Strange Functions in Real Analysis Second Edition

Author: Alexander Kharazishvili
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420034844
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Weierstrass and Blancmange nowhere differentiable functions, Lebesgue integrable functions with everywhere divergent Fourier series, and various nonintegrable Lebesgue measurable functions. While dubbed strange or "pathological," these functions are ubiquitous throughout mathematics and play an important role in analysis, not only as counterexamples of seemingly true and natural statements, but also to stimulate and inspire the further development of real analysis. Strange Functions in Real Analysis explores a number of important examples and constructions of pathological functions. After introducing the basic concepts, the author begins with Cantor and Peano-type functions, then moves to functions whose constructions require essentially noneffective methods. These include functions without the Baire property, functions associated with a Hamel basis of the real line, and Sierpinski-Zygmund functions that are discontinuous on each subset of the real line having the cardinality continuum. Finally, he considers examples of functions whose existence cannot be established without the help of additional set-theoretical axioms and demonstrates that their existence follows from certain set-theoretical hypotheses, such as the Continuum Hypothesis.

Strange Functions in Real Analysis Second Edition

Author: A.B. Kharazishvili
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824703202
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This volume aims to explicate extraordinary functions in real analysis and their applications. It examines the Baire category method, the Zermelo-Fraenkel set, the Axiom of Dependent Choices, Cantor and Peano type functions, the Continuum Hypothesis, everywhere differentiable nowhere monotone functions, and Jarnik's nowhere approximately differentiable functions.

Applications of Point Set Theory in Real Analysis

Author: A.B. Kharazishvili
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401707502
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book is devoted to some results from the classical Point Set Theory and their applications to certain problems in mathematical analysis of the real line. Notice that various topics from this theory are presented in several books and surveys. From among the most important works devoted to Point Set Theory, let us first of all mention the excellent book by Oxtoby [83] in which a deep analogy between measure and category is discussed in detail. Further, an interesting general approach to problems concerning measure and category is developed in the well-known monograph by Morgan [79] where a fundamental concept of a category base is introduced and investigated. We also wish to mention that the monograph by Cichon, W«;glorz and the author [19] has recently been published. In that book, certain classes of subsets of the real line are studied and various cardinal valued functions (characteristics) closely connected with those classes are investigated. Obviously, the IT-ideal of all Lebesgue measure zero subsets of the real line and the IT-ideal of all first category subsets of the same line are extensively studied in [19], and several relatively new results concerning this topic are presented. Finally, it is reasonable to notice here that some special sets of points, the so-called singular spaces, are considered in the classi

A Concrete Introduction to Real Analysis

Author: Robert Carlson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1584886544
Format: PDF, ePub
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Most volumes in analysis plunge students into a challenging new mathematical environment, replete with axioms, powerful abstractions, and an overriding emphasis on formal proofs. This can lead even students with a solid mathematical aptitude to often feel bewildered and discouraged by the theoretical treatment. Avoiding unnecessary abstractions to provide an accessible presentation of the material, A Concrete Introduction to Real Analysis supplies the crucial transition from a calculations-focused treatment of mathematics to a proof-centered approach. Drawing from the history of mathematics and practical applications, this volume uses problems emerging from calculus to introduce themes of estimation, approximation, and convergence. The book covers discrete calculus, selected area computations, Taylor's theorem, infinite sequences and series, limits, continuity and differentiability of functions, the Riemann integral, and much more. It contains a large collection of examples and exercises, ranging from simple problems that allow students to check their understanding of the concepts to challenging problems that develop new material. Providing a solid foundation in analysis, A Concrete Introduction to Real Analysis demonstrates that the mathematical treatments described in the text will be valuable both for students planning to study more analysis and for those who are less inclined to take another analysis class.

Elements of Real Analysis

Author: M.A. Al-Gwaiz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 142001160X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Focusing on one of the main pillars of mathematics, Elements of Real Analysis provides a solid foundation in analysis, stressing the importance of two elements. The first building block comprises analytical skills and structures needed for handling the basic notions of limits and continuity in a simple concrete setting while the second component involves conducting analysis in higher dimensions and more abstract spaces. Largely self-contained, the book begins with the fundamental axioms of the real number system and gradually develops the core of real analysis. The first few chapters present the essentials needed for analysis, including the concepts of sets, relations, and functions. The following chapters cover the theory of calculus on the real line, exploring limits, convergence tests, several functions such as monotonic and continuous, power series, and theorems like mean value, Taylor's, and Darboux's. The final chapters focus on more advanced theory, in particular, the Lebesgue theory of measure and integration. Requiring only basic knowledge of elementary calculus, this textbook presents the necessary material for a first course in real analysis. Developed by experts who teach such courses, it is ideal for undergraduate students in mathematics and related disciplines, such as engineering, statistics, computer science, and physics, to understand the foundations of real analysis.

Introduction to the Mathematics of Operations Research with Mathematica Second Edition

Author: Kevin J. Hastings
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781574446128
Format: PDF
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The breadth of information about operations research and the overwhelming size of previous sources on the subject make it a difficult topic for non-specialists to grasp. Fortunately, Introduction to the Mathematics of Operations Research with Mathematica®, Second Edition delivers a concise analysis that benefits professionals in operations research and related fields in statistics, management, applied mathematics, and finance. The second edition retains the character of the earlier version, while incorporating developments in the sphere of operations research, technology, and mathematics pedagogy. Covering the topics crucial to applied mathematics, it examines graph theory, linear programming, stochastic processes, and dynamic programming. This self-contained text includes an accompanying electronic version and a package of useful commands. The electronic version is in the form of Mathematica notebooks, enabling you to devise, edit, and execute/reexecute commands, increasing your level of comprehension and problem-solving. Mathematica sharpens the impact of this book by allowing you to conveniently carry out graph algorithms, experiment with large powers of adjacency matrices in order to check the path counting theorem and Markov chains, construct feasible regions of linear programming problems, and use the "dictionary" method to solve these problems. You can also create simulators for Markov chains, Poisson processes, and Brownian motions in Mathematica, increasing your understanding of the defining conditions of these processes. Among many other benefits, Mathematica also promotes recursive solutions for problems related to first passage times and absorption probabilities.

Ordinary Differential Equations

Author: Jane Cronin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420014935
Format: PDF, Docs
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Designed for a rigorous first course in ordinary differential equations, Ordinary Differential Equations: Introduction and Qualitative Theory, Third Edition includes basic material such as the existence and properties of solutions, linear equations, autonomous equations, and stability as well as more advanced topics in periodic solutions of nonlinear equations. Requiring only a background in advanced calculus and linear algebra, the text is appropriate for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in mathematics, engineering, physics, chemistry, or biology. This third edition of a highly acclaimed textbook provides a detailed account of the Bendixson theory of solutions of two-dimensional nonlinear autonomous equations, which is a classical subject that has become more prominent in recent biological applications. By using the Poincaré method, it gives a unified treatment of the periodic solutions of perturbed equations. This includes the existence and stability of periodic solutions of perturbed nonautonomous and autonomous equations (bifurcation theory). The text shows how topological degree can be applied to extend the results. It also explains that using the averaging method to seek such periodic solutions is a special case of the use of the Poincaré method.

Topological Vector Spaces Second Edition

Author: Lawrence Narici
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1584888679
Format: PDF, Kindle
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With many new concrete examples and historical notes, Topological Vector Spaces, Second Edition provides one of the most thorough and up-to-date treatments of the Hahn–Banach theorem. This edition explores the theorem’s connection with the axiom of choice, discusses the uniqueness of Hahn–Banach extensions, and includes an entirely new chapter on vector-valued Hahn–Banach theorems. It also considers different approaches to the Banach–Stone theorem as well as variations of the theorem. The book covers locally convex spaces; barreled, bornological, and webbed spaces; and reflexivity. It traces the development of various theorems from their earliest beginnings to present day, providing historical notes to place the results in context. The authors also chronicle the lives of key mathematicians, including Stefan Banach and Eduard Helly. Suitable for both beginners and experienced researchers, this book contains an abundance of examples, exercises of varying levels of difficulty with many hints, and an extensive bibliography and index.

Real and Complex Analysis

Author: Christopher Apelian
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781584888079
Format: PDF
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Presents Real & Complex Analysis Together Using a Unified Approach A two-semester course in analysis at the advanced undergraduate or first-year graduate level Unlike other undergraduate-level texts, Real and Complex Analysis develops both the real and complex theory together. It takes a unified, elegant approach to the theory that is consistent with the recommendations of the MAA’s 2004 Curriculum Guide. By presenting real and complex analysis together, the authors illustrate the connections and differences between these two branches of analysis right from the beginning. This combined development also allows for a more streamlined approach to real and complex function theory. Enhanced by more than 1,000 exercises, the text covers all the essential topics usually found in separate treatments of real analysis and complex analysis. Ancillary materials are available on the book’s website. This book offers a unique, comprehensive presentation of both real and complex analysis. Consequently, students will no longer have to use two separate textbooks—one for real function theory and one for complex function theory.