The Philosophical Foundations of Modern Medicine

Author: Keekok Lee
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 0230348297
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Acknowledgements -- Introduction -- PART I -- Philosophical Foundations -- Modern Philosophy, Modern Science and Its Methodology -- Category Volte-face: Organisms for Machines -- Machines and Reductionism -- Organism A Machine -- PART II -- Human Organism is Machine: MEDICINE -- Biomedicine: Some Sciences -- Biomedicine: Some Technologies -- PART III -- Nosology: The Monogenic Conception of Disease -- Linear Causality and the Monogenic Conception of Disease -- Determining the Cause: Controllability and Random Controlled Trials -- Epidemiology: 'Cinderella' Status? What Kind of Science Is It Really? -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References and Select Bibliography -- Index.

Philosophical Foundations of Health Education

Author: Jill M. Black
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470528655
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book covers the philosophical and ethical foundations of the professional practice of health education in school, community, work site and hospital settings, as well as in health promotion consultant activities. Designed to be flexible, readers are prompted to develop their own philosophical and ethical approach(s) to the field after becoming familiar with the literature related to the discipline. It provides a state-of-the-art, conceptual framework and is targeted for health education majors who seek careers in health education and to provide other health science and health-related majors, who need to gain clear, succinct philosophical principles.

The Philosophical Foundations of Classical Chinese Medicine

Author: Keekok Lee
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498538886
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book makes Classical Chinese Medicine (CCM) intelligible to those who are not familiar with the tradition, many of whom may choose to dismiss it off-hand or to assess it negatively) . Keekok Lee uses two related strategies: arguing that all science and therefore medicine cannot be understood without excavating its philosophical presuppositions and showing what those presuppositions are in the case of CCM compared with those of biomedicine. Such excavations enable Lee in turn to demonstrate the following theses: (1) the metaphysical/ontological core of a medical system entails its own methodology, how to understand, diagnose and treat an illness/disease; (2) CCM rests on process-ontology, is Wholist, its general mode of thinking is Contextual-dyadic, its implicit logic is multi-valent, its model of causality is non-linear and multi-factorial; (3) Biomedicine (in the main) rests on thing-ontology and dualism, is Reductionist, its logic is classical bi-valent, its model of causality is linear and monofactorial; (4) hence to condemn CCM as “unscientific”/”pseudo-scientific”/plain “mumbo-jumbo” while privileging Biomedicine as the Gold Standard of scientificity is as absurd as to judge a cat to be inferior to a dog, using the criteria of “goodness” embodied in a dog-show.

Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience

Author: M. R. Bennett
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9781405108386
Format: PDF, Docs
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In this provocative survey, a distinguished philosopher and a leading neuroscientist outline the conceptual problems at the heart of cognitive neuroscience. Surveys the conceptual problems inherent in many neuroscientific theories. Encourages neuroscientists to pay more attention to conceptual questions. Provides conceptual maps for students and researchers in cognitive neuroscience and psychology. Written by a distinguished philosopher and leading neuroscientist. Avoids the use of philosophical jargon. Constitutes an essential reference work for elucidation of concepts in cognitive neuroscience and psychology.

Systems Biology

Author: Fred Boogerd
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080475271
Format: PDF, Docs
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Systems biology is a vigorous and expanding discipline, in many ways a successor to genomics and perhaps unprecedented in its combination of biology with a great many other sciences, from physics to ecology, from mathematics to medicine, and from philosophy to chemistry. Studying the philosophical foundations of systems biology may resolve a longer standing issue, i.e., the extent to which Biology is entitled to its own scientific foundations rather than being dominated by existing philosophies. * Answers the question of what distinguishes the living from the non-living * An in-depth look to a vigorous and expanding discipline, from molecule to system * Explores the region between individual components and the system

An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine

Author: James A. Marcum
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402067976
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In this book the author explores the shifting philosophical boundaries of modern medical knowledge and practice occasioned by the crisis of quality-of-care, especially in terms of the various humanistic adjustments to the biomedical model. To that end he examines the metaphysical, epistemological, and ethical boundaries of these medical models. He begins with their metaphysics, analyzing the metaphysical positions and presuppositions and ontological commitments upon which medical knowledge and practice is founded. Next, he considers the epistemological issues that face these medical models, particularly those driven by methodological procedures undertaken by epistemic agents to constitute medical knowledge and practice. Finally, he examines the axiological boundaries and the ethical implications of each model, especially in terms of the physician-patient relationship. In a concluding Epilogue, he discusses how the philosophical analysis of the humanization of modern medicine helps to address the crisis-of-care, as well as the question of “What is medicine?” The book’s unique features include a comprehensive coverage of the various topics in the philosophy of medicine that have emerged over the past several decades and a philosophical context for embedding bioethical discussions. The book’s target audiences include both undergraduate and graduate students, as well as healthcare professionals and professional philosophers. “This book is the 99th issue of the Series Philosophy and Medicine...and it can be considered a crown of thirty years of intensive and dynamic discussion in the field. We are completely convinced that after its publication, it can be finally said that undoubtedly the philosophy of medicine exists as a special field of inquiry.”

The End of Modern Medicine

Author: Laurence Foss
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791451298
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Proposes a radically reconfigured medical model centered on mind-body interaction.

The Theology of Medicine

Author: Thomas Stephen Szasz
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815602255
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The essays assembled in this volume reflect my long-standing interest in moral philosophy and my conviction that the idea of a medical ethics as something distinct and separate from ethics is an absurdity. Every person who acts is a moral agent. A person who possesses special knowledge and skills and is expected to act in the face of life-threatening circumstances--such as a physician--is someone whose status as moral agent is accordingly greatly enhanced. From the preface by the author.

Intuition in Medicine

Author: Hillel D. Braude
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226071685
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Intuition is central to discussions about the nature of scientific and philosophical reasoning and what it means to be human. In this bold and timely book, Hillel D. Braude marshals his dual training as a physician and philosopher to examine the place of intuition in medicine. Rather than defining and using a single concept of intuition—philosophical, practical, or neuroscientific—Braude here examines intuition as it occurs at different levels and in different contexts of clinical reasoning. He argues that not only does intuition provide the bridge between medical reasoning and moral reasoning, but that it also links the epistemological, ontological, and ethical foundations of clinical decision making. In presenting his case, Braude takes readers on a journey through Aristotle’s Ethics—highlighting the significance of practical reasoning in relation to theoretical reasoning and the potential bridge between them—then through current debates between regulators and clinicians on evidence-based medicine, and finally applies the philosophical perspectives of Reichenbach, Popper, and Peirce to analyze the intuitive support for clinical equipoise, a key concept in research ethics. Through his phenomenological study of intuition Braude aims to demonstrate that ethical responsibility for the other lies at the heart of clinical judgment. Braude’s original approach advances medical ethics by using philosophical rigor and history to analyze the tacit underpinnings of clinical reasoning and to introduce clear conceptual distinctions that simultaneously affirm and exacerbate the tension between ethical theory and practice. His study will be welcomed not only by philosophers but also by clinicians eager to justify how they use moral intuitions, and anyone interested in medical decision making.

Foundations of Biophilosophy

Author: Martin Mahner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662033682
Format: PDF, Docs
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Over the past three decades, the philosophy of biology has emerged from the shadow of the philosophy of physics to become a respectable and thriving philosophical subdiscipline. The authors take a fresh look at the life sciences and the philosophy of biology from a strictly realist and emergentist-naturalist perspective. They outline a unified and science-oriented philosophical framework that enables the clarification of many foundational and philosophical issues in biology. This book will be of interest both to life scientists and philosophers.