Stochastic Processes

Author: Richard F. Bass
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113950147X
Format: PDF, ePub
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This comprehensive guide to stochastic processes gives a complete overview of the theory and addresses the most important applications. Pitched at a level accessible to beginning graduate students and researchers from applied disciplines, it is both a course book and a rich resource for individual readers. Subjects covered include Brownian motion, stochastic calculus, stochastic differential equations, Markov processes, weak convergence of processes and semigroup theory. Applications include the Black–Scholes formula for the pricing of derivatives in financial mathematics, the Kalman–Bucy filter used in the US space program and also theoretical applications to partial differential equations and analysis. Short, readable chapters aim for clarity rather than full generality. More than 350 exercises are included to help readers put their new-found knowledge to the test and to prepare them for tackling the research literature.

Convergence of Stochastic Processes

Author: David Pollard
Publisher: David Pollard
ISBN: 0387909907
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Functionals on stochastic processes; Uniform convergence of empirical measures; Convergence in distribution in euclidean spaces; Convergence in distribution in metric spaces; The uniform metric on space of cadlag functions; The skorohod metric on D [0, oo); Central limit teorems; Martingales.

Stochastic Processes and Applications

Author: Grigorios A. Pavliotis
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493913239
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book presents various results and techniques from the theory of stochastic processes that are useful in the study of stochastic problems in the natural sciences. The main focus is analytical methods, although numerical methods and statistical inference methodologies for studying diffusion processes are also presented. The goal is the development of techniques that are applicable to a wide variety of stochastic models that appear in physics, chemistry and other natural sciences. Applications such as stochastic resonance, Brownian motion in periodic potentials and Brownian motors are studied and the connection between diffusion processes and time-dependent statistical mechanics is elucidated. The book contains a large number of illustrations, examples, and exercises. It will be useful for graduate-level courses on stochastic processes for students in applied mathematics, physics and engineering. Many of the topics covered in this book (reversible diffusions, convergence to equilibrium for diffusion processes, inference methods for stochastic differential equations, derivation of the generalized Langevin equation, exit time problems) cannot be easily found in textbook form and will be useful to both researchers and students interested in the applications of stochastic processes.

Stochastic Processes

Author: Robert G. Gallager
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107435315
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This definitive textbook provides a solid introduction to discrete and continuous stochastic processes, tackling a complex field in a way that instils a deep understanding of the relevant mathematical principles, and develops an intuitive grasp of the way these principles can be applied to modelling real-world systems. It includes a careful review of elementary probability and detailed coverage of Poisson, Gaussian and Markov processes with richly varied queuing applications. The theory and applications of inference, hypothesis testing, estimation, random walks, large deviations, martingales and investments are developed. Written by one of the world's leading information theorists, evolving over twenty years of graduate classroom teaching and enriched by over 300 exercises, this is an exceptional resource for anyone looking to develop their understanding of stochastic processes.

Stochastic Processes

Author: Peter Watts Jones
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498778127
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Based on a well-established and popular course taught by the authors over many years, Stochastic Processes: An Introduction, Third Edition, discusses the modelling and analysis of random experiments, where processes evolve over time. The text begins with a review of relevant fundamental probability. It then covers gambling problems, random walks, and Markov chains. The authors go on to discuss random processes continuous in time, including Poisson, birth and death processes, and general population models, and present an extended discussion on the analysis of associated stationary processes in queues. The book also explores reliability and other random processes, such as branching, martingales, and simple epidemics. A new chapter describing Brownian motion, where the outcomes are continuously observed over continuous time, is included. Further applications, worked examples and problems, and biographical details have been added to this edition. Much of the text has been reworked. The appendix contains key results in probability for reference. This concise, updated book makes the material accessible, highlighting simple applications and examples. A solutions manual with fully worked answers of all end-of-chapter problems, and Mathematica® and R programs illustrating many processes discussed in the book, can be downloaded from crcpress.com.

Theory of Stochastic Processes

Author: Dmytro Gusak
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387878621
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Providing the necessary materials within a theoretical framework, this volume presents stochastic principles and processes, and related areas. Over 1000 exercises illustrate the concepts discussed, including modern approaches to sample paths and optimal stopping.

Random Graph Dynamics

Author: Rick Durrett
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139460889
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The theory of random graphs began in the late 1950s in several papers by Erdos and Renyi. In the late twentieth century, the notion of six degrees of separation, meaning that any two people on the planet can be connected by a short chain of people who know each other, inspired Strogatz and Watts to define the small world random graph in which each site is connected to k close neighbors, but also has long-range connections. At a similar time, it was observed in human social and sexual networks and on the Internet that the number of neighbors of an individual or computer has a power law distribution. This inspired Barabasi and Albert to define the preferential attachment model, which has these properties. These two papers have led to an explosion of research. The purpose of this book is to use a wide variety of mathematical argument to obtain insights into the properties of these graphs. A unique feature is the interest in the dynamics of process taking place on the graph in addition to their geometric properties, such as connectedness and diameter.

Markov Chains

Author: J. R. Norris
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521633963
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In this rigorous account the author studies both discrete-time and continuous-time chains. A distinguishing feature is an introduction to more advanced topics such as martingales and potentials, in the established context of Markov chains. There are applications to simulation, economics, optimal control, genetics, queues and many other topics, and a careful selection of exercises and examples drawn both from theory and practice. This is an ideal text for seminars on random processes or for those that are more oriented towards applications, for advanced undergraduates or graduate students with some background in basic probability theory.

Quantum Stochastic Processes and Noncommutative Geometry

Author: Kalyan B. Sinha
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139461699
Format: PDF, ePub
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The classical theory of stochastic processes has important applications arising from the need to describe irreversible evolutions in classical mechanics; analogously quantum stochastic processes can be used to model the dynamics of irreversible quantum systems. Noncommutative, i.e. quantum, geometry provides a framework in which quantum stochastic structures can be explored. This book is the first to describe how these two mathematical constructions are related. In particular, key ideas of semigroups and complete positivity are combined to yield quantum dynamical semigroups (QDS). Sinha and Goswami also develop a general theory of Evans-Hudson dilation for both bounded and unbounded coefficients. The unique features of the book, including the interaction of QDS and quantum stochastic calculus with noncommutative geometry and a thorough discussion of this calculus with unbounded coefficients, will make it of interest to graduate students and researchers in functional analysis, probability and mathematical physics.

Brownian Motion

Author: Peter Mörters
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139486578
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This eagerly awaited textbook covers everything the graduate student in probability wants to know about Brownian motion, as well as the latest research in the area. Starting with the construction of Brownian motion, the book then proceeds to sample path properties like continuity and nowhere differentiability. Notions of fractal dimension are introduced early and are used throughout the book to describe fine properties of Brownian paths. The relation of Brownian motion and random walk is explored from several viewpoints, including a development of the theory of Brownian local times from random walk embeddings. Stochastic integration is introduced as a tool and an accessible treatment of the potential theory of Brownian motion clears the path for an extensive treatment of intersections of Brownian paths. An investigation of exceptional points on the Brownian path and an appendix on SLE processes, by Oded Schramm and Wendelin Werner, lead directly to recent research themes.