The Nexus of Law and Biology

Author: Barbara Ann Hocking
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317022602
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Although law and science have interacted for centuries, today their interactions pose enormous challenges. These challenges are reflected in issues ranging from reproductive technology and resource conservation, to genetic technology and biological warfare. The emerging dialogue is complex and requires an ongoing re-thinking of general principles, such as expert biological evidence, which features in a wide range of legal contexts, and including medical law, torts, crime and intellectual property. Studying the many ways in which law and biology come together in many areas of contemporary life, The Nexus of Law and Biology: New Ethical Challenges explores the juridical uses of biological sciences to illuminate key issues and contemporary intersections, arguing that each of several disciplines must communicate with one another, recognizing a common ground in ethics. Featuring an impressive list of contributors, this book is an invaluable reference for legal scholars, students, practising lawyers and scientists engaged with the legal system.

Corporate Power and Responsibility

Author: John E. Parkinson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198259891
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In this acclaimed new work the author argues that it should be the function of company law to promote the public interest. Examining a number of topical and controversial issues from that perspective, including the adequacy of corporate governance arrangements, the `Nexus of Contracts' theory of the company, and the role of markets, the author explains why the theory of company law has to be understood in order for the day-to-day practice of company lawyers to be fully appreciated. The book explores in some depth the protection of interests largely ignored by company law, such as those of employees and the local community, and the safeguarding of the environment from corporate abuse.

The Nexus of Biofuels Climate Change and Human Health

Author: Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309292412
Format: PDF
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Liquid fuels are a major part of modern life. They supply energy for ground, water, and air transportation as well as power for industrial and farming machinery. But fossil fuels - the dominant liquid fuel in use for well over a century - have many disadvantages. The use of fossil fuels has obvious health downsides, such as emissions of pollutants that are directly harmful to health. The burning of fossil fuels produces greenhouse gases, which contribute to global warming, itself a long-term threat to human health. There have also been health concerns related to insecurity of liquid fuel supplies and the potential of international conflicts being caused by fuel scarcity. Furthermore, there are concerns that the world's large but still limited supply of fossil fuels could be strained by the increasing demand that results from societies around the world achieving greater prosperity. In the face of these concerns, new policies have been created that encourage the development of renewable sources of energy in general and biofuels in particular. In January 2013, the Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine of the Institute of Medicine held a 2- day, interactive, public workshop on the intersection of biofuels, climate change, and human health. Workshop attendees explored public health issues related to the composition of traditional and alternative fuels and fuel additives, and they discussed the known and potential health impacts associated with the use of these fuels and fuel additives. The Nexus of Biofuels, Climate Change, and Human Health is the summary of that workshop. This report examines air, water, land use, food, and social impacts of biomass feedstock as an energy resource, and the state of the science and health policy implications of using different types (and generations) of biofuels as an energy source.

Law and Language

Author: Michael Freeman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199673667
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Law and Language, the latest volume in the Current Legal Issues series, contains a broad range of essays by scholars interested in the interactions between law and language. This volume examines the themes of truth in language and the law, and the role of language in different areas of law, including contract and criminal law.

The Concept of Law

Author: Herbert Lionel Adolphus Hart
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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H. L. A. Hart's The Concept of Law is without question the most important work of legal philosophy written this century; no other study has made such an important contribution to the study of jurisprudence and legal philosophy. Since it was first published in 1961 its elegant language and balanced arguments have inspired generations of students to address the wider problems associated with the study of law. In this long awaited new edition Hart presents a postscript in which he re-examines the foundations of his philosophy of law, with special attention to Professor Dworkin's criticism of it. With dispassionate lucidity he shows how much of the criticism stems from misunderstanding and confusion of thought. The postscript provides a clarification and a restatement of the fundamental tenets of his position. This thought-provoking new edition will re-open a wide range of debates and will be welcomed by all those with an interest in legal philosophy and jurisprudence.

Emerging and Readily Available Technologies and National Security

Author: Committee on Ethical and Societal Implications of Advances in Militarily Significant Technologies that are Rapidly Changing and Increasingly Globally Accessible
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309293341
Format: PDF, Docs
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Emerging and Readily Available Technologies and National Security is a study on the ethical, legal, and societal issues relating to the research on, development of, and use of rapidly changing technologies with low barriers of entry that have potential military application, such as information technologies, synthetic biology, and nanotechnology. The report also considers the ethical issues associated with robotics and autonomous systems, prosthetics and human enhancement, and cyber weapons. These technologies are characterized by readily available knowledge access, technological advancements that can take place in months instead of years, the blurring of lines between basic research and applied research, and a high uncertainty about how the future trajectories of these technologies will evolve and what applications will be possible. Emerging and Readily Available Technologies and National Security addresses topics such as the ethics of using autonomous weapons that may be available in the future; the propriety of enhancing the physical or cognitive capabilities of soldiers with drugs or implants or prosthetics; and what limits, if any, should be placed on the nature and extent of economic damage that cyber weapons can cause. This report explores three areas with respect to emerging and rapidly available technologies: the conduct of research; research applications; and unanticipated, unforeseen, or inadvertent ethical, legal, and societal issues. The report articulates a framework for policy makers, institutions, and individual researchers to think about issues as they relate to these technologies of military relevance and makes recommendations for how each of these groups should approach these considerations in its research activities. Emerging and Readily Available Technologies and National Security makes an essential contribution to incorporate the full consideration of ethical, legal, and societal issues in situations where rapid technological change may outpace our ability to foresee consequences.