Metal Ceramic Interfaces

Author: M. Rühle
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483287467
Format: PDF, Kindle
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As engineering materials and structures often contain a metal or metallic alloy bonded to a ceramic, the resultant interface must be able to sustain mechanical forces without failure. They also play an important role in oxidation or reduction of materials. The workshop on 'Bonding, Structure and Mechanical Properties of Metal/Ceramic Interfaces' was held in January 1989 within the Acta/Scripta Metallurgica conference series. It drew together an international collection of 70 scientists who discussed a wide range of issues related to metal-ceramic interfaces. The sessions were divided into 7 categories: structure and bonding, chemistry at interfaces, formation of interfaces, structure of interfaces, thermodynamics/atomistics of interface fracture, mechanics of interface cracks, and fracture resistance of bimaterial interfaces. Within these headings attention was paid to grain boundaries, the influence of chemical processes on the behaviour of interfaces, diffusion bonding, characterization of fracture, and crack propagation by fatigue and by stress corrosion. The book presents a useful reference source for materials scientists, physicists, chemists, and mechanical engineers who are concerned with the roles and properties of interfaces.

Advanced Materials Mechanical and Structural Engineering

Author: Seung Ho Hong
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315644681
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In the last decades, advanced materials and mechanics has become a hot topic in engineering. Recent trends show that the application of nanotechnology and environmental science together with advanced materials and mechanics are playing an increasingly important role in engineering applications. For catching up with this current trend, this book provides both theoretical and practical applications in the engineering analysis of materials, and incorporates these along with the latest analytical techniques, instrumentation, and regulations. This book covers various topics such as advanced construction materials, smart materials in manufacturing, nanotechnology in mechanics and materials science, smart structures and systems, vibration and noise control, informational technology of materials, power conversion and intelligent control and fluid dynamics among others. Furthermore, the authors provide guidelines to researchers and engineers, enabling them to prepare and understand the materials and construction responses and analyses. The analytical methods presented in engineering applications and analysis for materials will be useful to anyone who produces, uses, or evaluates construction data, and will be a valuable tool in advanced engineering education and training programs.

Introduction to the Characterization of Residual Stress by Neutron Diffraction

Author: M.T. Hutchings
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203402812
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Over the past 25 years the field of neutron diffraction for residual stress characterization has grown tremendously, and has matured from the stage of trial demonstrations to provide a practical tool with widespread applications in materials science and engineering. While the literature on the subject has grown commensurately, it has also remained fragmented and scattered across various journals and conference proceedings. For the first time, this volume presents a comprehensive introduction to stress measurement using neutron diffraction. It discusses all aspects of the technique, from the basic physics, the different neutron sources and instrumentation, to the various strategies for lattice strain measurement and data interpretation. These are illustrated by practical examples. This book represents a coherent unified treatment of the subject, written by well-known experts. It will prepare students, engineers, and other newcomers for their first neutron diffraction experiments and provide experts with a definitive reference work.

Materials Selection in Mechanical Design

Author: Michael F. Ashby
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0081006101
Format: PDF, ePub
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Materials Selection in Mechanical Design, Fifth Edition, describes the procedures for material selection in mechanical design in order to ensure that the most suitable materials for a given application are identified from the full range of materials and section shapes available. Extensively revised for this fifth edition, the book is recognized as one of the leading materials selection texts, providing a unique and innovative resource for students, engineers, and product/industrial designers. Includes significant revisions to chapters on advanced materials selection methods and process selection, with coverage of newer processing developments such as additive manufacturing Contains a broad scope of new material classes covered in the text with expanded data tables that include “functional materials such as piezoelectric, magnetostrictive, magneto-caloric, and thermo-electric materials Presents improved pedagogy, such as new worked examples throughout the text and additional end-of-chapter exercises (moved from an appendix to the relevant chapters) to aid in student learning and to keep the book fresh for instructors through multiple semesters “Forces for Change chapter has been re-written to outline the links between materials and sustainable design

Metallurgical and Ceramic Protective Coatings

Author: K.H. Stern
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400915012
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Surface engineering is an increasingly important field and consequently those involved need to be aware of the vast range of technologies available to modify surfaces. This text provides an up-to-date, authoritative exposition of the major condensed phase methods used for producing metallurgical and ceramic coatings. Each method is discussed thoroughly by an expert in that field. In each chapter the principle of the method, its range of applications and technical aspects involved are described. The book not only informs the reader about established technologies familiar only to specialists, but also details activity on the frontier of coating technology providing an insight into those potential technologies not yet fully developed but which should emerge in the near future.

Small Fatigue Cracks Mechanics Mechanisms and Applications

Author: K.S. Ravichandran
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080569703
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book contains the fully peer-reviewed papers presented at the Third Engineering Foundation Conference on Small Fatigue Cracks, held under the chairmanship of K.S. Ravichandran and Y. Murakami during December 6-11, 1998, at the Turtle Bay Hilton, Oahu, Hawaii. This book presents a state-of-the-art description of the mechanics, mechanisms and applications of small fatigue cracks by most of the world's leading experts in this field. Topics ranging from the mechanisms of crack initiation, small crack behavior in metallic, intermetallic, ceramic and composite materials, experimental measurement, mechanistic and theoretical models, to the role of small cracks in fretting fatigue and the application of small crack results to the aging aircraft and high-cycle fatigue problems, are covered.

Advanced Composites for Aerospace Marine and Land Applications II

Author: T. Sano
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331948141X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The papers in this volume cover a broad spectrum of topics that represent the truly diverse nature of the field of composite materials. In recent years, composite materials have grown in strength, stature, and significance to become a key material of enhanced scientific interest and resultant research into understanding their behavior for selection and safe use in a wide spectrum of technology-related applications. This collection presents research and findings relevant to the latest advances in composites materials, specifically their use in aerospace, maritime, and even land applications. The editors have made every effort to bring together authors who put forth recent advances in their research while concurrently both elaborating on and thereby enhancing our prevailing understanding of the salient aspects related to the science, engineering, and far-reaching technological applications of composite materials.

Nanostructured Materials

Author: Gan-Moog Chow
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Pub
ISBN: 9780792350712
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The NATO Advanced Study Institute (ASI) on Nanostructured Materials successfully provided a critical, up-to-date tutorial review and discussion on science and technology of nanostructured metallic and ceramic materials. Focuses were placed on synthesis and processing of nanoparticles, assembly and stability of nanostructures, characterization, and properties, and applications. The NATO ASI was sponsored by NATO grant # 961148 and cosponsors included the Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, Russian Academy of Science and Russian Foundation for Basic Research. Held at the State Education Center in St. Petersburg, Russia August 10-20, 1997, the NATO ASI involved a total of 108 participants (25 lecturers and 83 ASI students) from 46 countries.

Carbon Nanotubes

Author: Arvind Agarwal
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439811504
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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From the Foreword, written by legendary nano pioneer M. Meyyappan, Chief Scientist for Exploration Technology NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California, USA: "...there is critical need for a book to summarize the status of the field but more importantly to lay out the principles behind the technology. This is what Professor Arvind Agarwal and his co-workers ... have done here." Carbon Nanotubes: Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites reflects the authors’ desire to share the benefits of nanotechnology with the masses by developing metal matrix carbon nanotube (MM-CNT) composites for large-scale applications. Multiwall carbon nanotubes can now be produced on a large scale and at a significantly reduced cost. The book explores potential applications and applies the author’s own research to highlight critical developmental issues for different MM-CNT composites—and then outline novel solutions. With this problem-solving approach, the book explores: Advantages, limitations, and the evolution of processing techniques used for MM-CNT composites Characterization techniques unique to the study of MM-CNT composites—and the limitations of these methods Existing research on different MM-CNT composites, presented in useful tables that include composition, processing method, quality of CNT dispersion, and properties The micro-mechanical strengthening that results from adding CNT The applicability of micro-mechanics models in MM-CNT composites Significance of chemical stability for carbon nanotubes in the metal matrix as a function of processing, and its impact on CNT/metal interface and mechanical properties Computational studies that have not been sufficiently covered although they are essential to research and development The critical issue of CNT dispersion in the metal matrix, as well as a unique way to quantify CNT distribution and subsequently improve control of the processing parameters for obtaining improved properties Carbon Nanotubes: Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites paints a vivid picture of scientific and application achievements in this field. Exploring the mechanisms through which CNTs are enhancing the properties of different metal-based composites, the authors provide a roadmap to help researchers develop MM-CNT composites and choose potential materials for use in emerging areas of technology.