Targeting Peace

Author: Mikael Eriksson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317046749
Format: PDF, ePub
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In recent years, the international community has increasingly come to abandon the use of comprehensive sanctions in favour of targeted sanctions. Unlike adopting a coercive strategy on entire states, actors like the United Nations (UN) and the European Union (EU) have come to resort to measures that are aimed at individuals, groups and government members. Targeted sanctions involve adopting measures such as asset freezes, travel bans, commodity sanctions, as well as arms embargoes. Eriksson argues that recent changes in the practice of sanctions from comprehensive to targeted sanctions requires a new way of understanding international sanctions practice. Not only do we need to rethink our methodology to assess recent practice, but also to rethink the very theory of sanctions. This valuable new perspective provides recent thinking on targeted sanctions, trends in practice and unique case studies for evaluation. Based on substantial research, this is a must-read for students, scholars and practitioners interested in international politics.

Targeting Peace

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In recent years, the international community has increasingly abandoned comprehensive sanctions in favour of targeted sanctions. This book argues that this change demands a new way of understanding international sanctions practice. Based on substantial research, this valuable new perspective provides a fresh perspective on targeted sanctions, exploring trends in practice and offering unique case studies for evaluation.

Targeted Sanctions

Author: Thomas J. Biersteker
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107134218
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Systematically analyzes the impacts and the effectiveness of UN targeted sanctions over the past quarter century.

European Union Sanctions and Foreign Policy

Author: Clara Portela
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415552168
Format: PDF, ePub
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Winner of the THESEUS promising award for Research on European Integration 2011. Sanctions are an important tool within the foreign policy of the European Union, which have until now remained obscure to both scholars and the general public. This book examines sanctions as a political tool of influence and evaluates the efficacy of sanctions imposed by the EU against third countries and their ability to bring about the desired outcome. While the principal sanctions activity of the EU takes place under the Common Foreign and Security Policy, the author also considers the suspension of development aid under the ACP-EU Partnership Agreement, the withdrawal of trade privileges under the Generalized System of Preferences and other sanctions outside these frameworks. Reviewing the sanctions practice of the EU in its virtual entirety, Portela assesses the relevance of classical sanctions theory by testing a series of hypotheses with empirical case-studies attempting to identify the determinants of success of EU sanctions. Enhancing our understanding of the EU's international role, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of international politics, security studies, EU studies, human rights and democracy, conflict management, IPE and development studies.

EU Sanctions

Author: Iain Cameron
Publisher: Intersentia Uitgevers N V
ISBN: 9781780681412
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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For the European Union, the famous "Kadi" cases have generated a wealth of articles dealing with the legal problems involved in EU implementation of UN Security Council sanctions. Less attention has been devoted to the numerous legal problems involved in the EU's own "autonomous" sanctions system. The subject is nevertheless topical, since there is a growing use of sanctions and the legal basis for sanctions has been changed with the Lisbon Treaty. EU sanctions are used both against regimes and against suspected terrorist financing. But these sanctions have developed "organically," without sufficient thought being given to certain basic issues (inter alia concerning procedural fairness). This has resulted in considerable litigation before the Court of Justice (CJEU). The new legal basis and the recent judgments from the CJEU have solved some difficulties, but "taking sanctions seriously" means new problems for national implementation, spanning a variety of areas: criminal law, constitutional law, international law, and European law. The essays in this book, written by distinguished scholars in their respective fields, deal with some of these issues: How should we go about measuring the impact(s) of targeted sanctions? * How coherent are these "administrative" measures of blacklisting with other existing and proposed EU measures in justice and home affairs promoting the criminal law model for dealing with the problem of terrorism (investigation, trial, conviction, and punishment/confiscation of assets)? * How can the problems caused for fair trial by the use of intelligence material be solved? * If we can (or must) continue to have sanctions in the area of terrorist financing, can they be made compatible with fundamental principles of national criminal law and criminal policy? * How does a system of "composite" decision-making (when the measure is partly national and partly at the EU level) avoid the risk that gaps arise in systems of legal protection? * What is the spillover effect of "over broad" quasi-criminal legislation directed at organizations, in the constitutional/human rights of freedom of expression and association? * How do EU sanctions fit into, and compare to, national systems for the proscription of terrorist organizations? * Should the same legal safeguards be applicable both for "regime" sanctions and anti-terrorist sanctions? (Series: Supranational Criminal Law: Capita Selecta - Vol. 15)

International Sanctions

Author: Carina Staibano
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134252382
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The main theme of the book is that the new types of sanctions constitute a challenge to the international system. First, there are more of the targeted sanctions, including financial, travel, aviation, special commodity and arms sanctions. Furthermore, there are considerable but varied practices in implementation. Also there are now sanctions by new actors (regional bodies, international organizations). These all put new strains on international bodies in carrying out sanctions or getting member states to work together in these efforts. These challenges are analyzed in this volume, with some examples, but mostly from a generalist perspective. A completely novel aspect is that this volume also includes studies of the difficulties that are met by targeting actors, their way of managing the situations, and most interesting, the human rights of such actors.

Smart Sanctions

Author: David Cortright
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742501430
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Smart Sanctions explores the emerging concept of targeted sanctions and provides a comprehensive framework for new sanctions strategies for the 21st century. It includes essays by experts and analysts from the United Nations community, the European Union, the United States Government, and the academic community. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Coercing Constraining and Signalling

Author: Francesco Giumelli
Publisher: ECPR Press
ISBN: 1907301208
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The costs of military ventures and concern for human rights has increased the importance of international sanctions in the twenty fist century, but our knowledge is still limited in this area. The United Nations sanctions on Libya, Al Qaeda and Rwanda, or the European Union restrictive measures on the US, Transnistria and Uzbekistan are sparsely covered by the media and attempts to measure the effectiveness of any of these sanctions comes up against the fundamental (unanswered) question: What can sanctions do and when? This book undertakes an innovative approach that overcomes these problems by enhancing our understanding of how sanctions work and by explaining what we can expect from their imposition. Through the analysis of the sanctioning experience of the United Nations and the European Union after the Cold War, the investigation tests a comprehensive theoretical model and concludes that the context in which sanctions are imposed is a crucial element in deciding the type of sanctions adopted. Giumelli shakes the pre-constituted conceptions that we have on sanctions and sets the terms for more constructive debates in the future.

UN Sanctions and Conflict

Author: Andrea Charron
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136662979
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book examines the application of UN Security Council's mandatory sanctions since 1946, and, in particular, the regimes adopted for specific types of conflict. It addresses four distinct threats to peace and security: interstate conflicts, intrastate conflicts, norm-breaking states and terrorism.