an explanatory framework will allow us to take into account the social influences of early childhood development, the later emergence of social identities, and the nature of the social class impact of educational and career decision-making. By building on the critical analyses of the theories of Bourdieu, Boudon and Bernstein, this book makes a vital contribution to the current policy and theoretical debate about the causes of educational inequality.

Knowledge and the Future of the Curriculum

Author: B. Barrett
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137429267
Format: PDF, ePub
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This collection explores why powerful knowledge matters for social justice and discusses its implications for curriculum and pedagogy. The contributors argue that the purpose of education is to provide all students with access to powerful knowledge so that they acquire the means to move beyond their experiences and enhance their lives.

Education Globalization and Social Change

Author: Hugh Lauder
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199272532
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Education is seen as central to economic competitiveness, the reduction of poverty and inequality, and environmental sustainability. The editors have selected key writings that examine the social and economic limits- and possibilities of-education in addressing these fundamental problems. This new reader establishes the field of sociology of education with a particular focus on papers that analyse the nature and extent of globalization in education. A general introduction presents the keyconcepts in the sociology of education, and outlines the major theories and debates, especially in relation to globalization. Each section is accompanied by a part opener explaining and contextualizing the readings within a larger educational and sociological context.

Beyond Relativism

Author: Cynthia Lins Hamlin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134575939
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book argues that critical realism offers the theory of cognitive rationality a real way of overcoming the limitations of methodological individualism by recognising both the agents' - and the social structure's - causal powers and liabilities. Cynthia Lins Hamlin persuasively argues that critical realism represents a better safeguard against the relativism which springs from the conflation of social reality and our ideas about it. This is an important book for sociologists and anyone working in the social sciences, and for all those concerned with the methodology, and philosophy, of social science.

Author: Френсис Фицджеральд
Publisher: Litres
ISBN: 5457911748
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Фрэнсис Скотт Фицджеральд (1896–1940) – американский писатель и сценарист, классик американской литературы.Предлагаемый читателям психологический роман «Великий Гэтсби» (1925) нравственно развенчивает безоглядное восприятие «американской мечты» – идеи социального преуспеяния личности.Неадаптированный текст на языке оригинала снабжен постраничным комментарием и словарем.

Access to Higher Education

Author: Anna Mountford-Zimdars
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317409566
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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How do we understand and explain who has access to higher education? How do we make sense of persisting and new forms of inequality? How can global, national and institutional policymakers and practitioners make higher education more inclusive? Access to Higher Education: Theoretical perspectives and contemporary challenges seeks to update thinking on these questions, combining new voices and emerging perspectives with established writers in the field. This pioneering text highlights the contribution of social theory to issues of access to education, with chapters introducing and drawing on the works of key interdisciplinary thinkers including Pierre Bourdieu, Margaret Archer, Amartya Sen and Herbert Simon. It then moves to examines how theoretical perspectives can be applied to the contemporary challenges of forging more equal access, with examples drawn from a wide range of contexts, including the UK, the US, Australia, South Africa and Japan. Global in scope, this book documents the shared nature of the access challenge in a period when higher education is growing rapidly, but inequalities continue to be stark. It concludes by proposing a new direction for research and a reassertion of the role of the researcher as a social activist for disconnected and disadvantaged groups, equipped with the thinking tools needed to move the agenda forward. Access to Higher Education is a rigorous text for the global research community, with relevance to policymakers, practitioners and postgraduate students interested in social justice and social policy. It provides those with an academic interest in access and a commitment to enhancing policy with theoretical and practical ideas for moving the access agenda forward in their institutional, regional or national contexts.

Understanding Conflict and Conflict Analysis

Author: Ho-Won Jeong
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473902894
Format: PDF
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'...effectively fills a long-standing void and will no doubt be hailed as a much-needed new addition to the literature... This text very much exemplifies the strength of Ho-Won Jeong as a theorist and one of the more prolific writers in the larger peace and conflict studies field... the final three chapters on 'De-escalation Dynamics' (which includes a brief section on third party intervention), on 'Conciliation Strategies,' and especially the one on 'Ending Conflict,' which provides a range of outcomes beyond the usual focus on third party intervention (read mediation) epitomizes the value of this new text' - Journal of Peace Research '...an awesome tour d'horizon of modern war, violence, and confrontation within and between nations. Illustrating via just about every conflict in every corner of the world, the author invokes an endless array of insights and interpretations, ranging from the micro to the macro, beautifully written in a seamless sequence of closely linked and discursive essays.' - Professor J. David Singer, University of Michigan 'Ho-Won Jeong has written an illuminatinbg analysis of the dynamics of conflict. He lays out the tools we have to analyze conflict in a literate and comprehensive way. A valuable book for anyone interested in a more comprehensive understanding of conflict, its sources, and its deescalation and termination' - Janice Gross Stein, Belzberg Professor of Conflict Management, Director, Munk Centre for International Studies, University of Toronto 'Jeong has successfully combined behavioral and structural analysis of the dynamics of social conflict. This volume covers the multiple dimensions - escalation, entrapment, de-escalation, termination, and resolution - both of violent and non-violent confrontation between adversaries, as well as the utility and limitations of external intervention. For students of the social sciences, it should serve as an excellent introduction to the complex realities of social conflict.' - Milton Esman, John S. Knight Professor of International Studies, Emeritus, Cornell University By examining the dynamic forces which shape and re-shape major conflicts, this timely book provides students with the knowledge base needed to successfully study conflict sources, processes and transformations. Broad in focus, it addresses the multiple social, political and psychological features central to understanding conflict situations and behaviour. A range of both recent and historical examples (including the Arab-Israeli conflict, the 'War on Terrorism', the Cold War, and the civil wars in Sudan, former Yugoslavia and Sri Lanka) are discussed, illustrating the application of concepts and theories essential to the analysis of inter-group, inter-state and intra-state conflict and conflict resolution in a wider context. Understanding Conflict and Conflict Analysis is key reading for students of international relations, peace and conflict studies, conflict resolution, international security and international law.

Sociological Abstracts

Author: Leo P. Chall
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

Sample tasks from the PISA 2000 assessment

Author: Claudia Vendramel Tamassia
Publisher: Publications de l'OCDE
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Are students well prepared to meet the challenges of the future? Are they able to analyse, reason and communicate their ideas effectively? Do they have the capacity to continue learning throughout life? Parents, educators and the public often question the effectiveness of the education system in today's changing society. This book describes the instruments underlying the PISA assessment. It introduces the PISA approach to assessing reading, mathematical and scientific literacy with its three dimensions of process, content and context. Further, it presents a sample of PISA 2000 tasks, and explains how these tasks were scored and how they relate to the conceptual framework underlying PISA. The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)PISA is a collaborative process among all OECD Member countries and some non-OECD countries. It brings together scientific expertise from the participating countries and is steered jointly by their governments on the basis of shared, policy-driven interests. The main features of PISA are:- Literacy approach: PISA aims to define each domain (reading, mathematics and science), not merely in terms of mastery of the school curriculum, but also in terms of the knowledge and skills needed to fully participate in today's society.- Long-term commitment: Over the decade to come, PISA will enable countries to regularly and predictably monitor their progress in meeting key learning objectives.- Age-group: By assessing 15-year-olds, i.e. young people nearing the end of compulsory schooling, PISA provides an important indication of the performance of school systems.- Relevance to lifelong learning: PISA does not limit itself to assessing students' knowledge and skills, but asks them to report on their own self-regulated learning, their motivation to learn and their preferences for different learning situations. Additional information concerning PISA is available at www.pisa.oecd.org

Learning to Labour

Author: Paul Willis
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 135121876X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book which has now established itself as a classic study of working class boys describes how Paul Willis followed a group of 'lads' as they passed through the last two years of school and into work. The book explains that for 'the lads' it is their own culture which blocks teaching and prevents the realisation of liberal education aims. This culture exposes some of the contradictions within these formal aims and actually supplies the operational criteria by which a future in wage labour is judged. Paul Willis explores how their own culture can guide working class lads on to the shop floor. This is an uncompromising book which has provoked considerable discussion and controversy in educational circles throughout the world - it has been translated into Finnish, German, French, Swedish, Japanese and Spanish.