Thatcherism and British Politics

Author: Dennis Kavanagh
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
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Margaret Thatcher is the only 20th-century prime minister to have given her name to a style as well as a doctrine. Although the final balance sheet of the successes and failures of Thatcherism is yet to be tallied, this book places the government of Mrs. Thatcher in the perspective of postwar British politics. Here, Kavanagh describes how a postwar political consensus--covering full employment, welfare, conciliation of the trade unions, a mixed economy with state intervention, and social engineering--was established with the support of dominant groups in the Conservative and Labour parties. He then shows how that settlement broke down in the face of economic problems, changes in policies and personnel in the main parties, and the challenge to the intellectual bases of the consensus mounted by groups on the New Right. The book concludes with an insightful analysis of the government's record, and of prospects for a new consensus. Mrs. Thatcher has cited the breaking of the consensus as one of her primary political objectives, and in this penetrating study she emerges both as the architect of the collapse of consensus and as its product.

The End of Consensus

Author: Toby L. Parcel
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469622556
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One of the nation's fastest growing metropolitan areas, Wake County, North Carolina, added more than a quarter million new residents during the first decade of this century, an increase of almost 45 percent. At the same time, partisanship increasingly dominated local politics, including school board races. Against this backdrop, Toby Parcel and Andrew Taylor consider the ways diversity and neighborhood schools have influenced school assignment policies in Wake County, particularly during 2000-2012, when these policies became controversial locally and a topic of national attention. The End of Consensus explores the extraordinary transformation of Wake County during this period, revealing inextricable links between population growth, political ideology, and controversial K–12 education policies. Drawing on media coverage, in-depth interviews with community leaders, and responses from focus groups, Parcel and Taylor's innovative work combines insights from these sources with findings from a survey of 1,700 county residents. Using a broad range of materials and methods, the authors have produced the definitive story of politics and change in public school assignments in Wake County while demonstrating the importance of these dynamics to cities across the country.


Author: L. v. Normannstein
ISBN: 9781530883622
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Why was the European Union in its current form only founded in 1992? Have only now the advantages of this institution become obvious? Has only now the need for a supranational organization in Europe arisen? Why were decades of garnering political momentum necessary? I contend that at the heart of this sluggish development lie not careful deliberation and strategic evaluation, but ideological constraint, an arbitrary catechism that has been inhibiting progress since the onset of civilization. Now, imagine a world free from ideology. A world in which mankind is liberated from the chance constrictions of morality, religion, culture, and government. A world in which policymaking is based exclusively on its ability to further the historical trend towards a higher standard of living crystallized over millennia. A world in which man acknowledges the limits of his reason, lives spiritually in the shadow of whatever lies beyond the boundaries of logic, and commits unequivocally to penetrating everything within. This is the world that CONSENSUS envisions. Tracing the origin and development of ideology throughout occidental history, this book identifies the current European Union as the most amenable instance to radically do away with modes of perception so as to optimize policymaking and generate interdisciplinary progress at an unprecedented pace. CONSENSUS posits the value of this paradigm to society as much as its spirituality in advancing what is essentially the only deducible maxim of history: innovation.

The Politics of Suffering

Author: Peter Sutton
Publisher: Melbourne Univ. Publishing
ISBN: 0522856365
Format: PDF
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Peter Sutton is a fearless and authoritative voice in Aboriginal politics. In this groundbreaking book, he asks why, after three decades of liberal thinking, has the suffering and grief in so many Aboriginal communities become worse? The picture Sutton presents is tragic. He marshals shocking evidence against the failures of the past, and argues provocatively that three decades of liberal consensus on Aboriginal issues has collapsed. Sutton is a leading Australian anthropologist who has lived and worked closely with Aboriginal communities. He combines clear-eyed, original observation with deep emotional engagement. The Politics of Suffering cuts through the cant and offers fresh insight and hope for a new era in Indigenous politics.

End of Life Choices

Author: Fiona Randall
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199547335
Format: PDF, Docs
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Palliative care is undergoing a period of rapid change, both in perceptible ways such as legislation, policy, and clinical guidelines, but also in its philosophy and ethics. There is ambiguity surrounding even the definitions used, ranging from palliative care, to supportive care, to end of life care. Randall and Downie propose that the uncertainties in the current thinking on end of life care may change the two ethical (and legal) principles on which modern medical care has been built -that practitioners must obtain the informed consent of the patient for treatment, and that practitioners must seek the best health interests of their patients. They will examine a wide range of issues, themes and contradictions prevalent in modern palliative/end of life care. These include: choice, assisted suicide, roles and values, responsibility, rights, Advance Care Plans, withdrawal and withholding of treatment, advocacy, the Mental Capacity Act, best interests, definitions, and the newDepartment of Health End of Life Care Strategy. This Palliative care is undergoing a period of rapid change in perceptible ways through legislation, policy, and clinical guidelines, but also in its philosophy and ethics. End of Life Choices: Consensus and Controversies examines a wide range of issues, themes and contradictions prevalent in modern palliative/end of life care. These include: choice, assisted suicide, roles and values, responsibility, rights, Advance Care Plans, withdrawal andwithholding of treatment, advocacy, the Mental Capacity Act, best interests, definitions, and the new Department of Health End of Life Care Strategy. Split into two sections, End of Life Choices: Consensus and Controversies provides guidance through the ethical minefield that has developed for doctors and nurses who care for patients towards the end of life. The first section discusses some of the issues of end of life care as they are still widely encountered by GPs, nurses and hospitalclinicians. It presents a mainly consensus view on patient choice, consent, life-prolonging treatment and symptom relief, including sedation. The second section discusses some current controversies, such as advance care planning, preferred place of care and death, physician assisted suicide, and extended ideas of 'best interests', including the idea that there are therapeutic duties to the relatives of patients. Additional online resources outline the common ethical theories and the vocabularyused in ethical theory which will be useful for readers who are taking part in training courses. The authors hope that this book will provide a guide through the complexity of clinical situations and current regulations, and also stimulate informed debate on current controversial issues. It will be of use to all those involved in care of the terminally ill, both specialists and those outside the current palliative care domain, as well as policy makers, researchers and ethicists.

The new nonsense

Author: Charles M. Fair
Publisher: Simon & Schuster
Format: PDF, Docs
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Analyzes the embracing of non-rational ideas or beliefs in the face of contradictory evidence as a harbinger of social collapse.

European Integration and Consensus Politics in the Low Countries

Author: Hans Vollaard
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317704029
Format: PDF
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The Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg are well-known cases of consensus politics. Decision-making in the Low Countries has been characterized by broad involvement, power sharing and making compromises. These countries were also founding member states of the European Union (EU) and its predecessors. However, the relationship between European integration and the tradition of domestic consensus politics remains unclear. In order to explore this relationship this book offers in-depth studies of a wide variety of political actors such as governments, parliaments, political parties, courts, ministries and interest groups as well as key policy issues such as the ratification of EU treaties and migration policy. The authors focus not only on Europeanization, but also analyse whether European integration may gradually undermine the fundamental characteristics of consensus politics in the Low Countries. Drawing on consociationalism and Europeanization research, this volume provides a comprehensive overview of Europeanization in these three EU member states as well as a better understanding of the varieties of consensus politics across and within these countries. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of European studies, European integration, European law, political science, European political economy and comparative politics.

Hard Choices

Author: Sudhir Thomas Vadaketh
Publisher: NUS Press
ISBN: 9971698161
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Singapore is changing. The consensus that the PAP government has constructed and maintained over five decades is fraying. The assumptions that underpin Singaporean exceptionalism are no longer accepted as easily and readily as before. Among these are the ideas that the country is uniquely vulnerable, that this vulnerability limits its policy and political options, that good governance demands a degree of political consensus that ordinary democratic arrangements cannot produce, and that the countryÍs success requires a competitive meritocracy accompanied by relatively little income or wealth redistribution. But the policy and political conundrums that Singapore faces today are complex and defy easy answers. Confronted with a political landscape that is likely to become more contested, how should the government respond? What reforms should it pursue? This collection of essays suggests that a far-reaching and radical rethinking of the country's policies and institutions is necessary, even if it weakens the very consensus that enabled Singapore to succeed in its first fifty years.

Consensus Organizing

Author: Mike Eichler
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1452236224
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The first new form of community organizing since Saul Alinsky, this book connects the poor to the rest of society. Written in a logical, teachable, and pragmatic style, Consensus Organizing: Building Communities of Mutual Self Interest is a model of social change for the 21st century. Through real examples, author Mike Eichler illustrates how anyone can practice consensus organizing and help the poor, forgotten, and disempowered.

Building the Cold War Consensus

Author: Benjamin O. Fordham
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472108879
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Explains the basis in domestic politics of the political consensus in support of large defense spending in the early stages of the Cold War