Partial Differential Equations for Probabilists

Author: Daniel W. Stroock
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107400528
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book deals with equations that have played a central role in the interplay between partial differential equations and probability theory. Most of this material has been treated elsewhere, but it is rarely presented in a manner that makes it readily accessible to people whose background is probability theory. Many results are given new proofs designed for readers with limited expertise in analysis. The author covers the theory of linear, second order partial differential equations of parabolic and elliptic type. Many of the techniques have antecedents in probability theory, although the book also covers a few purely analytic techniques. In particular, a chapter is devoted to the DeGiorgi-Moser-Nash estimates and the concluding chapter gives an introduction to the theory of pseudodifferential operators and their application to hypoellipticity, including the famous theorem of Lars Hörmander.

PDE and Martingale Methods in Option Pricing

Author: Andrea Pascucci
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9788847017818
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book offers an introduction to the mathematical, probabilistic and numerical methods used in the modern theory of option pricing. The text is designed for readers with a basic mathematical background. The first part contains a presentation of the arbitrage theory in discrete time. In the second part, the theories of stochastic calculus and parabolic PDEs are developed in detail and the classical arbitrage theory is analyzed in a Markovian setting by means of of PDEs techniques. After the martingale representation theorems and the Girsanov theory have been presented, arbitrage pricing is revisited in the martingale theory optics. General tools from PDE and martingale theories are also used in the analysis of volatility modeling. The book also contains an Introduction to Lévy processes and Malliavin calculus. The last part is devoted to the description of the numerical methods used in option pricing: Monte Carlo, binomial trees, finite differences and Fourier transform.

Stochastic Processes and Applications

Author: Grigorios A. Pavliotis
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493913239
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book presents various results and techniques from the theory of stochastic processes that are useful in the study of stochastic problems in the natural sciences. The main focus is analytical methods, although numerical methods and statistical inference methodologies for studying diffusion processes are also presented. The goal is the development of techniques that are applicable to a wide variety of stochastic models that appear in physics, chemistry and other natural sciences. Applications such as stochastic resonance, Brownian motion in periodic potentials and Brownian motors are studied and the connection between diffusion processes and time-dependent statistical mechanics is elucidated. The book contains a large number of illustrations, examples, and exercises. It will be useful for graduate-level courses on stochastic processes for students in applied mathematics, physics and engineering. Many of the topics covered in this book (reversible diffusions, convergence to equilibrium for diffusion processes, inference methods for stochastic differential equations, derivation of the generalized Langevin equation, exit time problems) cannot be easily found in textbook form and will be useful to both researchers and students interested in the applications of stochastic processes.

Stochastic Analysis and Applications to Finance

Author: Tusheng Zhang
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814383589
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This volume is a collection of solicited and refereed articles from distinguished researchers across the field of stochastic analysis and its application to finance. The articles represent new directions and newest developments in this exciting and fast growing area. The covered topics range from Markov processes, backward stochastic differential equations, stochastic partial differential equations, stochastic control, potential theory, functional inequalities, optimal stopping, portfolio selection, to risk measure and risk theory. It will be a very useful book for young researchers who want to learn about the research directions in the area, as well as experienced researchers who want to know about the latest developments in the area of stochastic analysis and mathematical finance. Sample Chapter(s). Editorial Foreword (58 KB). Chapter 1: Non-Linear Evolution Equations Driven by Rough Paths (399 KB). Contents: Non-Linear Evolution Equations Driven by Rough Paths (Thomas Cass, Zhongmin Qian and Jan Tudor); Optimal Stopping Times with Different Information Levels and with Time Uncertainty (Arijit Chakrabarty and Xin Guo); Finite Horizon Optimal Investment and Consumption with CARA Utility and Proportional Transaction Costs (Yingshan Chen, Min Dai and Kun Zhao); MUniform Integrability of Exponential Martingales and Spectral Bounds of Non-Local Feynman-Kac Semigroups (Zhen-Qing Chen); Continuous-Time Mean-Variance Portfolio Selection with Finite Transactions (Xiangyu Cui, Jianjun Gao and Duan Li); Quantifying Model Uncertainties in the Space of Probability Measures (J Duan, T Gao and G He); A PDE Approach to Multivariate Risk Theory (Robert J Elliott, Tak Kuen Siu and Hailiang Yang); Stochastic Analysis on Loop Groups (Shizan Fang); Existence and Stability of Measure Solutions for BSDE with Generators of Quadratic Growth (Alexander Fromm, Peter Imkeller and Jianing Zhang); Convex Capital Requirements for Large Portfolios (Hans FAllmer and Thomas Knispel); The Mixed Equilibrium of Insider Trading in the Market with Rational Expected Price (Fuzhou Gong and Hong Liu); Some Results on Backward Stochastic Differential Equations Driven by Fractional Brownian Motions (Yaozhong Hu, Daniel Ocone and Jian Song); Potential Theory of Subordinate Brownian Motions Revisited (Panki Kim, Renming Song and Zoran Vondraiek); Research on Social Causes of the Financial Crisis (Steven Kou); Wick Formulas and Inequalities for the Quaternion Gaussian and -Permanental Variables (Wenbo V Li and Ang Wei); Further Study on Web Markov Skeleton Processes (Yuting Liu, Zhi-Ming Ma and Chuan Zhou); MLE of Parameters in the Drifted Brownian Motion and Its Error (Lemee Nakamura and Weian Zheng); Optimal Partial Information Control of SPDEs with Delay and Time-Advanced Backward SPDEs (Bernt yksendal, Agn s Sulem and Tusheng Zhang); Simulation of Diversified Portfolios in Continuous Financial Markets (Eckhard Platen and Renata Rendek); Coupling and Applications (Feng-Yu Wang); SDEs and a Generalised Burgers Equation (Jiang-Lun Wu and Wei Yang); Mean-Variance Hedging in the Discontinuous Case (Jianming Xia). Readership: Graduates and researchers in stochatic analysis and mathematical finance.

Degenerate Diffusion Operators Arising in Population Biology AM 185

Author: Charles L. Epstein
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400846102
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book provides the mathematical foundations for the analysis of a class of degenerate elliptic operators defined on manifolds with corners, which arise in a variety of applications such as population genetics, mathematical finance, and economics. The results discussed in this book prove the uniqueness of the solution to the Martingale problem and therefore the existence of the associated Markov process. Charles Epstein and Rafe Mazzeo use an "integral kernel method" to develop mathematical foundations for the study of such degenerate elliptic operators and the stochastic processes they define. The precise nature of the degeneracies of the principal symbol for these operators leads to solutions of the parabolic and elliptic problems that display novel regularity properties. Dually, the adjoint operator allows for rather dramatic singularities, such as measures supported on high codimensional strata of the boundary. Epstein and Mazzeo establish the uniqueness, existence, and sharp regularity properties for solutions to the homogeneous and inhomogeneous heat equations, as well as a complete analysis of the resolvent operator acting on Hölder spaces. They show that the semigroups defined by these operators have holomorphic extensions to the right half-plane. Epstein and Mazzeo also demonstrate precise asymptotic results for the long-time behavior of solutions to both the forward and backward Kolmogorov equations.

From Fourier Analysis and Number Theory to Radon Transforms and Geometry

Author: Hershel M. Farkas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461440742
Format: PDF, ePub
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​​​A memorial conference for Leon Ehrenpreis was held at Temple University, November 15-16, 2010. In the spirit of Ehrenpreis’s contribution to mathematics, the papers in this volume, written by prominent mathematicians, represent the wide breadth of subjects that Ehrenpreis traversed in his career, including partial differential equations, combinatorics, number theory, complex analysis and a bit of applied mathematics. With the exception of one survey article, the papers in this volume are all new results in the various fields in which Ehrenpreis worked . There are papers in pure analysis, papers in number theory, papers in what may be called applied mathematics such as population biology and parallel refractors and papers in partial differential equations. The mature mathematician will find new mathematics and the advanced graduate student will find many new ideas to explore.​A biographical sketch of Leon Ehrenpreis by his daughter, a professional journalist, enhances the memorial tribute and gives the reader a glimpse into the life and career of a great mathematician.

Analysis and Geometry of Markov Diffusion Operators

Author: Dominique Bakry
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319002279
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The present volume is an extensive monograph on the analytic and geometric aspects of Markov diffusion operators. It focuses on the geometric curvature properties of the underlying structure in order to study convergence to equilibrium, spectral bounds, functional inequalities such as Poincaré, Sobolev or logarithmic Sobolev inequalities, and various bounds on solutions of evolution equations. At the same time, it covers a large class of evolution and partial differential equations. The book is intended to serve as an introduction to the subject and to be accessible for beginning and advanced scientists and non-specialists. Simultaneously, it covers a wide range of results and techniques from the early developments in the mid-eighties to the latest achievements. As such, students and researchers interested in the modern aspects of Markov diffusion operators and semigroups and their connections to analytic functional inequalities, probabilistic convergence to equilibrium and geometric curvature will find it especially useful. Selected chapters can also be used for advanced courses on the topic.

Foundations of Ergodic Theory

Author: Marcelo Viana
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107126967
Format: PDF, ePub
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Self-contained introductory textbook suitable for a variety of one- or two-semester courses. Rich with examples, applications and exercises.