Foundations of Biomedical Knowledge Representation

Author: Arjen Hommersom
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319280074
Format: PDF
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Medicine and health care are currently faced with a significant rise in their complexity. This is partly due to the progress made during the past three decades in the fundamental biological understanding of the causes of health and disease at the molecular, (sub)cellular, and organ level. Since the end of the 1970s, when knowledge representation and reasoning in the biomedical field became a separate area of research, huge progress has been made in the development of methods and tools that are finally able to impact on the way medicine is being practiced. Even though there are huge differences in the techniques and methods used by biomedical researchers, there is now an increasing tendency to share research results in terms of formal knowledge representation methods, such as ontologies, statistical models, network models, and mathematical models. As there is an urgent need for health-care professionals to make better decisions, computer-based support using this knowledge is now becoming increasingly important. It may also be the only way to integrate research results from the different parts of the spectrum of biomedical and clinical research. The aim of this book is to shed light on developments in knowledge representation at different levels of biomedical application, ranging from human biology to clinical guidelines, and using different techniques, from probability theory and differential equations to logic. The book starts with two introductory chapters followed by 18 contributions organized in the following topical sections: diagnosis of disease; monitoring of health and disease and conformance; assessment of health and personalization; prediction and prognosis of health and disease; treatment of disease; and recommendations.

Foundations of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning

Author: Gerhard Lakemeyer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540581079
Format: PDF, ePub
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The papers collected in this book cover a wide range of topics in asymptotic statistics. In particular up-to-date-information is presented in detection of systematic changes, in series of observation, in robust regression analysis, in numerical empirical processes and in related areas of actuarial sciences and mathematical programming. The emphasis is on theoretical contributions with impact on statistical methods employed in the analysis of experiments and observations by biometricians, econometricians and engineers.

Universal Ontology of Geographic Space Semantic Enrichment for Spatial Data

Author: Podobnikar, Tomaž
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466603283
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A universal approach to the ontology of geographic space has already been, and is going to be, a comprehensive task for establishing more effective spatial models. The concept of a universal spatial ontology should be independent of location, culture, and time. It should be fundamental and universal in the same way that the number p defines the ratio between the diameter and the circumference of a circle. The term “universal” therefore means all-embracing and for general propose. Universal Ontology of Geographic Space: Semantic Enrichment for Spatial Data aims to escalate the current scope of research to support the development of semantically interoperable systems of geographic space. This reference will aid university lecturers and professors, students, researchers, developers of spatial applications.

Foundations of Intelligent Systems

Author: Zbigniew W. Ras
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540636144
Format: PDF
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Methodologies for Intelligent Systems, ISMIS'97, held in Charlotte, NC, USA, in October 1997. The 57 revised full papers were selected from a total of 117 submissions. Also included are four invited papers. Among the topics covered are intelligent information systems, approximate reasoning, evolutionary computation, knowledge representation and integration, learning and knowledge discovery, AI-Logics, discovery systems, data mining, query processing, etc.

Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science

Author: Vijay Chandru
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540620341
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science, FST&TCS '96, held in Hyderabad, India, in December 1996. The volume presents 28 revised full papers selected from a total of 98 submissions; also included are four invited contributions. The papers are organized in topical sections on computational geometry, process algebras, program semantics, algorithms, rewriting and equational-temporal logics, complexity theory, and type theory.

Terminological Ontologies

Author: Javier Lacasta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441969811
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Information infrastructures are integrated solutions based on the fusion of information and communication technologies. They are characterized by the large amount of data that must be managed accordingly. An information infrastructure requires an efficient and effective information retrieval system to provide access to the items stored in the infrastructure. Terminological Ontologies: Design, Management and Practical Applications presents the main problems that affect the discovery systems of information infrastructures to manage terminological models, and introduces a combination of research tools and applications in Semantic Web technologies. This book specifically analyzes the need to create, relate, and integrate the models required for an infrastructure by elaborating on the problem of accessing these models in an efficient manner via interoperable services and components. Terminological Ontologies: Design, Management and Practical Applications is geared toward information management systems and semantic web professionals working as project managers, application developers, government workers and more. Advanced undergraduate and graduate level students, professors and researchers focusing on computer science will also find this book valuable as a secondary text or reference book.

Graph Structures for Knowledge Representation and Reasoning

Author: Madalina Croitoru
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319287028
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Graph Structures for Knowledge Representation and Reasoning, GKR 2015, held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in July 2015, associated with IJCAI 2015, the 24th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence. The 9 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 10 submissions. The papers feature current research involved in the development and application of graph-based knowledge representation formalisms and reasoning techniques. They address the following topics: argumentation; conceptual graphs; RDF; and representations of constraint satisfaction problems.

Biomedical Informatics

Author: Andreas Holzinger
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3848222191
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Medical Informatics is defined as the interdisciplinary field that studies and pursues the effective use of biomedical data, information and knowledge for scientific inquiry, problem solving, and decision making, motivated by efforts to improve human health. To emphasize the broad character it is called Biomedical Informatics. The aim of this course is to provide a student with a broad overview with focus on data, information and knowledge. The course consists of the following 12 lectures: 1. Introduction: Computer Science meets Life Sciences, challenges and future directions; 2. Back to the future: Fundamentals of Data, Information and Knowledge; 3. Structured Data: Coding, Classification (ICD, SNOMED, MeSH, UMLS); 4. Biomedical Databases: Acquisition, Storage, Information Retrieval and Use; 5. Semi structured and weakly structured data (structural homologies); 6. Multimedia Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery; 7. Knowledge and Decision: Cognitive Science and Human-Computer Interaction; 8. Biomedical Decision Making: Reasoning and Decision Support; 9. Intelligent Information Visualization and Visual Analytics; 10. Biomedical Information Systems and Medical Knowledge Management; 11. Biomedical Data: Privacy, Safety and Security 12. Methodology for Information Systems: System Design, Usability and Evaluation