The Pueblo Revolt of 1680

Author: Andrew L. Knaut
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 0806177098
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In August 1680 the Pueblo Indians of northern New Mexico arose in fury to slay their Spanish colonial overlords and drive any survivors from the land. Andrew Knaut explores eight decades of New Mexican history leading up to the revolt, explaining how the newcomers had disrupted Pueblo life in far-reaching ways - they commandeered the Indians’ food stores, exposed the Pueblos to new diseases, interrupted long-established trading relationships, and sparked increasing raids by surrounding Athapaskan nomads. The Pueblo Indians’ violent success stemmed from an almost unprecedented unity of disparate factions and sophistication of planning in secrecy. When Spanish forces retook the colony in the 1690s, freedom proved short-lived. But the revolt stands as a vitally important yet neglected historical landmark: the only significant reversal of European expansion by Native American people in the New World.

The Pueblo Revolt

Author: Robert Silverberg
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 9780803292277
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The peaceable Pueblo Indians seemed an unlikely people to rise emphatically and successfully against the Spanish Empire. For eighty-two years the Pueblos had lived under Spanish domination in the northern part of present-day New Mexico. The Spanish administration had been led not by Coronado’s earlier vision of god but by a desire to convert the Indians to Christianity and eke a living from the country north of Mexico. The situation made conflict inevitable, with devastating results. Robert Silverberg writes: "While the missionaries flogged and even hanged the Indians to save their souls, the civil authorities enslaved them, plundered the wealth of their cornfields, forced them to abide by incomprehensible Spanish laws." A long drought beginning in the 1660s and the accelerated raids of nomadic tribes contributed to the spontaneous revolt to the Pueblos in August 1680. How the Pueblos maintained their independence for a dozen years in plain view of the ambitious Spaniards and how they finally expelled the Spanish is the exciting story of The Pueblo Revolt. Robert Silverberg’s descriptions yield a rich picture of the Pueblo culture.

What Caused the Pueblo Revolt of 1680

Author: David J. Weber
Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
ISBN: 9780312191740
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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What caused the Pueblo revolt of 1680? This now-famous revolt marked the end of 80 years of peaceful coexistence between Spaniards and Pueblos; historians have long struggled to understand the complex reasons for the sudden and dramatic breakdown of relations. In this volume, 5 historians examine the factors that led to the unprecedented collaboration among tribes separated by distance, language, and historic rivalries that resulted in the destruction of Spain's New Mexico colony. Searching through what little remains of the written record, the essays present a variety of interpretations, with different emphases on culture, religion, and race.

The Pueblo Revolt

Author: David Roberts
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 9781416595694
Format: PDF
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The dramatic and tragic story of the only successful Native American uprising against the Spanish, the Pueblo Revolt of 1680. With the conquest of New Mexico in 1598, Spanish governors, soldiers, and missionaries began their brutal subjugation of the Pueblo Indians in what is today the Southwestern United States. This oppression continued for decades, until, in the summer of 1680, led by a visionary shaman named Pope, the Puebloans revolted. In total secrecy they coordinated an attack, killing 401 settlers and soldiers and routing the rulers in Santa Fe. Every Spaniard was driven from the Pueblo homeland, the only time in North American history that conquering Europeans were thoroughly expelled from Indian territory. Yet today, more than three centuries later, crucial questions about the Pueblo Revolt remain unanswered. How did Pope succeed in his brilliant plot? And what happened in the Pueblo world between 1680 and 1692, when a new Spanish force reconquered the Pueblo peoples with relative ease? David Roberts set out to try to answer these questions and to bring this remarkable historical episode to life. He visited Pueblo villages, talked with Native American and Anglo historians, combed through archives, discovered backcountry ruins, sought out the vivid rock art panels carved and painted by Puebloans contemporary with the events, and pondered the existence of centuries-old Spanish documents never seen by Anglos.

Indian Uprising on the Rio Grande

Author: Franklin Folsom
Publisher: UNM Press
ISBN: 9780826317438
Format: PDF
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This award-winning account of the Pueblo Revolt is told from the point of view of the Native American villagers of the Rio Grande Valley. Folsom equates the Pueblos' desire to control their own destiny to that of the Americans in 1776 and reveals the harshness of Spanish rule. Not only were the Pueblos taxed and forced to labor for the Spanish, they were frequently sold into slavery and their religion was attacked and suppressed by missionaries. Under the direction of Pope, the Pueblos overcame their traditional reliance on local leadership and joined together in a brilliantly conceived and successful attack on Spanish power. Not until twelve years later did the Spaniards re-enter the Rio Grande Valley, and after this conquest they allowed the Pueblo people to maintain their religious traditions. This pivotal time in Pueblo history is powerfully and compellingly retold here.

Archaeologies of the Pueblo Revolt

Author: Robert W. Preucel
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
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As the authors here demonstrate, not only did material culture establish, subvert, and transform a set of meanings that served in the seventeenth century and still serve today as vital cultural resources for Pueblo people, but archaeology can open new areas of inquiry into the underlying causes and ultimate effects of the Pueblo Revolt."--BOOK JACKET.

Skull Wars

Author: David H. Thomas
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 9780786724369
Format: PDF
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The 1996 discovery, near Kennewick, Washington, of a 9,000-year-old Caucasoid skeleton brought more to the surface than bones. The explosive controversy and resulting lawsuit also raised a far more fundamental question: Who owns history? Many Indians see archeologists as desecrators of tribal rites and traditions; archeologists see their livelihoods and science threatened by the 1990 Federal reparation law, which gives tribes control over remains in their traditional territories.In this new work, Thomas charts the riveting story of this lawsuit, the archeologists' deteriorating relations with American Indians, and the rise of scientific archeology. His telling of the tale gains extra credence from his own reputation as a leader in building cooperation between the two sides.

Revolt

Author: Matthew Liebmann
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 0816528659
Format: PDF, Docs
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"The author intertwines archaeology, history, and ethnohistory to examine the aftermath of the uprising in colonial New Mexico, focusing on the radical changes it instigated in Pueblo culture and society"--Provided by publisher.

Prehistory of the Americas

Author: Stuart J. Fiedel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521425445
Format: PDF, Docs
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Fiedel's book, exploring the development of the prehistoric cultures of North, Central and South America from about 10,000 BC to AD 1530, has been updated to include discussion of recent discoveries and analyses of their implications. The author describes how different regions of the New World evolved, affected by a variety of factors ranging from population growth to climate change. He compares the evolution of the New World with that of the cultures of the Old World. Discussion of the development of American archaeology from the early European encounters with native Americans to the "new" archaeology is also included.

Indian Alliances and the Spanish in the Southwest 750 1750

Author: William B. Carter
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 080618535X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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When considering the history of the Southwest, scholars have typically viewed Apaches, Navajos, and other Athabaskans as marauders who preyed on Pueblo towns and Spanish settlements. William B. Carter now offers a multilayered reassessment of historical events and environmental and social change to show how mutually supportive networks among Native peoples created alliances in the centuries before and after Spanish settlement. Combining recent scholarship on southwestern prehistory and the history of northern New Spain, Carter describes how environmental changes shaped American Indian settlement in the Southwest and how Athapaskan and Puebloan peoples formed alliances that endured until the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 and even afterward. Established initially for trade, Pueblo-Athapaskan ties deepened with intermarriage and developments in the political realities of the region. Carter also shows how Athapaskans influenced Pueblo economies far more than previously supposed, and helped to erode Spanish influence. In clearly explaining Native prehistory, Carter integrates clan origins with archeological data and historical accounts. He then shows how the Spanish conquest of New Mexico affected Native populations and the relations between them. His analysis of the Pueblo Revolt reveals that Athapaskan and Puebloan peoples were in close contact, underscoring the instrumental role that Athapaskan allies played in Native anticolonial resistance in New Mexico throughout the seventeenth century. Written to appeal to both students and general readers, this fresh interpretation of borderlands ethnohistory provides a broad view as well as important insights for assessing subsequent social change in the region.