Trekking Through History

Author: Laura M. Rival
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231506228
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Huaorani of Ecuador lived as hunters and gatherers in the Amazonian rainforest for hundred of years, largely undisturbed by western civilization. Since their first encounter with North American missionaries in 1956, they have held a special place i

The Fate of the Forest

Author: Susanna B. Hecht
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226322726
Format: PDF, Docs
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Susanna Hecht and Alexander Cockburn show the panorama of destruction as it unfolded, and also reveal the extraordinary turnaround that is now taking place, thanks both to the social movements and the emergence of new environmental markets. Exploring the role of human hands in destroyingùand savingùthis vast forested region, The Fate of the Forest pivots on the murder of Chico Mendes, a legendary labor and environmental organizer who was assassinated after successful confrontations with big ranchers. A multifaceted portrait, complete with a new preface and afterword by the authors, this book demonstrates that those who would hold a mirror up to nature must first learn the lessons offered by some of their own people. --Book Jacket.

Time and Complexity in Historical Ecology

Author: William L. Balée
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231509618
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This collection of studies by anthropologists, botanists, ecologists, and biologists is an important contribution to the emerging field of historical ecology. The book combines cutting-edge research with new perspectives to emphasize the close relationship between humans and their natural environment. Contributors examine how alterations in the natural world mirror human cultures, societies, and languages. Treating the landscape like a text, these researchers decipher patterns and meaning in the Ecuadorian Andes, Amazonia, the desert coast of Peru, and other regions in the neotropics. They show how local peoples have changed the landscape over time to fit their needs by managing and modifying species diversity, enhancing landscape heterogeneity, and controlling ecological disturbance. In turn, the environment itself becomes a form of architecture rich with historical and archaeological significance. Time and Complexity in Historical Ecology explores thousands of years of ecological history while also addressing important contemporary issues, such as biodiversity and genetic variation and change. Engagingly written and expertly researched, this book introduces and exemplifies a unique method for better understanding the link between humans and the biosphere.

High Frontiers

Author: Kenneth Michael Bauer
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231509022
Format: PDF, ePub
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-- Katharine N. Rankin, University of Toronto, Journal of the Royal Anthropoligcal Institute

Histories of the Borneo Environment

Author: Reed L. Wadley
Publisher: Kitlv Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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In light of the tremendous changes that have come to the island of Borneo in recent decades, this volume takes a detailed historical look at the Borneo environment from native, colonial and national perspectives. It examines change and continuity in the economic, political and social dimensions of human-environment interactions. Reflecting the increasingly multidisciplinary nature of environmental history, the book brings together an international group of historians, anthropologists, geographers and social foresters, all looking through a historical lens at the environment in the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak, and the Indonesian province of Kalimantan and Brunei. Drawing on extensive archival research and fieldwork, these ten original contributions encompass eleven centuries of history on Borneo, examining interrelated topics that include long-distance trade, conservation, land tenure, resource access, property rights, perceptions of the environment, migration, and development policy and practice.

Huaorani Transformations in Twenty First Century Ecuador

Author: Laura Rival
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 081650119X
Format: PDF
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"This book draws on the author's twenty years of field research among the Huaorani of Amazonian Ecuador, offering a unique perspective on the people's culture and society"--Provided by publisher.

Lilies of the Field

Author: Sophie Day
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Lilies of the Field presents a broad range of ethnographic studies which share one common feature: They deal with people who try to live in “the present moment.” Some of these people work as wage laborers, some forage in the forest or in the sea, and still others trade or till the land. In the midst of this almost bewildering diversity, a common commitment to the present moment and the short term becomes all the more striking. This involves an exceptional inversion of mainstream practice.The people found in this book imagine the present as other people imagine the future or the past: It is a source of joy and satisfaction. Through their fundamental commitment to living each day as it comes, they invert their marginal status and put themselves at the center of their own moral universe. They also achieve a remarkable voluntarism in their sense of identity: The less you are concerned with the past and future, the more true it is to say, “You are what you do.” This orientation constitutes a powerful tool of resistance and opposition to surrounding neighbors and institutions.The individuals examined here are prepared to try to do without arrangements for their own reproduction through time, rather than enmesh themselves in a politically coercive world, where they can only find a place as dependents. The authors consider the multiple political uses to which these cultural attitudes have been put, both by the people immediately concerned and also by (more powerful) others. Framed by various theoretical debates, Lilies of the Field shows how the cultural ethos associated with “immediate return” social systems can be found in very different economic and social contexts.