The Data Game

Author: Mark Maier
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315501910
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Now updated for web-based research, the third edition of The Data Game introduces students to the collection, use, and interpretation of statistical data in the social sciences. Separate chapters are devoted to data in the fields of demography, housing, health, education, crime, the national economy, wealth, income and poverty, labor, business, government, and public opinion polling. The concluding chapter is devoted to the common problem of ambiguity in social science statistics.

World Social Science Report 1999

Author: Unesco
Publisher: Unesco
ISBN: 9789231036026
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Focus on the contributions that the social sciences have been able to make, singly or collectively, to understanding and to meeting some of the crucial problems of the world. The place of the social sciences on a world scale (historical trajectory; organization, financing and practise in different parts of the world; origin, processing, analysis and transmission of data) and an overview of how social science research relates to policy, politics, ethics and the media. Certain major issues facing the world and solutions the social sciences have been able to bring, social implications of the onrush of computer technology and the life sciences, what light can be cast by economics, political science and sociology on the stakes of development. By sharing a wealth of information and a variety of informed perspectives, the World Social Science Report provides a unique view of the present state and future potential of the social sciences. Publie aussi en franais: Les sciences sociales dans le monde

When Brute Force Fails

Author: Mark A. R. Kleiman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400831265
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Since the crime explosion of the 1960s, the prison population in the United States has multiplied fivefold, to one prisoner for every hundred adults--a rate unprecedented in American history and unmatched anywhere in the world. Even as the prisoner head count continues to rise, crime has stopped falling, and poor people and minorities still bear the brunt of both crime and punishment. When Brute Force Fails explains how we got into the current trap and how we can get out of it: to cut both crime and the prison population in half within a decade. Mark Kleiman demonstrates that simply locking up more people for lengthier terms is no longer a workable crime-control strategy. But, says Kleiman, there has been a revolution--largely unnoticed by the press--in controlling crime by means other than brute-force incarceration: substituting swiftness and certainty of punishment for randomized severity, concentrating enforcement resources rather than dispersing them, communicating specific threats of punishment to specific offenders, and enforcing probation and parole conditions to make community corrections a genuine alternative to incarceration. As Kleiman shows, "zero tolerance" is nonsense: there are always more offenses than there is punishment capacity. But, it is possible--and essential--to create focused zero tolerance, by clearly specifying the rules and then delivering the promised sanctions every time the rules are broken. Brute-force crime control has been a costly mistake, both socially and financially. Now that we know how to do better, it would be immoral not to put that knowledge to work.

Statistics as principled argument

Author: Robert P. Abelson
Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum
ISBN: 9780805805277
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In this illuminating volume, Robert P. Abelson delves into the too-often dismissed problems of interpreting quantitative data and then presenting them in the context of a coherent story about one's research. Unlike too many books on statistics, this is a remarkably engaging read, filled with fascinating real-life (and real-research) examples rather than with recipes for analysis. It will be of true interest and lasting value to beginning graduate students and seasoned researchers alike. The focus of the book is that the purpose of statistics is to organize a useful argument from quantitative evidence, using a form of principled rhetoric. Five criteria, described by the acronym MAGIC (magnitude, articulation, generality, interestingness, and credibility) are proposed as crucial features of a persuasive, principled argument. Particular statistical methods are discussed, with minimum use of formulas and heavy data sets. The ideas throughout the book revolve around elementary probability theory, t tests, and simple issues of research design. It is therefore assumed that the reader has already had some access to elementary statistics. Many examples are included to explain the connection of statistics to substantive claims about real phenomena.

Interpreting Quantitative Data with SPSS

Author: Rachad Antonius
Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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By focusing on the use of SPSS as a tool to doing social research - and not the `be all and end all' to the research problem - this book will be an invaluable resource for students learning about descriptive statistics and some topics in inferential statistics for the first time. It will provide students with a range of tools to help interpret data in the context of their research and to be appropriately selective in the choice of methods for handling data. Through its many features, concise content and overall clarity of writing this should be popular for students in a range of disciplines. It clearly explains the range of statistical techniques and their common applications and offers a useful evaluation of the context in which they should be applied. Key features of the book include: - 14 SPSS lab sessions which demonstrate how SPSS can be used in the practical research context - Sets of exercises and `real-life' examples in each chapter to aid teaching and learning - Offers a step-by-step guide to help students successfully integrate these examples in a descriptive written report - Lists of key terms and further reading to enhance student's understanding of the subject - User-friendly and accessible penetration throughout Suggested exercises and answers will be available from the author's own webpage on publication. Please visit the link below. a href="http://www.champlaincollege.qc.ca/antonius"http://www.champlaincollege.qc.ca/antonius/a”Suggested Exercises and Answers

Major U S Statistical Series

Author: Jean Slemmons Stratford
Publisher: American Library Association
ISBN: 9780838906002
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"A framework for understanding the flood of statistical data that pours out of the U.S. government, and for locating series that report regularly on specific topics, such as population, economic indicators, and government finance". -- Reference & Research Book News

The Significance Test Controversy

Author: Denton E. Morrison
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9780202368887
Format: PDF, Docs
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Tests of significance have been a key tool in the research kit of behavioral scientists for nearly fifty years, but their widespread and uncritical use has recently led to a rising volume of controversy about their usefulness. This book gathers the central papers in this continuing debate, brings the issues into clear focus, points out practical problems and philosophical pitfalls involved in using the tests, and provides a benchmark from which further analysis can proceed. The papers deal with some of the basic philosophy of science, mathematical and statistical assumptions connected with significance tests and the problems of the interpretation of test results, but the work is essentially non-technical in its emphasis. The collection succeeds in raising a variety of questions about the value of the tests; taken together, the questions present a strong case for vital reform in test use, if not for their total abandonment in research. The book is designed for practicing researchers-those not extensively trained in mathematics and statistics that must nevertheless regularly decide if and how tests of significance are to be used-and for those training for research. While controversy has been centered in sociology and psychology, and the book will be especially useful to researchers and students in those fields, its importance is great across the spectrum of the scientific disciplines in which statistical procedures are essential-notably political science, economics, and the other social sciences, education, and many biological fields as well. Denton E. Morrison is professor, Department of Sociology, Michigan State University. Ramon E. Henkel is associate professor emeritus, Department of Sociology University of Maryland. He teaches as part of the graduate faculty.

Statistics Concepts and Controversies

Author: David S. Moore
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780716786368
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Statistics are used every day in ways that directly influence our lives. The authors help you understand what the numbers really mean.