Ordinal Measurement in the Behavioral Sciences

Author: Norman Cliff
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135691681
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book provides an alternative method for measuring individual differences in psychological, educational, and other behavioral sciences studies. It is based on the assumptions of ordinal statistics as explained in Norman Cliff's 1996 Ordinal Methods for Behavioral Data Analysis. It provides the necessary background on ordinal measurement to permit its use to assess psychological and psychophysical tests and scales and interpret the data obtained. The authors believe that some of the behavioral measurement models used today do not fit the data or are inherently self-contradictory. Applications of these models can therefore lead to unwarranted inferences regarding the status of the derived variables. These methods can also be difficult to apply, particularly in small-sample contexts without making additional, unrealistic assumptions. Ordinal methods more closely reflect the original data, are simple to apply, and can be used in samples of any size. The book's approach is in essence a return to simple empiricism in psychological measurement. Ordinal Measurement in the Behavioral Sciences provides: *methods for analyzing test responses; *extensive discussions of ordinal approaches to analyzing data that are judgments of stimuli; *methods for treating psychological data in ways consistent with its ordinal nature so as to stimulate new developments in this area; and *ordinal test theory and the unfolding methods that are applicable to cross-cultural studies. Advanced students, researchers, and practitioners concerned with psychological measurement should find this book relevant. Measurement professionals will find it provides useful and simple methods that stimulate thought about measurement's real issues.

Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences

Author: Frederick J Gravetter
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1133713297
Format: PDF
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This field-leading introduction to statistics for the behavioral and social sciences text continues to offer straightforward instruction, accuracy, built-in learning aids, and real-world examples. The goals of STATISTICS FOR THE BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES, 9th Edition are to teach the methods of statistics and convey the basic principles of objectivity and logic that are essential for science- and valuable in everyday life. Authors Frederick Gravetter and Larry Wallnau help students understand statistical procedures through a conceptual context that explains why the procedures were developed and when they should be used. Students have numerous opportunities to practice statistical techniques through learning checks, examples, step-by-step demonstrations, and problems. Aplia, an assignable, gradeable online homework solution, joins an already-robust set of available book resources that includes PowerLecture, WebTutor, an Instructor's Manual/TestBank, and more. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Nonparametric Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences

Author: M. Kraska-MIller
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466507608
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Incorporating a hands-on pedagogical approach, Nonparametric Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences presents the concepts, principles, and methods used in performing many nonparametric procedures. It also demonstrates practical applications of the most common nonparametric procedures using IBM’s SPSS software. This text is the only current nonparametric book written specifically for students in the behavioral and social sciences. Emphasizing sound research designs, appropriate statistical analyses, and accurate interpretations of results, the text: Explains a conceptual framework for each statistical procedure Presents examples of relevant research problems, associated research questions, and hypotheses that precede each procedure Details SPSS paths for conducting various analyses Discusses the interpretations of statistical results and conclusions of the research With minimal coverage of formulas, the book takes a nonmathematical approach to nonparametric data analysis procedures and shows students how they are used in research contexts. Each chapter includes examples, exercises, and SPSS screen shots illustrating steps of the statistical procedures and resulting output.

Ordinal Methods for Behavioral Data Analysis

Author: Norman Cliff
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317781430
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book was written with the belief that ordinal statistical methods--sometimes discussed under the title of "nonparametric statistics"--deserve much more serious attention as research tools than they have traditionally had. There are three classes of reasons for this: *Many behavioral variables constitute only ordinal scales, not interval measurements that are required for traditional statistics. *Various research issues that are of primary interest in behavioral research are themselves questions about order: Which group scores higher? Is the order on this variable similar to the order on that? *Inferences from ordinal statistics are less subject to distributional peculiarities of the data than are those from traditional statistics. Taking an innovative approach, this book treats ordinal methods in an integrated way rather than as a compendium of unrelated methods, and emphasizes that the ordinal quantities are highly meaningful in their own right, not just as stand-ins for more traditional correlations or analyses of variance. In fact, since the ordinal statistics have desirable descriptive properties of their own, the book treats them parametrically, rather then nonparametrically. The author discusses how ordinal statistics can be applied in a much wider set of research situations than has usually been thought, and that they can often come closer to answering the researcher's primary questions than traditional ones can. And he includes some extensions of ordinal methods in order to accomplish that end.

Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences

Author: Gregory J. Privitera
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506386237
Format: PDF
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The engaging Third Edition of Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences shows students that statistics can be understandable, interesting, and relevant to their daily lives. Using a conversational tone, award-winning teacher and author Gregory J. Privitera speaks to the reader as researcher when covering statistical theory, computation, and application. Robust pedagogy allows students to continually check their comprehension and hone their skills when working through carefully developed problems and exercises that include current research and seamless integration of SPSS. This edition will not only prepare students to be lab-ready, but also give them the confidence to use statistics to summarize data and make decisions about behavior.

Introductory Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences

Author: Joan Welkowitz
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470893672
Format: PDF
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A comprehensive and user-friendly introduction to statistics-now revised and updated Introductory Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences has had a long and successful history and is a popular and well-respected statistics text. Now in its sixth edition, the text has been thoroughly revised to present all the topics students in the behavioral sciences need in a uniquely accessible format that aids in the comprehension and implementation of the statistical analyses most commonly used in the behavioral sciences. Using a continuous narrative that explains statistics and tracks a common data set throughout, the authors have developed an innovative approach that makes the material unintimidating and memorable, providing a framework that connects all of the topics in the text and allows for easy comparison of different statistical analyses. New features in this Sixth Edition include: * Different aspects of a common data set are used to illustrate the various statistical methods throughout the text, with an emphasis on drawing connections between seemingly disparate statistical procedures and formulas * Computer exercises based on the same large data set and relevant to that chapter's content. The data set can be analyzed by any available statistical software * New "Bridge to SPSS" sections at the end of each chapter explain, for those using this very popular statistical package, how to perform that chapter's statistical procedures by computer, and how to translate the output from SPSS * New chapters on multiple comparisons and repeated-measures ANOVA

Fundamental Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Author: Howard T. Tokunaga
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 148331880X
Format: PDF, ePub
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This thematically-based textbook places statistics within the research process, illustrating how statistics are used to answer questions and test ideas. Students learn not only how to calculate statistics, but also how to interpret the results of statistical analyses in light of a study’s research hypothesis and to communicate their results and interpretations to a broader audience. Featuring accessible writing and well-integrated research examples, Fundamental Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences by Howard T. Tokunaga is designed to help readers develop an appreciation of how statistics are applied to topics and questions of interest, gain an appreciation of issues related to the use of statistics, and enhance their understanding of the research process and the role of statistics within it.

Statistical Concepts for the Behavioral Sciences

Author: Harold O. Kiess
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
ISBN: 9780205166480
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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An introduction to statistics for the behavioural sciences in which emphasis is placed on developing and explaining statistics in the context of actual research problems. Formal statistical theory is minimized in favour of a conceptual approach to statistics.