Navigating Numeracies

Author: Brian V. Street
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402036779
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Abstract. This introduction sets the scene for the remainder of the book by considering first the international context of widespread concern about the improvement of numeracy skills. This is related to reform movements in the UK, the US and other countries aimed at modernising primary (elementary) school mathematics curricula. A detailed account is given of the National Numeracy Strategy in England, a systemic government-imposed response to concern about standards implemented in 1999/2000. This includes a discussion of the alternative meanings of numeracy. An earlier initiative sponsored by a UK charitable trust reacting to concern about primary numeracy was the Leverhulme Numeracy Research Programme. This large-scale longitudinal study and linked set of case-study projects, focusing on reasons for low attainment, took place during 1997-2002. This book, and each other in the same series, is based on results of that research. The timescale fortuitously enabled the research team to also report on some effects of the systemic reform in the National Numeracy Strategy. 1. THE INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT In many countries, there are recurring periods of national concern about the low standards of calculation skills shown by children in primary (elementary) schools. Recently these concerns have become more urgent and more political with the publication of international comparisons of mathematical achievement, first at secondary and more recently at primary level (e. g. Lapointe, Mead et al. 1992; Mullis et al. , 1997).

What Teachers Need to Know about Numeracy

Author: Westwood
Publisher: Aust Council for Ed Research
ISBN: 0864319045
Format: PDF, Kindle
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There is an increasing need for numeracy skills in all aspects of life. This book explores the issues that are emerging regarding the teaching of these skills, beginning with preschool and the early years of primary school through to adults with poor numeracy skills. It draws on research and relevant literature from several different countries to provide a comprehensive overview of the subject and contains many links to other sources of information and additional resources.

The Great Literacy Debate

Author: Andrew Goodwyn
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136705759
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book is the first definitive, and objective, attempt to examine the actual impact of The National Literacy Strategy, and its secondary version, The Framework for English.

Learning Social Interaction and Diversity Exploring Identities in School Practices

Author: Eva Hjörne
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9460918034
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The main idea of the book is to contribute to a broader understanding of learning, identity and diversity by presenting actual research findings that were retrieved from classroom settings and related social practices. Learning is to a large extent an ongoing social process as both students and their teachers learn by being part of shared social practices through social interactions that facilitate learning gains. Sociocultural research shows that the organization of schooling promotes or restricts learning, and is a crucial factor to understand how children from a diversity of backgrounds profit from instruction. This is a first urgent issue to be considered by teachers and teacher education in our socio and culturally diverse society. A second issue is the on-going debate about learning as a process that involves the construction of identities in schools and classrooms, and in the transitions between school and home practices. Last but not least, since school practices can be addressed from the perspective of diversity and special educational needs an on-going discussion about optimizing pedagogical approaches is of main importance to allow maximum educational effectiveness. Our potential audience for this book are researchers, post-graduate students in education and psychology, teachers, teacher education, other academics and policy makers.

Family and Community in and Out of the Classroom Ways to Improve Mathematics Achievement

Author: Javier Díez-Palomar
Publisher: Servei de Publicacions de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
ISBN: 8449028450
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Family and community in and out of the classroom introduce the reader to the field of family engagement in mathematics teaching and learning processes. Scientific evidence collected by the European Union throughout many different studies in a number of research programs, highlights researchers' increasing interest for the role that families play in the process of learning. There is a set of evidence demonstrating the positive impact of family engagement and students' performance. In this book we collect the main findings achieved in the frame of FAMA - Family Math for Adult Learners. Drawing on these results, it seems clear that activities conducted in and out of the classroom have a strong impact on students' scores in mathematics. Throughout this book, the reader will find what are the main trends in mathematics family education in Europe and other World regions, as well as what are the more successful actions in this field.

Mathematical Subjects

Author: Fiona Walls
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441905970
Format: PDF, ePub
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Teaching and learning mathematics is a political act in which children, teachers, parents, and policy makers are made visible as subjects. As they learn about mathematics, children are also learning about themselves – who they are, who they might become. We can choose to listen or not to what children have to say about learning mathematics. Such choices constitute us in relations of power. Mathematical know-how is widely regarded as essential not only to the life chances of individuals, but also to the health of communities and the economic well-being of nations. With the globalisation of education in an increasingly market-oriented world, mathematics has received intensified attention in the first decade of the twenty-first century with a shifting emphasis on utilitarian aspects of mathematics. This is reflected in the reconceptualisation of mathematical competence as mathematical literacy, loosely conceived as those ways of thinking, reasoning and working “mathematically” that allow us to engage effectively in everyday situations, in many occupations, and the cut and thrust of world economies as active, empowered and participatory citizens. It is no surprise then that mathematics has become one of the most politically charged subjects in primary school curricula worldwide. We are experiencing an unprecedented proliferation of regional and national strategies to establish benchmarks, raise standards, enhance achievement, close gaps, and leave no child behind in mathematics education. Industries have sprung up around the design, administration and monitoring of standardised assessment to measure and compare children’s mathematical achievement against identified benchmarks and each other.

Literacy in Theory and Practice

Author: Brian V. Street
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521289610
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book challenges conventional theories about literacy, and the practices which often arise from them. It attempts to provide a new perspective through which the variety of literacy practices across different cultures can be viewed and from which the practical issues that arise in specific literacy campaigns and programmes can be approached. Dr Street first examines the explicit theories developed about literacy within different academic disciplines, on the premise that these underlie statements about literacy within development campaigns and in everyday usage. He analyses in detail arguments about the 'technical' and 'neutral' nature of literacy and its supposed 'cognitive' consequences in the work of some psychologists, linguists and social anthropologists. He claims that these amount to a coherent but flawed model that he terms the 'autonomous' model of literacy. Against this he poses an 'ideological' model, one which pays greater attention to the social structure. He attempts to bring together recent shifts in this direction in writings on literacy and to construct a coherent model for further work.

The Good Teacher

Author: Alex Moore
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415335645
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Moore's insightful text explores and makes better sense of professional practice by examining that practice in the context of popular views. The book identifies and elaborates three dominant discourses of good teaching: * the competent craftsperson, currently favoured by central governments * the reflective practitioner, which continues to get widespread support among teacher trainers and educators * the charismatic subject, whose popular appeal is evidenced in filmic and other media representations of teaching. All of these are critiqued on the basis of their capacity both to help and to hinder improved practice and understandings of practice. In particular, it is argued that the discourses all have a tendency, if not checked, to over-emphasise the individual teacher's or student teacher's responsibility for successful and unsuccessful classroom encounters, and to understate the role of the wider society and education system in such successes and failures. Winner of a Society for Education Studies book prize in 2005, this is a well-informed source of advice and support for teachers and anyone considering teaching as a career.