The Insect Viruses

Author: Lois K. Miller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461553415
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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There are over a million different species of insects, and individually they 8 outnumber humans by more than 10 to 1. Moreover, some insects live in close association with both plants and higher animals and naturally exchange viruses with them. It has even been speculated that viruses in general may have radiated through the plant and animal kingdoms from common insect origins. Be that as it may, since insects play pivotal roles in the biosphere, both to the benefit and detriment of mankind, they and the viruses that infect them are important subjects for study. Insects are infected by a diverse medley of viruses, and this volume focuses on those insect virus families that are found primarily or exclusively in insects. All major families of insect-selective viruses are covered except for the baculo viruses, which were described in a separate volume of The Viruses series. Included in this volume are the established families of insect viruses, the newly recognized ascovirus family, and the nudiviruses, which probably represent a separate family but currently remain unclassified. The coverage of arboviruses is limited to a single chapter that focuses on their potential utility as vectors and in insect control. Omitted for practical reasons are several individual insect viruses that have been described sporadically in the literature and probably represent novel virus families.

Virus Insect Plant Interactions

Author: Kerry F. Harris
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080543596
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In Virus-Insect-Plant Interactions, the world's leading scientists discuss the latest breakthroughs in understanding the biological and ecological factors that define these complex transmission systems and how this knowledge might be used to our advantage in producing innovative, user and environmentally friendly approaches to controlling the spread of plant pathogens by insects. This is an invaluable reference work for researchers, teachers, and students. There are many quick-reference figures and tables, the contents pages include individual chapter abstracts, and each chapter ends with its own bibliography. Presents the most significant research breakthroughs of the past two decades Contains eighteen chapters by forty-two world-renowned researchers Invaluable reference work for researchers, teachers and students Each chapter ends with its own bibliography Contents pages of forematter include individual chapter abstracts Contains many quick-reference figures and tables

Insect Viruses

Author: Bryony C. Bonning
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0120398680
Format: PDF, ePub
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Baculoviruses are perhaps unique among viruses in the breadth of their biotechnological applications: these insect specific viruses are used not only for insect pest management purposes, but also as laboratory research tools for production of recombinant proteins and for protein display, and as potential vectors for human gene therapy. In addition to highlighting recent advances, this volume provides a comprehensive review of the biotechnological applications of these and other insect viruses in both the academic and private sectors.

Insect Virology

Author: Kenneth M. Smith
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323158595
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Insect Virology focuses on viruses affecting insects, from the Tipula and Sericesthis iridescent viruses to the acute and chronic bee paralysis viruses and sacbrood virus. The book explores the symptomatology and pathology of virus diseases in insects; the isolation and purification of the viruses as well as their morphology and chemistry; and the host range. Organized into 12 chapters, this book begins with a historical overview of insect virology and its emergence as a scientific discipline, along with the previous studies on virus diseases in insects. Before discussing the different kinds of viruses and their distribution throughout the insect kingdom, the book first describes the viruses attacking the insects and the diseases they cause. The book then examines the mode of virus replication, transmission, and latent viral infections. The text explains a rapidly developing technique, the growing of insect tissues in culture, and its use to study the virus in the living cell. The book also considers the relationships of plant viruses with the insects that transmit them. The last chapter deals with the use of insect viruses in the biological control of insect pests. This book is a valuable source of information for entomologists, insect virologists, virologists in other fields, microbiologists, and others interested in insect virology.

Insect viruses and pest management

Author: Frances R. Hunter-Fujita
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This is an essential guidebook, providing a comprehensive overview of insect viruses and pest management. Part One of this volume explores the rationale behind the employment of insect pathogenic viruses in pest control and documents the assessment of biological activity, the ecology of baculoviruses, control strategies, virus production and formulation, and the conduct and recording of field control trials. Part Two comprises an authoritative global survey of current practice, R&D, and up-to-date technical studies of insect viruses and their application in pest management. This survey was compiled with the assistance of a panel of world-wide experts and will prove an invaluable and unique data source. Building on the key topics discussed in Part One, easy-to-follow, practical protocols are presented in Part Three, including detailed accounts of standard operating procedures for working with insects, isolation, propagation (in vivo and in vitro), purification, characterization and enumeration of viruses, suggestions for good laboratory layout and design, mass production methods, formulation and quality control. The importance of external environmental factors concerning virus survival and efficacy is also not forgotten, and in the final part the effects of solar radiation and the relationships between viruses and plant surfaces are discussed. Indispensable reading for all professionals and students interested in insect virology and pest control, this book is a comprehensive reference manual.

Insect Virology

Author: Sassan Asgari
Publisher: Horizon Scientific Press
ISBN: 1904455719
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Viruses that are pathogenic to beneficial insects and other arthropods cause millions of dollars of damage every year to industries, such as sericulture, apiculture, and aquaculture (e.g. infecting honeybees and silk worms). On the other hand, viruses that are pathogenic to insect pests can be exploited as attractive biological control agents. Another fascinating feature of these viruses is that some, e.g. baculoviruses, have been commercially exploited for use as gene expression and delivery vectors in both insect and mammalian cells. All of these factors have led to an explosion in the amount of research into insect viruses in recent years, generating impressive quantities of information on the molecular and cellular biology of these viruses. This timely book reviews the exciting new developments in the field of insect virology. Written by internationally renowned insect virologists, the chapters review the current molecular biology of all the major groups of insect pathogenic viruses and suggest future directions for research. The book is divided into three parts: 1) DNA viruses, 2) RNA viruses, and 3) current hot-topics in insect virology. The virus groups covered include: Ascoviruses, Baculoviruses, Densoviruses, Entomopoxviruses, Hytrosaviruses, Iridoviruses, Nudiviruses, Polydnaviruses, Dicistroviruses, Iflaviruses, Nodaviruses, Tetraviruses, and Cypoviruses. Special topic chapters review exciting recent developments in insect virology including RNAi, insect antiviral responses, structural comparison of insect RNA viruses, and viral ecology. The book is essential reading for every insect virologist in both the academic and private sectors. It is also strongly recommended for other virologists, particularly those interested in virus evolution, virus structure, viral vectors, biological control of insects, and insect immunity.

Viral Insecticides for Biological Control

Author: Karl Maramorosch
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323142370
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Viral Insecticides for Biological Control focuses on the basic as well as applied aspects of viral insecticides, which have the potential to significantly reduce the current reliance on chemical pesticide technology. This book serves as a guide for the development of means to identify hazardous problems and prevent them. Organized into six parts with a total of 23 chapters, this book describes the taxonomy, nomenclature, identification, physical, biological, as well as chemical characteristics, replication, and pathology of insect viruses. This reference material also explores the dispersal, stability, and utilization of insect viruses as biological control agents. The factors and considerations that must be taken into account when a viral insecticide is sought as a large-scale commercial alternative to other more traditional methods of pest control are also addressed. Because this reference material collates information in this field of interest, it will benefit a wide audience of readers, including researchers, students, and those working directly in crop protection.

Plant Virus Host Interaction

Author: R.K. Gaur
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0124115985
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Plant Virus-Host Interaction contains cutting-edge research in plant molecular virology, including pathogenic viroids and transport by insect vectors, interference with transmission to control viruses, and synergism, with pivotal coverage of RNA silencing and the counter-defensive strategies used by viruses to overcome the silencing response in plants. With a clear focus on plant virus evolution, including quantitative and population genetics, Plant Virus-Host Interaction provides insights on the major factors favoring disease emergence, such as genetic change in pathogen and host populations and changes in host ecology and environment. The book also examines socioeconomic implications of widespread plant viral agents. Contributions from leading experts around the globe provide varied perspectives, while comprehensive coverage ensures a complete look at this exciting field. Covers the emergence of new viral diseases Provides molecular approaches for virus-host interaction Highlights RNA silencing and counter-defensive strategies Discusses socioeconomic implications of viral spread and mitigation techniques

Viral Insecticides for Biological Control

Author: Karl Maramorosch
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323142370
Format: PDF
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Viral Insecticides for Biological Control focuses on the basic as well as applied aspects of viral insecticides, which have the potential to significantly reduce the current reliance on chemical pesticide technology. This book serves as a guide for the development of means to identify hazardous problems and prevent them. Organized into six parts with a total of 23 chapters, this book describes the taxonomy, nomenclature, identification, physical, biological, as well as chemical characteristics, replication, and pathology of insect viruses. This reference material also explores the dispersal, stability, and utilization of insect viruses as biological control agents. The factors and considerations that must be taken into account when a viral insecticide is sought as a large-scale commercial alternative to other more traditional methods of pest control are also addressed. Because this reference material collates information in this field of interest, it will benefit a wide audience of readers, including researchers, students, and those working directly in crop protection.

Biopesticides and Bioagents

Author: Md. Arshad Anwer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315341417
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Insects, diseases, and weeds cause an almost 30% yield loss per annum in agricultural production, resulting in an increased consumption of pesticides by 20% per annum throughout the world. This comprehensive volume looks at the status of biopesticides and biocontrol agents in agriculture. It will be a critically important reference work, providing basic facts and studies on new and current discoveries of the role of biopesticides and bioagents in integrated pest management (IPM). The book contains four main sections, covering the status of biopesticides and biocontrol agents in agriculture plant health-promoting biocontrol agents parasitoids and predators genetically modified crops and Bacillus thuringiensis, and phytochemicals in biocontrol The volume provides information regarding new advances in microbial, biochemical, and genetically modified and organic nanoparticles in integrated pest management. Biopesticides and Bioagents: Novel Tools for Pest Management should find a prominent place on the shelves of agriculture and plant scientists, microbiologists, biotechnologists, plant pathologists and entomologists working in academic and commercial agrichemical situations, and in the libraries of all research establishments and companies where this exciting subject is researched, studied, or taught.