The prosocial gang

Author: Arnold P. Goldstein
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc
ISBN: 9780803957718
Format: PDF, ePub
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"Goldstein and Glick's book title, The Prosocial Gang, seems a contradiction in terms but it describes a successful attempt to alter the antisocial behavior in New York. . . . An important element of the research program in my view was the principle upon which the study was based. Respect and open communication underpinned the process and workers were given weekly supervision after having been consulted about how the project would work. This ethos, if followed through to the work with young people, would have some effect on the outcomes if the young people were also consulted and treated with respect. . . . As an academic exercise the book is well laid out with a full reference section at the end. . . . I would recommend it to youth justice workers because of its practical application and scene-setting of the wider world of young males." --Christina Vincent in LCCJ Newsletter "The value of the work--as a demonstration of what is possible--is great." --Philip Priestly in Legal and Criminological Psychology This important book describes in detail an award-winning gang intervention program: Aggression Replacement Training. The reduction in arrest rates, as well as other results, support the success of a multiyear project using the ART intervention approach with a series of very aggressive juvenile gangs in New York City. Working with gangs as a unit, the goal was to not only teach them anger control and other skills but do so in such a way that their real-world reference group (the gang) was turned, as much as possible, into a prosocial rather than an antisocial support group. This volume provides the reader with a thorough introduction to the history of gangs, current gang demographics, gang aggression and its etiology, and a review and critique of the various types of gang interventions that have been and are being tried. An invaluable resource for students as well as for practitioners dealing with gangs. "Four evaluations found that the program [ART] significantly improves the quality of the youths' interpersonal skills; enhances their ability to reduce and control anger; decreases the level of egocentricity and increases concern for the needs of others; substantially decreases antisocial behaviors; improves community functioning, especially with peers; and decreases criminal recidivism." --OJJDP Model Programs 1993 (Juvenile Justice Bulletin)

Theatre in Prison

Author: Michael Balfour
Publisher: Intellect Books
ISBN: 1841500666
Format: PDF, Docs
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From role-plays with street gangs in the USA to Beckett in Brixton; from opera productions with sex offenders to psychodrama with psychopaths, the book will discuss, analyse and reflect on theoretical notions and practical applications of theatre for and with the incarcerated. Theatre in Prison is a collection of thirteen international essays exploring the rich diversity of innovative drama works in prisons. The book includes an introduction that will present a contextualisation of the prison theatre field. Thereafter, leading practitioners and academics will explore key aspects of practice – problemitising, theorising and describing specific approaches to working with offenders. The book also includes extracts from prison plays, poetry and prisoners writings that offer illustrations and insights into the experience of prison life.

Introduction to Gangs in America

Author: Ronald M. Holmes
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439869456
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Gangs have long been a social and criminal threat to society. Introduction to Gangs in America explains how gangs are addressed as a criminal justice and public policy problem, providing a student-friendly, easily accessible, concise overview of the role, place, structure, and activities of gangs in American society. The book describes what gangs are, what differentiates them from each other, how they share similarities, and how they fit into contemporary American culture. The authors explore the history and structure of gangs, reveal their clandestine activities, and analyze their social impact. The book also includes information on gender issues in gangs, and provides insight into how gangs impact American educational institutions Offering an insider’s account, the book provides in-depth profiles of specific gangs, including: Europe’s five major biker gangs The Outlaws The Hell’s Angels The Bandidos The Pagans Bloods Aryan Brotherhood Black Guerrilla Family Mexican Mafia Texas Syndicate Neta Discussion questions appear at the end of each chapter, stimulating debate and classroom discussion. It may never be possible to eradicate gangs from our culture. But by understanding their structure, their strengths and vulnerabilities, and how they operate, law enforcement can better protect the public from their nefarious activities. This text gives future law enforcement professionals rare insider insight into a subject typically shrouded in secrecy.

The Eurogang Paradox

Author: Malcolm Klein
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792368441
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Eurogang Paradox is the first comprehensive collection of original research reports on the status of street gangs and problematic youth groups in Europe, as well as a set of special, state-of-the-art reports on the current status of American street gang research and its implications for the European gang situation. Seven American papers are joined with reports from England, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Russia, Holland, Belgium, France, and Slovenia. Summary chapters by the American and European editors provide overviews of the street gang picture: the associated issues and problems of definition, community context, comparative research procedures, and implications for prevention and intervention. Professionals and students will find these papers easy to comprehend yet fully informative on comparative street gang studies.

Gang Prevention

Author: James C. Howell
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437944825
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This report presents an overview of gang research and programs in the United States and examines how gangs form and why youth join them. It is based on information on research findings and prevention strategies disseminated by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention as part of its comprehensive anti-gang initiative. This report describes how community members can start assessing their gang problems and enhance prevention and intervention activities to help prevent delinquency and gang violence. It identifies promising and effective programs for gang prevention. Illustrations. This is a print on demand edition of an important, hard-to-find publication.

Globalizing the Streets

Author: Michael Flynn
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231128223
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Not since the 1960s have the activities of resistance among lower- and working-class youth caused such anxiety in the international community. Yet today the dispossessed are responding to the challenges of globalization and its methods of social control. The contributors to this volume examine the struggle for identity and interdependence of these youth, their clashes with law enforcement and criminal codes, their fight for social, political, and cultural capital, and their efforts to achieve recognition and empowerment. Essays adopt the vantage point of those whose struggle for social solidarity, self-respect, and survival in criminalized or marginalized spaces. In doing so, they contextualize and humanize the seemingly senseless actions of these youths, who make visible the class contradictions, social exclusion, and rituals of psychological humiliation that permeate their everyday lives.

Aggression Replacement Training

Author: Barry Glick
Publisher: Research Press
ISBN: 9780878226375
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Rev. ed. of: Aggression replacement training: a comprehensive intervention for aggressive youth / Arnold P. Goldstein, Barry Glick, John C. Gibbs. Rev. ed. c1998.

Crime and Public Policy

Author: James Q. Wilson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199315043
Format: PDF, Docs
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Crime in the United States has fluctuated considerably over the past thirty years, as have the policy approaches to deal with it. During this time criminologists and other scholars have helped to shed light on the role of incarceration, prevention, drugs, guns, policing, and numerous other aspects to crime control. Yet the latest research is rarely heard in public discussions and is often missing from the desks of policymakers. This book accessibly summarizes the latest scientific information on the causes of crime and evidence about what does and does not work to control it. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new version of Crime and Public Policy will include twenty chapters and five new substantial entries. As with previous editions, each essay reviews the existing literature, discusses the methodological rigor of the studies, identifies what policies and programs the studies suggest, and then points to policies now implemented that fail to reflect the evidence. The chapters cover the principle institutions of the criminal justice system (juvenile justice, police, prisons, probation and parole, sentencing), how broader aspects of social life inhibit or encourage crime (biology, schools, families, communities), and topics currently generating a great deal of attention (criminal activities of gangs, sex offenders, prisoner reentry, changing crime rates). With contributions from trusted, leading scholars, Crime and Public Policy offers the most comprehensive and balanced guide to how the latest and best social science research informs the understanding of crime and its control for policymakers, community leaders, and students of crime and criminal justice.

Gangs

Author: Karen L. Kinnear
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1598841254
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Discusses the history of gangs, why people join them, and where they are found, and includes statistical information and summaries of print and nonprint resources.

God s Gangs

Author: Edward Flores
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479850098
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Winner, 2014 Distinguished Contribution to Research Award presented by the Latina/o Sociology Section of the American Sociological Association Los Angeles is the epicenter of the American gang problem. Rituals and customs from Los Angeles’ eastside gangs, including hand signals, graffiti, and clothing styles, have spread to small towns and big cities alike. Many see the problem with gangs as related to urban marginality—for a Latino immigrant population struggling with poverty and social integration, gangs offer a close-knit community. Yet, as Edward Orozco Flores argues in God’s Gangs, gang members can be successfully redirected out of gangs through efforts that change the context in which they find themselves, as well as their notions of what it means to be a man. Flores here illuminates how Latino men recover from gang life through involvement in urban, faith-based organizations. Drawing on participant observation and interviews with Homeboy Industries, a Jesuit-founded non-profit that is one of the largest gang intervention programs in the country, and with Victory Outreach, a Pentecostal ministry with over 600 chapters, Flores demonstrates that organizations such as these facilitate recovery from gang life by enabling gang members to reinvent themselves as family men and as members of their community. The book offers a window into the process of redefining masculinity. As Flores convincingly shows, gang members are not trapped in a cycle of poverty and marginality. With the help of urban ministries, such men construct a reformed barrio masculinity to distance themselves from gang life.