Rethinking Juvenile Justice

Author: Elizabeth S Scott
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674043367
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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What should we do with teenagers who commit crimes? In this book, two leading scholars in law and adolescent development argue that juvenile justice should be grounded in the best available psychological science, which shows that adolescence is a distinctive state of cognitive and emotional development. Although adolescents are not children, they are also not fully responsible adults.

Juvenile Justice

Author: Francine Sherman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118105850
Format: PDF, Docs
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"The lessons in this book remind us that we can—and that we must—do better, for the sake of our children, their futures, and the sake of our nation. . . . This volume is a call to action, and I encourage everyone who reads it to take steps to ensure that all America's children are given an equal chance to succeed. We must all work together to replace the cradle-to-prison pipeline with a pipeline to responsible, productive adulthood." —From the Foreword by Marian Wright Edelman, JD, President and founder, Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC "Juvenile Justice: Advancing Research, Policy, and Practice appears at a critical time, when promising juvenile justice reforms are underway in so many jurisdictions across the United States. Sherman and Jacobs, and their impressive array of expert authors, fill a significant gap in the literature, making the current body of juvenile justice research and experience accessible to policy makers, researchers, and funders, and doing so through a practical and positive lens." —Patrick McCarthy, President and Chief Executive Officer, Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD "Most people have narrow views of what it means to be a delinquent youth. In Juvenile Justice: Advancing Research, Policy, and Practice, Sherman and Jacobs have diligently collected essays from the top experts in the juvenile justice field who tell an empirically based and powerful narrative of who is really in the delinquency system. As this book makes clear, until we ask and answer the right questions, we will remain unable to help the youth most in need." —Alexander Busansky, President, The National Council on Crime and Delinquency, Oakland, CA A comprehensive reference presenting a rehabilitative, youth- and community-centered vision of juvenile justice Juvenile Justice: Advancing Research, Policy, and Practice brings together experts in juvenile justice, child development, and public health to explore the intersections between juvenile justice and needed development of programs and policies that look out for the health and well-being of the youth who enter this system. This timely book provides a usable framework for imagining juvenile justice systems that emphasize the welfare of juveniles, achieved primarily through connections within their communities. A must-read for professionals working in juvenile courts and within juvenile justice agencies, Juvenile Justice: Advancing Research, Policy, and Practice reflects both the considerable advances and the challenges currently evident in the juvenile justice system, with an emphasis on the development and implementation of policies that can succeed in building a new generation of educated young people able to embrace their potential and build successful futures.

Juvenile Justice

Author: John T. Whitehead
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317534573
Format: PDF, ePub
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Juvenile Justice: An Introduction, 8th edition, presents a comprehensive picture of juvenile offending, delinquency theories, and how juvenile justice actors and agencies react to delinquency. It covers the history and development of the juvenile justice system and the unique issues related to juveniles, offering evidence-based suggestions for successful interventions and treatment and examining the new balance model of juvenile court. This new edition not only includes the latest available statistics on juvenile crime and victimization, drug use, court processing, and corrections, but provides insightful analysis of recent developments, such as those related to the use of probation supervision fees; responses to gangs and cyber bullying; implementing the deterrence model (Project Hope); the possible impact of drug legalization; the school-to-prison pipeline; the extent of victimization and mental illness in institutions; and implications of major court decisions regarding juveniles, such as Life Without Parole (LWOP) for juveniles. Each chapter enhances student understanding with Key Terms, a "What You Need to Know" section highlighting important points, and Discussion Questions. Links at key points in the text show students where they can go to get the latest information, and a comprehensive glossary aids comprehension.

Reforming Juvenile Justice

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309278937
Format: PDF, ePub
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Adolescence is a distinct, yet transient, period of development between childhood and adulthood characterized by increased experimentation and risk-taking, a tendency to discount long-term consequences, and heightened sensitivity to peers and other social influences. A key function of adolescence is developing an integrated sense of self, including individualization, separation from parents, and personal identity. Experimentation and novelty-seeking behavior, such as alcohol and drug use, unsafe sex, and reckless driving, are thought to serve a number of adaptive functions despite their risks. Research indicates that for most youth, the period of risky experimentation does not extend beyond adolescence, ceasing as identity becomes settled with maturity. Much adolescent involvement in criminal activity is part of the normal developmental process of identity formation and most adolescents will mature out of these tendencies. Evidence of significant changes in brain structure and function during adolescence strongly suggests that these cognitive tendencies characteristic of adolescents are associated with biological immaturity of the brain and with an imbalance among developing brain systems. This imbalance model implies dual systems: one involved in cognitive and behavioral control and one involved in socio-emotional processes. Accordingly adolescents lack mature capacity for self-regulations because the brain system that influences pleasure-seeking and emotional reactivity develops more rapidly than the brain system that supports self-control. This knowledge of adolescent development has underscored important differences between adults and adolescents with direct bearing on the design and operation of the justice system, raising doubts about the core assumptions driving the criminalization of juvenile justice policy in the late decades of the 20th century. It was in this context that the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) asked the National Research Council to convene a committee to conduct a study of juvenile justice reform. The goal of Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach was to review recent advances in behavioral and neuroscience research and draw out the implications of this knowledge for juvenile justice reform, to assess the new generation of reform activities occurring in the United States, and to assess the performance of OJJDP in carrying out its statutory mission as well as its potential role in supporting scientifically based reform efforts.

American Juvenile Justice

Author: Franklin E. Zimring
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199725365
Format: PDF, Mobi
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American Juvenile Justice is a definitive volume for courses on the criminology and policy analysis of adolescence. The focus is on the principles and policy of a separate and distinct system of juvenile justice. The book opens with an introduction of the creation of adolescence, presenting a justification for the category of the juvenile or a period of partial responsibility before full adulthood. Subsequent sections include empirical investigations of the nature of youth criminality and legal policy toward youth crime. At the heart of the book is an argument for a penal policy that recognizes diminished responsibility and a youth policy that emphasizes the benefits of letting the maturing process continue with minimal interruption. The book concludes with applications of the core concerns to five specific problem areas in current juvenile justice: teen pregnancy, transfer to criminal court, minority overrepresentation, juvenile gun use, and youth homicide.

Juvenile Justice

Author: Kären Hess
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1133049621
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A highly accessible, student-friendly text, JUVENILE JUSTICE, Sixth Edition, offers a practical and comprehensive look at the juvenile justice system. The text explores various programs and processes that exist in today’s field, including prevention efforts through school and community-based programs. The Sixth edition features a prestigious new coauthor--John Paul Wright from the University of Cincinnati--and provides a new emphasis on evidence-based practice and other cutting-edge issues such as cyberbullying, school violence, female delinquency, and more. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Juvenile Justice A Social Historical and Legal Perspective

Author: Preston Elrod
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449667600
Format: PDF, Docs
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A Fully Revised and Updated Edition of the Essential Juvenile Justice Textbook The juvenile justice system is a multifaceted entity that continually changes under the influence of decisions, policies, and laws. Juvenile Justice: A Social, Historical, and Legal Perspective, Fourth Edition is the most comprehensive reference on the juvenile justice system available. Reader-friendly but thorough, the text contains the most up-to-date research on juvenile justice operations and their effectiveness and is authored by two experts in the field. It presents contemporary topics in juvenile justice and situates them within a historical and theoretical context, covering juvenile justice history, the development of the juvenile court in the U.S., and contemporary juvenile justice practice, as well as chapters on status and violent offenders, and working in juvenile justice. Myth v. Reality boxes, FYI boxes, and Comparative Focus boxes provide students with important information, challenge preconceived ideas students may have about juvenile justice practice, critically examine juvenile justice practice, and maintain student interest. The fully revised and updated fourth edition includes the latest statistics and research data, new photos and figures, coverage of contemporary court cases, and new pedagogical features. Ideally suited for undergraduate students in juvenile justice courses, as well as graduate students and professionals seeking a comprehensive juvenile justice reference, Juvenile Justice: A Social, Historical, and Legal Perspective, Fourth Edition is the leading juvenile justice textbook on the market today.

Juvenile Crime Juvenile Justice

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309172356
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Even though youth crime rates have fallen since the mid-1990s, public fear and political rhetoric over the issue have heightened. The Columbine shootings and other sensational incidents add to the furor. Often overlooked are the underlying problems of child poverty, social disadvantage, and the pitfalls inherent to adolescent decisionmaking that contribute to youth crime. From a policy standpoint, adolescent offenders are caught in the crossfire between nurturance of youth and punishment of criminals, between rehabilitation and "get tough" pronouncements. In the midst of this emotional debate, the National Research Council's Panel on Juvenile Crime steps forward with an authoritative review of the best available data and analysis. Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice presents recommendations for addressing the many aspects of America's youth crime problem. This timely release discusses patterns and trends in crimes by children and adolescents--trends revealed by arrest data, victim reports, and other sources; youth crime within general crime; and race and sex disparities. The book explores desistance--the probability that delinquency or criminal activities decrease with age--and evaluates different approaches to predicting future crime rates. Why do young people turn to delinquency? Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice presents what we know and what we urgently need to find out about contributing factors, ranging from prenatal care, differences in temperament, and family influences to the role of peer relationships, the impact of the school policies toward delinquency, and the broader influences of the neighborhood and community. Equally important, this book examines a range of solutions: Prevention and intervention efforts directed to individuals, peer groups, and families, as well as day care-, school- and community-based initiatives. Intervention within the juvenile justice system. Role of the police. Processing and detention of youth offenders. Transferring youths to the adult judicial system. Residential placement of juveniles. The book includes background on the American juvenile court system, useful comparisons with the juvenile justice systems of other nations, and other important information for assessing this problem.

Juvenile Justice

Author: Robert Taylor
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
ISBN: 0073516929
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Juvenile Justice: Policies, Programs and Practices provides a student-friendly introduction to the juvenile justice system. Practical application is emphasized through features that focus on policies, programs, practices and careers. The text reviews the current legal atmosphere of juvenile justice and current events that have impacted the field.

Reforming Juvenile Justice

Author: Josine Junger-Tas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387892955
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book deals with a number of critical issue in juvenile justice that have not been dealt with in extenso before