Evaluation Models

Author: D.L. Stufflebeam
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306475596
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This is an up-to-date revision of the classic text first published in 1983. It includes a historical perspective on the growth of evaluation theory and practice and two comparative analyses of the various alternative perspectives on evaluation. It also includes articles representing the major schools of thought about evaluation written by the leaders who have developed these schools and models. The final section describes and discusses the Standards for Program Evaluation and the reformation of program evaluation.

Teacher Education Evaluation

Author: William J. Gephart
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400926758
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In an age that dictates accountability and verifiability of educational programs, institutions of higher education are called on to justify their programs. To meet these demands, there is a need for improved methods for the evaluation of teacher education programs. More importantly, there is a need for the development of methods and procedures to conduct continuous and on-going evaluation that can aid the process of program improvement. Many institutions have had difficulties in developing and implementing satisfactory systems for conducting needed evaluation. In recent years the standards for the approval of teacher education programs in all of the states were strengthened as were the standards for approval by the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE). These revised standards put even more emphasis on accountability and the need for both summative and formative evaluation in a teacher education program. Tennessee Technological University has long been recognized as an institution with an exemplary project in program evaluation. As a result, in 1986, the state of Tennessee established at Tennessee Technological University, a Center for Teacher Education Evaluation. The Center began work in July 1986, on the development of models and systems for conducting teacher education program evaluation. To most, teacher education program evaluation is simple and straightforward. Evaluation includes a set of options, a set of criteria, data collection and interpretation, x and then use in meeting accountability needs.

Teacher Self Evaluation

Author: Lya Kremer-Hayon
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940112194X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In response to the emerging need to develop teachers as professionals who evaluate their own work, this book presents the foundations of self-evaluation as well as self-evaluation models and tools that are likely to help educational practitioners to evaluate their own teaching, and thus raise the level of their professional functioning. The book is intended to serve several groups: student teachers whose socialization into the teaching profession should include the perception of self-evaluation as an inherent part of teaching; the student teachers' supervisors who are expected to help in developing the knowledge and skills that are needed for purposes of self-evaluation; and teachers, school principals, and university instructors in departments of teacher education, who are interested in teacher's growth and in the development of teaching as a profession.

Evaluation Models

Author: George F. Madaus
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400966695
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Attempting fonnally to evaluate something involves the evaluator coming to grips with a number of abstract concepts such as value, merit, worth, growth, criteria, standards, objectives, needs, nonns, client, audience, validity, reliability, objectivity, practical significance, accountability, improvement, process, pro duct, fonnative, summative, costs, impact, infonnation, credibility, and - of course - with the tenn evaluation itself. To communicate with colleagues and clients, evaluators need to clarify what they mean when they use such tenns to denote important concepts central to their work. Moreover, evaluators need to integrate these concepts and their meanings into a coherent framework that guides all aspects of their work. If evaluation is to lay claim to the mantle of a profession, then these conceptualizations of evaluation must lead to the conduct of defensible evaluations. The conceptualization of evaluation can never be a one-time activity nor can any conceptualization be static. Conceptualizations that guide evaluation work must keep pace with the growth of theory and practice in the field. Further, the design and conduct of any particular study involves a good deal of localized conceptualization.

Item Response Theory

Author: Ronald K. Hambleton
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401719888
Format: PDF, ePub
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In the decade of the 1970s, item response theory became the dominant topic for study by measurement specialists. But, the genesis of item response theory (IRT) can be traced back to the mid-thirties and early forties. In fact, the term "Item Characteristic Curve," which is one of the main IRT concepts, can be attributed to Ledyard Tucker in 1946. Despite these early research efforts, interest in item response theory lay dormant until the late 1960s and took a backseat to the emerging development of strong true score theory. While true score theory developed rapidly and drew the attention of leading psychometricians, the problems and weaknesses inherent in its formulation began to raise concerns. Such problems as the lack of invariance of item parameters across examinee groups, and the inadequacy of classical test procedures to detect item bias or to provide a sound basis for measurement in "tailored testing," gave rise to a resurgence of interest in item response theory. Impetus for the development of item response theory as we now know it was provided by Frederic M. Lord through his pioneering works (Lord, 1952; 1953a, 1953b). The progress in the fifties was painstakingly slow due to the mathematical complexity of the topic and the nonexistence of computer programs.

A Practical Guide to Teacher Education Evaluation

Author: Jerry B. Ayers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400925123
Format: PDF
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J. T. Sandefur Western Kentucky University American's ability to compete in world markets is eroding. The productivity growth of our competitors outdistances our own. The capacity of our economy to provide a high standard of living for all our people is increasingly in doubt. As jobs requiring little skill are automated or go offshore and demand increases for the highly skilled, the pool of educated and skilled people grows smaller and the backwater of the unemployable rises. Large numbers of American children are in limbo--ignorant of the past and unprepared for the future. Many are dropping out--notjust out of school--but out of productive society. These are not my words. They are a direct quote from the Executive Summary of the Carnegie Forum Report on Education and the Economy entitled A Nation Prepared: Teachers for the 21st Century (p. 2, 1986). This report was motivated by four purposes: 1. To remind Americans, yet again, of the economic challenges pressing us on all sides; 2. To assert the primacy of education as the foundation of economic growth, equal opportunity and a shared national vision; 3. To reaffirm that the teaching profession is the best hope for establishing new standards of excellence as the hallmark of American education; and 4. To point out that a remarkable window of opportunity lies before us in the next decade to reform education, an opportunity that may not present itself again until well into the next century.

Creative Ideas For Teaching Evaluation

Author: Donna M. Mertens
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940157829X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In 1976, the first session on the teaching of evaluation was held at an annual meeting of evaluators. A few hardy souls gathered to exchange ideas on improving the teaching of evaluation. At subsequent annual meetings, these informal sessions attracted more and more participants, eager to talk about common teaching interests and to exchange reading lists, syllabuses, assignments, and paper topics. The ses sions were irreverent, innovative, lively, and unpredictable. Eventually the group for malized itself with the American Evaluation Association as the Topical Interest Group in the Teaching of Evaluation (TIG: TOE). As word of TIG: TOE's activities spread, instructors from all over the country clamored for assistance and advice. It became apparent that a handbook was need ed, a practical interdisciplinary guide to the teaching of evaluation. Donna M. Mertens, a long-standing member of TIG: TOE and an accomplished teacher of evaluation, volunteered to edit the book, and her skills, sensitivity, and experience in the craft of teaching are apparent throughout.

Improving Teacher Evaluation Systems

Author: Jason A. Grissom
Publisher: Teachers College Press
ISBN: 0807774502
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This is the first book to gather and address what we have learned about the impacts and challenges of data-intensive teacher evaluation systems—a defining characteristic of the current education policy landscape. Book Features: Contributions by scholars working at the cutting edge of research and pioneering leaders directly involved in the implementation of teacher evaluation systems.Examination of the challenges and impact multiple measures-based evaluations are having on teaching and learning. Empirical research on the reliability and validity of evaluation measures, including classroom observation instruments, value-added measures, student surveys, and teacher portfolios. Contributors include: Ryan Balch, Marisa Cannata, Casey D. Cobb, Julie Cohen, Sean P. Corcoran, Morgaen L. Donaldson, Tim Drake, Dan Goldhaber, Ellen Goldring, Bridget K. Hamre, Gary T. Henry, Nathan D. Jones, Venessa A. Keesler, Susanna Loeb, Robert C. Pianta, Min Sun, Andrea Whittaker “Grissom and Youngs collect our best research-based knowledge on the topic in a smart, accessible volume that sets the standard in the field.” —John Tyler, Brown University “An insightful guide to new teacher evaluation systems. The contributions from individual authors couple what we know about measurement quality in these systems with a valuable first look at on-the-ground implementation.” —Heather Hill, Harvard Graduate School of Education “One of the most significant recent changes in school district administration has been the widespread development and implementation of teacher evaluation systems based on pupil performance and other measures. This book brings together top scholars who identify key issues, providing insights into possible benefits and perils.” —Robert E. Floden, Michigan State University