Invisible Labor

Author: Marion Crain
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520286405
Format: PDF, Docs
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"Demographic and technological trends have yielded new forms of work that are increasingly more precarious, globalized, and brand centered. Some of these shifts have led to a marked decrease in the visibility of work or workers. This edited collection examines situations in which technology and employment practices hide labor within the formal paid labor market, with implications for workplace activism, social policy, and law. In some cases, technological platforms, space, and temporality hide workers and sometimes obscure their tasks as well. In other situations, workers may be highly visible--indeed, the employer may rely upon the workers' aesthetics to market the branded product--but their aesthetic labor is not seen as work. In still other cases, the work occurs within a social interaction and appears as leisure--a voluntary or chosen activity--rather than as work. Alternatively, the workers themselves may be conceptualized as consumers rather than as workers. Crossing the occupational hierarchy and spectrum from high- to low-waged work, from professional to manual labor, and from production to service labor, the authors argue for a broader understanding of labor in the contemporary era. This book adopts an interdisciplinary approach that integrates perspectives from law, sociology, and industrial/labor relations"--Provided by publisher.

Dangerous Sex Invisible Labor

Author: Prabha Kotiswaran
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400838762
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Popular representations of third-world sex workers as sex slaves and vectors of HIV have spawned abolitionist legal reforms that are harmful and ineffective, and public health initiatives that provide only marginal protection of sex workers' rights. In this book, Prabha Kotiswaran asks how we might understand sex workers' demands that they be treated as workers. She contemplates questions of redistribution through law within the sex industry by examining the political economies and legal ethnographies of two archetypical urban sex markets in India. Kotiswaran conducted in-depth fieldwork among sex workers in Sonagachi, Kolkata's largest red-light area, and Tirupati, a temple town in southern India. Providing new insights into the lives of these women--many of whom are demanding the respect and legal protection that other workers get--Kotiswaran builds a persuasive theoretical case for recognizing these women's sexual labor. Moving beyond standard feminist discourse on prostitution, she draws on a critical genealogy of materialist feminism for its sophisticated vocabulary of female reproductive and sexual labor, and uses a legal realist approach to show why criminalization cannot succeed amid the informal social networks and economic structures of sex markets. Based on this, Kotiswaran assesses the law's redistributive potential by analyzing the possible economic consequences of partial decriminalization, complete decriminalization, and legalization. She concludes with a theory of sex work from a postcolonial materialist feminist perspective.

Invisible in Austin

Author: Javier Auyero
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 1477303650
Format: PDF, ePub
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Austin, Texas, is renowned as a high-tech, fast-growing city for the young and creative, a cool place to live, and the scene of internationally famous events such as SXSW and Formula 1. But as in many American cities, poverty and penury are booming along with wealth and material abundance in contemporary Austin. Rich and poor residents lead increasingly separate lives as growing socioeconomic inequality underscores residential, class, racial, and ethnic segregation. In Invisible in Austin, the award-winning sociologist Javier Auyero and a team of graduate students explore the lives of those working at the bottom of the social order: house cleaners, office-machine repairers, cab drivers, restaurant cooks and dishwashers, exotic dancers, musicians, and roofers, among others. Recounting their subjects’ life stories with empathy and sociological insight, the authors show us how these lives are driven by a complex mix of individual and social forces. These poignant stories compel us to see how poor people who provide indispensable services for all city residents struggle daily with substandard housing, inadequate public services and schools, and environmental risks. Timely and essential reading, Invisible in Austin makes visible the growing gap between rich and poor that is reconfiguring the cityscape of one of America’s most dynamic places, as low-wage workers are forced to the social and symbolic margins.

Invisible Bodies Invisible Labor

Author: Fernando Morales
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Latino/a communities have used art, like the mural, as a way to showcase life in the United States. Similarly, Ramiro Gomez, a first-generation Mexican-American artist, crafted a series of cardboard Cut-Outs around Los Angeles to humanize undocumented bodies and labor. Gomez's work forces both, Latino/a and non-Latino/a audiences, to confront their perceptions towards these invisible people and their labor. Rhetorical critics have looked at the power of the visual as a form to communicate meaning. By establishing a series of theoretical frameworks connecting vernacular discourses, critical rhetoric and visual rhetoric this study engages the artwork of Ramiro Gomez. This study looks into the ways Gomez's Cut-Outs render undocumented bodies and labor into subjectivity in American spaces. Through examining a collection of his Cut-Outs from his biographical book Domestic Scenes: The Artwork of Ramiro Gomez, this study looks at how these art pieces created, placed and disposed of in American spaces. Second, this study analyzes the rhetoric surrounding Latino/a communication studies, critical rhetoric, vernacular discourses and visual rhetoric. Additionally, it will provide context of the United States current relationship with immigration. As a result, by analyzing Gomez's artwork, this study will explore what his images contribute to communication studies regarding undocumented bodies and Latino/a communication studies.

Race and the Invisible Hand

Author: Deirdre Royster
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520937376
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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From the time of Booker T. Washington to today, and William Julius Wilson, the advice dispensed to young black men has invariably been, "Get a trade." Deirdre Royster has put this folk wisdom to an empirical test—and, in Race and the Invisible Hand, exposes the subtleties and discrepancies of a workplace that favors the white job-seeker over the black. At the heart of this study is the question: Is there something about young black men that makes them less desirable as workers than their white peers? And if not, then why do black men trail white men in earnings and employment rates? Royster seeks an answer in the experiences of 25 black and 25 white men who graduated from the same vocational school and sought jobs in the same blue-collar labor market in the early 1990s. After seriously examining the educational performances, work ethics, and values of the black men for unique deficiencies, her study reveals the greatest difference between young black and white men—access to the kinds of contacts that really help in the job search and entry process.

Invisible Hands

Author: Corinne Goria
Publisher: McSweeney's
ISBN: 1940450357
Format: PDF
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The men and women in Invisible Hands reveal the human rights abuses occurring behind the scenes of the global economy. These narrators — including phone manufacturers in China, copper miners in Zambia, garment workers in Bangladesh, and farmers around the world — reveal the secret history of the things we buy, including lives and communities devastated by low wages, environmental degradation, and political repression. Sweeping in scope and rich in detail, these stories capture the interconnectivity of all people struggling to support themselves and their families. Narrators include Kalpona, a leading Bangladeshi labor organizer who led her first strike at 15; Han, who, as a teenager, began assembling circuit boards for an international electronics company based in Seoul; Albert, a copper miner in Zambia who, during a wage protest, was shot by representatives of the Chinese-owned mining company that he worked for; and Sanjay, who grew up in the shadow of the Bhopal chemical disaster, one of the worst industrial accidents in history.

The Partial Revolution

Author: Michael Hoffmann
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1785337807
Format: PDF, ePub
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Located in the far-western Tarai region of Nepal, Kailali has been the site of dynamic social and political change in recent history. The Partial Revolution examines Kailali in the aftermath of Nepal's Maoist insurgency, critically examining the ways in which revolutionary political mobilization changes social relations – often unexpectedly clashing with the movement's ideological goals. Focusing primarily on the end of Kailali's feudal system of bonded labor, Hoffmann explores the connection between politics, labor and Mao's legacy, documenting the impact of changing political contexts on labor relations among former debt-bonded laborers.

Men Without Work

Author: Nicholas Eberstadt
Publisher: Templeton Foundation Press
ISBN: 1599474697
Format: PDF, Kindle
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By one reading, things look pretty good for Americans today: the country is richer than ever before and the unemployment rate is down by half since the Great Recession lower today, in fact, than for most of the postwar era. But a closer look shows that something is going seriously wrong. This is the collapse of work most especially among America s men. Nicholas Eberstadt, a political economist who holds the Henry Wendt Chair in Political Economy at the American Enterprise Institute, shows that while unemployment has gone down, America s work rate is also lower today than a generation ago and that the work rate for US men has been spiraling downward for half a century. Astonishingly, the work rate for American males aged twenty-five to fifty-four or men of prime working age was actually slightly lower in 2015 than it had been in 1940: before the War, and at the tail end of the Great Depression. Today, nearly one in six prime working age men has no paid work at all and nearly one in eight is out of the labor force entirely, neither working nor even looking for work. This new normal of men without work, argues Eberstadt, is America s invisible crisis. So who are these men? How did they get there? What are they doing with their time? And what are the implications of this exit from work for American society? Nicholas Eberstadt lays out the issue and Jared Bernstein from the left and Henry Olsen from the right offer their responses to this national crisis. "

The Invisible Handcuffs of Capitalism

Author: Michael Perelman
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1583672303
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Mainstream economics ignores or distorts the most fundamental aspect of this reality: that the vast majority of people must, out of necessity, labor on behalf of others, transformed into nothing but a means to the end of maximum profits for their employers. The nature of the work we do and the conditions under which we do it profoundly shape our lives. And yet, both of these factors are peripheral to mainstream economics. By sweeping labor under the rug, mainstream economists hide the nature of capitalism, making it appear to be a system based upon equal exchange rather than exploitation inside every workplace.

Fed Up

Author: Gemma Hartley
Publisher: HarperOne
ISBN: 9780062855985
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A rousing call to arms, packed with surprising insights, that explores how carrying "the mental load"—the thankless day-to-day anticipating of needs and solving of problems large and small—is adversely affecting women’s lives and feeding gender inequality, and shows the way forward for better balancing our lives. Launching a heated national conversation with her viral article "Women Aren’t Nags; We’re Just Fed Up"—viewed over two billion times—journalist Gemma Hartley gave voice to the frustration and anger of countless women putting in the hidden, underappreciated, and absolutely draining mental work that consists of keeping everyone in their lives comfortable and happy. Bringing long overdue awareness to the daunting reality of emotional labor in our lives, Hartley defines the largely invisible but demanding, time-consuming, and exhausting "worry work" that falls disproportionately and unfairly on all women—no matter their economic class or level of education. Synthesizing a wide variety of sources—history, sociology, economics, psychology, philosophy, and anthropology—Hartley makes the invisible visible, unveiling the surprising shapes emotional labor takes at work, at home, in relationships, and in parenting. With on-the-ground reporting, identifiable personal stories and interviews from around the world, this feminist manifesto will empower women to transform their inner dialogue and give all women the emotional fortitude and courage to ask for what we most want—without shame, without guilt, and without the emotional baggage. Beyond naming the problem, Fed Up offers practical advice and solutions for teaching both men and women how to wield emotional labor to live more full and satisfying lives. Hartley helps us to see emotional labor not as a problem to be overcome, but as a genderless virtue we can all learn to channel in our quest to make a better, more egalitarian world for ourselves and most importantly, our children. Insightful, surprising, deeply relatable, and filled with all too familiar moments, this provocative, intelligent, and empathetic guide is essential reading for every woman who has had enough with feeling fed up.