What Science Is and How It Works

Author: Gregory N. Derry
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400823116
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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How does a scientist go about solving problems? How do scientific discoveries happen? Why are cold fusion and parapsychology different from mainstream science? What is a scientific worldview? In this lively and wide-ranging book, Gregory Derry talks about these and other questions as he introduces the reader to the process of scientific thinking. From the discovery of X rays and semiconductors to the argument for continental drift to the invention of the smallpox vaccine, scientific work has proceeded through honest observation, critical reasoning, and sometimes just plain luck. Derry starts out with historical examples, leading readers through the events, experiments, blind alleys, and thoughts of scientists in the midst of discovery and invention. Readers at all levels will come away with an enriched appreciation of how science operates and how it connects with our daily lives. An especially valuable feature of this book is the actual demonstration of scientific reasoning. Derry shows how scientists use a small number of powerful yet simple methods--symmetry, scaling, linearity, and feedback, for example--to construct realistic models that describe a number of diverse real-life problems, such as drug uptake in the body, the inner workings of atoms, and the laws of heredity. Science involves a particular way of thinking about the world, and Derry shows the reader that a scientific viewpoint can benefit most personal philosophies and fields of study. With an eye to both the power and limits of science, he explores the relationships between science and topics such as religion, ethics, and philosophy. By tackling the subject of science from all angles, including the nuts and bolts of the trade as well as its place in the overall scheme of life, the book provides a perfect place to start thinking like a scientist.

The Secret Life of Science

Author: Jeremy J. Baumberg
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400889308
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A revealing and provocative look at the current state of global science We take the advance of science as given. But how does science really work? Is it truly as healthy as we tend to think? How does the system itself shape what scientists do? The Secret Life of Science takes a clear-eyed and provocative look at the current state of global science, shedding light on a cutthroat and tightly tensioned enterprise that even scientists themselves often don't fully understand. The Secret Life of Science is a dispatch from the front lines of modern science. It paints a startling picture of a complex scientific ecosystem that has become the most competitive free-market environment on the planet. It reveals how big this ecosystem really is, what motivates its participants, and who reaps the rewards. Are there too few scientists in the world or too many? Are some fields expanding at the expense of others? What science is shared or published, and who determines what the public gets to hear about? What is the future of science? Answering these and other questions, this controversial book explains why globalization is not necessarily good for science, nor is the continued growth in the number of scientists. It portrays a scientific community engaged in a race for limited resources that determines whether careers are lost or won, whose research visions become the mainstream, and whose vested interests end up in control. The Secret Life of Science explains why this hypercompetitive environment is stifling the diversity of research and the resiliency of science itself, and why new ideas are needed to ensure that the scientific enterprise remains healthy and vibrant.

The Science of Sleep

Author: Wallace B. Mendelson
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022638733X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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We often hear that humans spend one third of their lives sleeping—and most of us would up that fraction if we could. Whether we’re curling up for a brief lunchtime catnap, catching a doze on a sunny afternoon, or clocking our solid eight hours at night, sleeping is normally a reliable way to rest our heads and recharge our minds. And our bodies demand it: without sufficient sleep, we experience changes in mood, memory loss, and difficulty concentrating. Symptoms of sleep deprivation can be severe, and we know that sleep is essential for restoring and rejuvenating muscles, tissue, and energy. And yet, although science is making remarkable inroads into the workings and functions of sleep, many aspects still remain a mystery. In The Science of Sleep, sleep expert Wallace B. Mendelson explains the elements of human sleep states and explores the variety of sleep disorders afflicting thousands of people worldwide. Mendelson lays out the various treatments that are available today and provides a helpful guide for one of life’s most important activities. By offering the first scientific yet accessible account of sleep science, Mendelson allows readers to assess their personal relationships with sleep and craft their own individual approaches to a comfortable and effective night’s rest. Addressing one of the major public health issues of the day with cutting-edge research and empathetic understanding, The Science of Sleep is the definitive illustrated reference guide to sleep science.

100 Steps for Science

Author: Lisa Jane Gillespie
Publisher: Wide Eyed Editions
ISBN: 9781847808431
Format: PDF, ePub
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Plunge into the world of science and learn about humankind’s ten most important discoveries, including stars, wheels, numbers, light, medicine, sound, atoms, materials, energy and life. See how early scientific observations made by ancient civilizations went on to shape our world today, and learn how technology evolved over time in ten breakthrough moments for each of the ten key discoveries. From the invention of the wheel, which was adapted over thousands of years to power the powerful modern engines of the modern age, learn how simple steps in science led to giant leaps for mankind.

How Science Works

Author: Judith Hann
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780751308327
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Here is an exciting and highly original "hands-on" introduction to the world of science for the whole family. Encourages a head start in learning about science. Safe, readily available "ingredients" for each project.

Hockey

Author: Agnieszka Biskup
Publisher: Capstone
ISBN: 1429640235
Format: PDF, ePub
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"Describes the science behind the sport of hockey, including skating, shooting, goaltending, and the rink"--Provided by publisher.

Space Chronicles Facing the Ultimate Frontier

Author: Neil deGrasse Tyson
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393082911
Format: PDF, Kindle
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“A compelling appeal, at just the right time, for continuing to look up.”—Air & Space America’s space program is at a turning point. After decades of global primacy, NASA has ended the space-shuttle program, cutting off its access to space. No astronauts will be launched in an American craft, from American soil, until the 2020s, and NASA may soon find itself eclipsed by other countries’ space programs. With his signature wit and thought-provoking insights, Neil deGrasse Tyson—one of our foremost thinkers on all things space—illuminates the past, present, and future of space exploration and brilliantly reminds us why NASA matters now as much as ever. As Tyson reveals, exploring the space frontier can profoundly enrich many aspects of our daily lives, from education systems and the economy to national security and morale. For America to maintain its status as a global leader and a technological innovator, he explains, we must regain our enthusiasm and curiosity about what lies beyond our world. Provocative, humorous, and wonderfully readable, Space Chronicles represents the best of Tyson’s recent commentary, including a must-read prologue on NASA and partisan politics. Reflecting on topics that range from scientific literacy to space-travel missteps, Tyson gives us an urgent, clear-eyed, and ultimately inspiring vision for the future.

How Pleasure Works The New Science of Why We Like What We Like

Author: Paul Bloom
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393077117
Format: PDF, ePub
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“Engaging, evocative. . . . [Bloom] is a supple, clear writer, and his parade of counterintuitive claims about pleasure is beguiling.”—NPR Why is an artistic masterpiece worth millions more than a convincing forgery? Pleasure works in mysterious ways, as Paul Bloom reveals in this investigation of what we desire and why. Drawing on a wealth of surprising studies, Bloom investigates pleasures noble and seamy, lofty and mundane, to reveal that our enjoyment of a given thing is determined not by what we can see and touch but by our beliefs about that thing’s history, origin, and deeper nature.

Football

Author: Agnieszka Biskup
Publisher: Capstone
ISBN: 1429640227
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"Describes the science behind the sport of football, including offense, defense, special teams, and arenas"--Provided by publisher.

How Science Works

Author: Dorling Kindersley
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780241287279
Format: PDF, ePub
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Answering all your burning scientific questions, from what it means to be alive to why things explode, How Science Works explains science facts throughout amazing diagrams and infographics. Unlock the secrets of the universe, such as whether a robot takeover is possible, and marvel at the surprising simplicity of gravity. Dazzle your friends and family with answers to their everyday science questions such as; why do sirens change pitch as they pass by? How do planes stay in the air? Plus many more! Learn how to explain the mind-boggling concepts that eluded you at school, all the way through to more recent fascinating topics such as the discovery of the Higgs Boson- this really is science made simple.